Security Analysis of System Behaviour - From "Security by Design" to "Security at Runtime" -
The Internet today provides the environment for novel applications and processes which may evolve way beyond pre-planned scope and purpose. Security analysis is growing in complexity with the increase in functionality, connectivity, and dynamics of current electronic business processes. Technica...
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|The Internet today provides the environment for novel applications and
processes which may evolve way beyond pre-planned scope and
purpose. Security analysis is growing in complexity with the increase
in functionality, connectivity, and dynamics of current electronic
business processes. Technical processes within critical
infrastructures also have to cope with these developments. To tackle
the complexity of the security analysis, the application of models is
becoming standard practice. However, model-based support for security
analysis is not only needed in pre-operational phases but also during
process execution, in order to provide situational security awareness
This cumulative thesis provides three major contributions to modelling
Firstly, this thesis provides an approach for model-based analysis and
verification of security and safety properties in order to support
fault prevention and fault removal in system design or redesign.
Furthermore, some construction principles for the design of
well-behaved scalable systems are given.
The second topic is the analysis of the exposition of vulnerabilities
in the software components of networked systems to exploitation by
internal or external threats. This kind of fault forecasting allows
the security assessment of alternative system configurations and
security policies. Validation and deployment of security policies
that minimise the attack surface can now improve fault tolerance and
mitigate the impact of successful attacks.
Thirdly, the approach is extended to runtime applicability. An
observing system monitors an event stream from the observed system
with the aim to detect faults - deviations from the specified
behaviour or security compliance violations - at runtime.
Furthermore, knowledge about the expected behaviour given by an
operational model is used to predict faults in the near
future. Building on this, a holistic security management strategy is
proposed. The architecture of the observing system is described and
the applicability of model-based security analysis at runtime is
demonstrated utilising processes from several industrial scenarios.
The results of this cumulative thesis are provided by 19 selected