Prävalenz der Multiplen Endokrinen Neoplasie Typ I (MENI) bei jungen Patienten mit offenbar sporadischem primären Hyperparathyreoidismus oder sporadischen pankreatikoduodenalen endokrinen Tumoren

Die geeignete Behandlung eines sporadischen endokrinen Tumors kann sich von derjenigen eines Tumors erheblich unterscheiden, der als Teil eines MEN1-Syndroms auftritt. Da primärer Hyperparathyreoidismus (pHPT)und pankreatikoduodenale Tumore (PET) die häufigsten Organmanifestationen des MEN1...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Hall, Alexander
Contributors: Langer, Peter (Dr.) (Thesis advisor)
Format: Dissertation
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2007
Operative Medizin
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Table of Contents: The appropriate treatment for a sporadic endocrine tumour may be different from those that present as part of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome. As primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and pancreaticoduodenal endocrine tumors (PETs) are the most common organ manifestations of MEN1, the prevalence of germline mutations in the MEN1 gene was determined in young patients with apparently sporadic pHPT or PETs. Eighteen of 705 patients with pHPT and 11 of 93 patients with PETs operated on between 1987 and 2001 had no family history of MEN1, only one organ manifestation and were aged 40 years or less at the time of diagnosis. Fifteen patients with pHPT and eigth with PETs agreed to MEN1 gene mutation analysis, which was performed by single-strand conformational variant analysis and direct DNA sequencing. Two of 15 patients (13.3 per cent) with apparently sporadic pHPT had a MEN1 germline mutation. Both mutations were found in patients with pHPT due to multiglandular disease, where as the remaining 13 patients had a solitary adenoma. None of the eight patients with PETs carried a MEN1 germline mutation. Sporadic pHPT due to multiglandular disease in patients younger than 40 years may represent the first organ manifestation of MEN1 despite a negative family history.