Disclosure of Evidence in International Criminal Trials - An Historical Overview

Die Arbeit bietet eine Überblick über die Geschichte der Disclosure of Evidence, also der Offenlegung von Beweismitteln, in internationalen Strafverfahren. Einführend werden die nationalen rechtlichen Ursprünge der Disclosure beleuchtet. Sodann geht die Arbeit im Einzelnen auf den Nürnberger Hauptkr...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Büngener, Lars
Contributors: Safferling, Christoph Johannes Maria (Prof. Dr.) (Thesis advisor)
Format: Dissertation
Language:English
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2013
Kriminalwissenschaften
Subjects:
Law
Online Access:PDF Full Text
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!

1. Cassese, Antonio, Gaeta, Paola, and Jones, John R. W. D.: The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: A Commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.


2. Epp, John Arnold: Building on the decade of disclosure in criminal procedure, London, 2001.


3. Damaška, Mirjan R.: The Faces of Justice and State Authority, New Haven, 1986.


4. Wigmore, John Henry: A Treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law, Vol. 3, (2 nd ed.), Boston, 1923.


5. Scharf, Michael P.: Getting Serious About an International Criminal Court, 6 Pace International Law Review (1994), 103-119.


6. Lynch, Michael E.: Closure and Disclosure in Pre-Trial Argument, 5 Human Studies (1982), 285-318.


7. Tochilovsky, Vladimir: Rules of Procedure for the International Criminal Court: Problems to Address in Light of the Experience of the Ad Hoc Tribunals, Netherlands International Law Review (1999), 343-360.


8. de los Reyes, Charmaine: Revisiting Disclosure Obligations at the ICTR and its Implications for the Rights of the Accused, 4 Chinese Journal of International Law 2 (2005), 583-597.


9. Triffterer, Otto: Commentary on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: Observers' Notes, Article by Article, (2 nd ed.), Munich, 2008.


10. Safferling, Christoph J. M.: Towards an international criminal procedure, Oxford, 2003.


11. Kreß, Claus: The Procedural Law of the International Criminal Court in Outline: Anatomy of a Unique Compromise, 1 Journal of International Criminal Justice (2003), 603-617.


12. Meron, Theodor: Procedural Evolution in the ICTY, 1 Journal of International Criminal Justice (2004), 520-525.


13. Zappalà, Salvatore: The Prosecutor's Duty to Disclose Exculpatory Materials and the Recent Amendment to Rule 68 ICTY RPE, 2 Journal of International Criminal Justice (2004), 620-630.


14. Kreß, Claus: The Procedural Texts of the International Criminal Court, 5 Journal of International Criminal Justice 2 (2007), 537-543.


15. Bassiouni, M. Cherif: The Legislative History of the International Criminal Court, Ardsley, NY, 2005.


16. O'Sullivan, Eugene, and Montgomery, Deirdre: The Erosion of the Right to Confrontation under the Cloak of Fairness at the ICTY, 8 Journal of International Criminal Justice (2010), 28.


17. Feeney, Floyd F., and Baldwin, J.: Defense Disclosure in the Magistrates' Courts, 49 Modern Law Review (1986), 593.


18. Ambos, Kai, and Miller, Dennis: Structure and Function of the Confirmation Procedure before the ICC from a Comparative Perspective, 7 International Criminal Law Review (2007), 335-360.


19. Findlay, Mark: Internationalised Criminal Trial and the Access to Justice, 2 International Criminal Law Review (2002), 237-259.


20. Fairlie, Megan A.: The Marriage of Common and Continental Law at the ICTY and its Progeny, Due Process Deficit, 4 International Criminal Law Review (2004), 243- 319.


21. Kuschnik, Bernhard: International Criminal Due Process in the Making: New Tendencies in the Law on Non-Disclosure in the Proceedings of the ICC, 9 International Criminal Law Review 1 (2009), 157-185.


22. Plater, David: The Development of the Prosecutor's Role in England and Australia with Respect to its Duty of Disclosure: Partisan Advocate or Minister of Justice? 25 The University of Tasmania Law Review 2 (2006), 111-155.


23. Sundby, Scott E.: Fallen Superheroes and Constitutional Mirages: The Tale of Brady v.


24. Wigmore, John Henry: A pocket code of the rules of evidence in trials at law, Boston, 1910.


25. Kaufman, Irving R.: Criminal Discovery and Inspection of Defendant's Own Statements in the Federal Courts, 57 Columbia Law Review (1957), 1113-1121.


26. Bossuyt, Marc J.: Guide to the ''travaux préparatoires'' of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Dordrecht/Boston, 1987.


27. Crawford, James: The ILC's Draft Statute for an International Criminal Tribunal, 88 American Journal of International Law 1 (1994), 140-152.


28. Lee, Roy S.: The International Criminal Court: The Making of the Rome Statute: Issues, Negotiations, Results, The Hague, 2002.


29. Mundis, Daryl A.: Improving the Operation and Functioning of the International Criminal Tribunals, 94 American Journal of International Law (2000), 759-773.


30. Arsanjani, Mahnoush: The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 93


31. Goldstein, Abraham S.: The State and the Accused: Balance of Advantage in Criminal Procedure, 69 Yale Law Journal (1962), 1149-1199.


32. Bentley, David: English Criminal Justice in the Nineteenth Century, London, 1998.


33. Ambos, Kai: Der Allgemeine Teil des Völkerstrafrechts: Ansätze einer Dogmatisierung, (2 nd ed.), Berlin, 2002.


34. Pollock, Frederick, and Maitland, Frederic William: The history of English law before the time of Edward I Vol. 2, (2 nd ed.), Cambridge, 1911.


35. Orfield, Lester B.: Criminal procedure from arrest to appeal, New York, 1947.


36. Kamardi, Christiane: Die Ausformung einer Prozessordnung sui generis durch das ICTY unter Berücksichtigung des Fair-Trial-Prinzips, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.


37. Slapper, Gary, and Kelly, David: The English legal system, (10 th ed.), London, 2009.


38. Ferencz, Benjamin Berell: Nuremberg Trial Procedure and the Rights of the Accused, 34 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1948), 144-152.


39. Orfield, Lester B.: Discovery and Inspection in Federal Criminal Procedure, 59 West Virginia Law Review (1956-1957), 312.


40. Scheffer, David: A review of the experiences of the Pre-Trial and Appeals Chambers of the International Criminal Court regarding the disclosure of evidence, 21 Leiden Journal of International Law 1 (2008), 151-163.


41. Khan, Karim A. A., Dixon, Rodney, and Fulford, Adrian: Archbold: International Criminal Courts -Practice, Procedure and Evidence, (2 nd ed.), London, 2005.


42. American College of Trial Lawyers: Proposed Codification of Disclosure of Favorable Information under Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure 11 and 16, Irvine, California, 2003.


43. Walpin, Gerald: America's Adversarial and Jury Systems: More Likely to Do Justice, 26 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy (2003), 175-185.


44. Cryer, Robert, Friman, Håkan, Robinson, Daryl, Wilmshurst, Elizabeth: An introduction to international criminal law and procedure, Cambridge, 2007.


45. June 2008", Appeals Chamber, 21 October 2008.


46. Safferling, Christoph J. M.: Audiatur et altera pars -die prozessuale Waffengleichheit als Prozessprinzip? Neue Zeitschrift für Strafrecht 4 (2004), 181-188.


47. Comment (Charles Reich): Pre-Trial Disclosure in Criminal Proceedings, 60 Yale Law Journal (1951), 626-646.


48. Ambos, Kai: Confidential Investigations (Article 54(3)(e) ICC Statute) vs. Disclosure Obligations, 12 New Criminal Law Review 4 (2009), 543-568.


49. Taylor, Peter Murray LCJ: Consideration of Reforms in Progress -Tom Sargant Memorial Lecture, 19 January 1994, 1994.


50. Boas, Gideon: Creating Laws of Evidence for International Criminal Law -The ICTY and the Principle of Flexibility, 12 Criminal Law Forum (2001), 41-90.


51. Benzing, Markus: Das Beweisrecht vor internationalen Gerichten und Schiedsgerichten in zwischenstaatlichen Streitigkeiten, Heidelberg, 2010.


52. Safferling, Christoph J. M.: Das Opfer völkerrechtlicher Verbrechen: Die Stellung der Verbrechensopfer vor dem Internationalen Strafgerichtshof, 115 Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft (2003), 352-384.


53. Möller, Christina: Das Vorverfahren im Strafprozess vor dem Internationalen Straftribunal für das ehemalige Jugoslawien (''Pre-Trial and Preliminary Proceedings''), in: Kirsch, Stefan, ed., Internationale Strafgerichtshöfe, Baden- Baden, 2005, 19-52.


54. Taylor, David: Crime, policing and punishment in England, 1750-1914, Basingstoke, 1998.


55. Prosecutor v. Lubanga Dyilo, ICC Case No. 01/04-01/06, Decision on the consequences of non- disclosure of exculpatory materials covered by Article 54(3)(e) agreements and the application to stay the prosecution of the accused, together with certain other issues raised at the Status Conference on 10 June 2008, Trial Chamber I, 13 June 2008, paras. 92 et seq.


56. Büngener, Lars: Die Entwicklung der Disclosure of Evidence in internationalen Strafverfahren -Annäherung der Traditionen? in: Beck, Susanne, Burchard, Christoph, and Fateh-Moghadam, Bijan, eds., Strafrechtsvergleichung als Problem und Lösung, Baden-Baden, 2011, 215-233.


57. Landau, Herbert: Die Pflicht des Staates zum Erhalt einer funktionstüchtigen Strafrechtspflege, 27 Neue Zeitschrift für Strafrecht (2007), 121-129.


58. Herrmann, Joachim: Die Reform der deutschen Hauptverhandlung nach dem Vorbild des anglo-amerikanischen Strafverfahrens, Bonn, 1971.


59. Brady, Helen: Disclosure of Evidence, Ardsley, NY, 2001.


60. Ragland, George: Discovery before trial, Chicago, 1932.


61. Belknap, Michal R., and Warren, Earl: The Supreme Court under Earl Warren, 1953 -1969, Columbia, SC, 2005.


62. Wald, Patricia M.: Establish Incredible Events By Credible Evidence, 42 Harvard International Law Journal (2001), 535-553.


63. Schäfers, Beatrice: Freispruch in Nürnberg -der Weg zum freisprechenden Urteil des Internationalen Militärtribunals von Nürnberg im Fall Hans Fritzsche, Frankfurt am Main, 2012.


64. Karnavas, Michael G.: Gathering Evidence in International Criminal Trials -The View of the Defence Lawyer, in: Bohlander, Michael, ed., International criminal justice: a critical analysis of institutions and procedures, London, 2007, 505.


65. Stephen, James Fitzjames, and Stephen, Herbert: A digest of the law of criminal procedure, London, 1883.


66. Rüping, Hinrich: Der Grundsatz des rechtlichen Gehörs und seine Bedeutung im Strafverfahren, Berlin, 1976.


67. Fernández de Gurmendi, Silvia A., and Friman, Håkan: The Rules of Procedure and Evidence and the Regulations of the Court, in: Doria, José, Gasser, Hans-Peter, and Bassiouni, M. Cherif, eds., The Legal Regime of the International Criminal Court: Essays in Honour of Professor Igor Blishchenko, Leiden, 2009, 797-824.


68. Haq, Farhan, ICC and its Power of Prosecution, Inter Press Service, 17 March 1998.


69. Picker, Colin B.: International Law's Mixed Heritage: A Common/Civil Law Jurisdiction, 41 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law (2008), 1083-1140.


70. International Military Tribunal: Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal : Nuremberg, 14 November 1945 -1 October 1946, Nuremberg, 1947.


71. Weigend, Thomas: Is the Criminal Process about Truth? 26 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy (2003), 157.


72. Wigram, James: Points on the Law of Discovery, London, 1836.


73. Hawkins, William, and Curwood, John: A Treatise of the Pleas of the Crown Vol. II, (8 th ed.), London, 1824.


74. Prosecutor v. Lubanga Dyilo, ICC Case No. 01/04-01/06 OA 13, Judgment on the appeal of the Prosecutor against the decision of Trial Chamber I entitled "Decision on the consequences of non- disclosure of exculpatory materials covered by Article 54(3)(e) agreements and the application to stay the prosecution of the accused, together with certain other issues raised at the Status Conference on 10


75. Junior Bar Section of the Bar Association of the District of Columbia: Discovery in Federal Criminal Cases: A Symposium at the Judicial Conference of the District of Columbia Circuit, 33 Federal Rules Decisions (1963), 47-128.


76. Tochilovsky, Vladimir: Jurisprudence of the international criminal courts and the European Court of Human Rights, Leiden, 2008.


77. Walker, Clive, and Starmer, Keir: Miscarriages of justice: A Review of Justice in Error, London, 1999.


78. Whiting, Alex: Lead Evidence and Discovery Before the International Criminal Court: The Lubanga Case, 14 UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs (2009), 207-233.


79. Laternser, Hans: Looking Back at the Nuremberg Trials with Special Consideration of the Processes Against Military Leaders, 8 Whittier Law Review (1986-1987), 557-580.


80. Harmon, Mark B., and Karagiannakis, Magdalini: The Disclosure of Exculpatory Material by the Prosecution to the Defence under Rule 68 of the ICTY Rules, in: May, Richard, ed., Essays on ICTY Procedure and Evidence in Honour of Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, The Hague, 2001, 315-328.


81. Gollwitzer, Walter: Menschenrechte im Strafverfahren: MRK und IPBPR, Berlin, 2005.


82. Morris, Virginia, and Scharf, Michael: An insider's guide to the international criminal tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Irvington-on-Hudson, N.Y, 1995.


83. Stahn, Carsten: Modification of the Legal Characterization of Facts in the ICC System, 16 Criminal Law Forum (2005), 1-31.


84. N. N.: Note: Developments in the Law -Discovery, 74 Harvard Law Review (1961), 940-1072.


85. N. N.: Note: Pre-Trial Disclosure in Criminal Cases, 60 Yale Law Journal (1951), 626- 646.


86. N. N.: Note: The Prosecutor's Constitutional Duty to Reveal Evidence to the Defendant, 74 Yale Law Journal (1964), 136-150.


87. N. N.: Note: The Scope of Criminal Discovery Against the Government, 67 Harvard Law Review (1954), 492-500.


88. Nuremberg IMT: Minutes of Closed Sessions, 1945-1946.


89. Morton, James, Obituary: Lord Taylor of Gosforth, The Independent, 30 April 1997.


90. Safferling, Christoph J. M., and Graebke, Philipp: Strafverteidigung im Nürnberger Hauptkriegsverbrecherprozess: Strategien und Wirkung, 123 Zeitschrift für die gesamte Strafrechtswissenschaft (2011), 47-81.


91. Werle, Gerhard: Principles of international criminal law, The Hague, 2005.


92. Damaška, Mirjan R.: Problematic Features of International Criminal Procedure, in: Cassese, Antonio, ed., The Oxford companion to international criminal justice, Oxford, 2009, 175-186.


93. Barron, William W.: Proposed Rules of Procedure in Criminal Cases: A Prosecutor's Viewpoint, 2 Federal Rules Decisions (1941), 211-218.


94. Tochilovsky, Vladimir: Prosecution Disclosure Obligations in the ICC and Relevant Jurisprudence of the Ad Hoc Tribunals, in: Doria, José, Gasser, Hans-Peter, and Bassiouni, M. Cherif, eds., The Legal Regime of the International Criminal Court: Essays in Honour of Professor Igor Blishchenko, Leiden, 2009, 843-862.


95. O'Connor, Patrick: Prosecution Disclosure: Principle, Practice and Justice, Criminal Law Review (1992), 464-477.


96. Moranchek, Laura: Protecting National Security Evidence While Prosecuting War Crimes: Problems and Lessons for International Justice from the ICTY, 31 The Yale Journal of International Law (2006), 477-501.


97. Prosecutor v. Lubanga Dyilo, ICC Case No. 01/04-01/06, Redacted Decision on the Prosecution's Urgent Request for Variation of the Time-Limit to Disclose the Identity of Intermediary 143 or Alternatively to Stay Proceedings Pending Further Consultations with the VWU, Trial Chamber I, 8 July 2010. This decision, however, was quashed by the Appeals Chamber, for non- observance of the Chamber's margin of appreciation, see Prosecutor v. Lubanga Dyilo, ICC Case No. 01/04-01/06 OA 18, Judgment on the appeal of the Prosecutor against the decision of Trial Chamber I of 8 July 2010 entitled "Decision on the Prosecution's Urgent Request for Variation of the Time-Limit to Disclose the Identity of Intermediary 143 or Alternatively to Stay Proceedings Pending Further Consultations with the VWU", Appeals Chamber, 18 October 2010. Bibliography Ahlbrecht, Heiko: Geschichte der völkerrechtlichen Strafgerichtsbarkeit im 20. Jahrhundert, Baden-Baden, 1999.


98. Trechsel, Stefan, and Summers, Sarah: Human rights in criminal proceedings, Oxford, 2005.


99. Brady, Helen J.: Setting the Record Straight: A Short Note on Disclosure and 'the Record of the Proceedings', in: Fischer, Horst, Kreß, Claus, and Lüder, Sascha Rolf, eds., International and National Prosecution of Crimes Under International Law: Current Developments, Berlin, 2001, 261-273.


100. Arnould, Joseph, Sir: Life of Thomas, first Lord Denman, formerly Lord Chief Justice of England, Vol. 2 of 2, Boston, 1874.


101. Jackson, Robert Houghwout: Some Problems in Developing an International Legal System, 22 Temple Law Quarterly 2 (1948), 147-158.


102. Taylor, Telford: The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials, New York, NY, 1992.


103. Fawcett, James E.: The application of the European Convention on Human Rights, (2 nd ed.), Oxford, 1987.


104. May, Allyson Nancy: The bar and the Old Bailey, 1750-1850, Chapel Hill, 2003.


105. Brennan, William J. Junior: The Criminal Prosecution: Sporting Event or the Quest for Truth? 3 Washington University Law Quarterly 3 (1963), 279-295.


106. Fernández de Gurmendi, Silvia A.: The Elaboration of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence, in: Lee, Roy S., eds., The International Criminal Court: Elements of Crimes and Rules of Procedure and Evidence, Ardsley, NY, 2001, 235-257.


107. Fisher, Stanley Z.: The Ethical Duty to Seek Exculpatory Evidence in Police Hands, 68 Fordham Law Review (2000), 101-200.


108. Ascensio, Hervé: The French Perspective, in: Reginbogin, Herbert R., and Safferling, Christoph J. M., eds., The Nuremberg Trials -International Criminal Law Since 1945 / Die Nürnberger Prozesse -Völkerstrafrecht seit 1945, Saur, 2006, 39-43.


109. Stavros, Stephanos: The Guarantees for Accused Persons under Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, Dordrecht/Boston/London, 1993.


110. Lee, Roy S.: The International Criminal Court: Elements of Crimes and Rules of Procedure and Evidence, Ardsley, NY, 2001.


111. N. N.: The Jencks Legislation: Problems in Prospect, 67 Yale Law Journal (1958), 674- 699.


112. Kay, Stephen: The Move from Oral Evidence to Written Evidence, 2 Journal of International Criminal Justice (2004), 495-502.


113. Dession, George H.: The New Rules of Federal Criminal Procedure: I, 55 Yale Law Journal (1946), 694-714.


114. Eser, Albin: Das Internationale Militärtribunal von Nürnberg aus deutscher Perspektive, in: Reginbogin, Herbert R., and Safferling, Christoph J. M., eds., The Nuremberg Trials -International Criminal Law Since 1945 / Die Nürnberger Prozesse -Völkerstrafrecht seit 1945, Munich, 2006, 53-58.


115. Jones, John R. W. D.: The practice of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, (2 nd ed.), Ardsley, NY, 2000.


116. Orfield, Lester B.: The Preliminary Draft of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure (Part I), 22 Texas Law Review (1943), 37-72.


117. Harmon, Mark B.: The Pre-Trial Process at the ICTY as a Means of Ensuring Expeditious Trials, 5 (2007), 377-393.


118. Katz Cogan, Jacob: The Problem of Obtaining Evidence for International Courts and Tribunals, 22 Human Rights Quarterly (2000), 404-427.


119. Wallach, Evan J.: The Procedural And Evidentiary Rules of the Post-World War II War Crimes Trials: Did They Provide An Outline For International Legal Procedure? 37 The Columbia Journal of Transnational Law (1998-1999), 851- 884.


120. Zappalà, Salvatore: The Rights of the Accused, in: Cassese, Antonio, Gaeta, Paola, and Jones, John R., eds., The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: A Commentary, Oxford, 2002, 1319-1354.


121. Kirsch, Philippe, and Holmes, John T.: The Rome Conference on an International Criminal Court: The Negotiating Process, 93 American Journal of International Law (1999), 2-12.


122. Ambos, Kai: The Structure of International Criminal Procedure: 'Adversarial', 'Inquisitorial' or Mixed? in: Bohlander, Michael, ed., International criminal justice: a critical analysis of institutions and procedures, London, 2007, 429-503.


123. Hodgson, Jaqueline: Conceptions of the Trial in Inquisitorial and Adversarial Procedure, in: Duff, Antony, Farmer, Laindsay, Marshall, Sandra, and Tadros, Victor, eds., The Trial on Trial: Judgment and Calling to Account v. 2, Oxford, 2006, 223-242.


124. Leigh, Monroe: The Yugoslav Tribunal: Use of Unnamed Witnesses Against Accused, 90 American Journal of International Law (1996), 235-238.


125. Cerruti, Eugene L.: Through the Looking-Glass at the Brady Doctrine: Some New Reflections on White Queens, Hobgoblins and Due Process, 94 Kentucky Law Journal (2005-2006), 211.


126. Harris, Whitney R.: Tyranny on trial, (Rev. ed.), Dallas, 1999.


127. Nowak, Manfred: UNO-Pakt über bürgerliche und politische Rechte und Fakultativprotokoll, Kehl am Rhein, 1989.


128. Von der Lippe, Viktor: Nürnberger Tagebuchnotizen, Frankfurt a. M., 1951.


129. Tochilovsky, Vladimir: Indictment, disclosure, admissibility of evidence: jurisprudence of the ICTY and ICTR, Nijmegen, 2004.


130. Hassemer, Winfried: Die ''Funktionstüchtigkeit der Strafrechtspflege'' -ein neuer Rechtsbegriff? 2 Strafverteidiger 6 (1982), 275-280.


131. Leigh, Monroe: Witness Anonymity is Inconsistent with Due Process, 91 American Journal of International Law (1997), 80-83.


132. Taylor, Chris: Advance Disclosure: Reflections on the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act, 40 The Howard Journal 2 (2001), 114-125.


133. Schabas, William A.: The UN International criminal tribunals, Cambridge, 2006.


134. Traynor, Roger G.: Ground Lost and Found in Criminal Discovery, 39 N.Y.U. Law Review (1964), 228-250.


135. McMunigal, Kevin C.: Disclosure and Accuracy in the Guilty Plea Process, 40 Hastings Law Journal (1989), 957-1029.


136. Fairlie, Megan A.: Due Process Erosion, 34 California Western International Law Journal (2003), 47-83.


137. Mosteller, Robert P.: Discovery Against the Defense: Tilting the Adversarial Balance, 74 California Law Review (1986), 1567-1685.


138. Appleman, John Alan: Military Tribunals and International Crimes, Westport, 1971.


139. Kranzbühler, Otto: Nuremberg Eighteen Years Afterwards, 14 DePaul Law Review (1964-1965), 333-347.


140. Chaplin, Heman W.: Reform in Criminal Procedure, 7 Harvard Law Review (1895), 189-202.


141. Fletcher, Robert L.: Pretrial Discovery in State Criminal Cases, 12 Stanford Law Review (1960), 293.


142. Haensel, Carl: The Nuremburg Trial Revisited, 13 DePaul Law Review (1963-1964), 248-259.


143. Niblett, John: Disclosure in criminal proceedings, (Repr. ed.), Oxford, 1997.


144. Swoboda, Sabine: The ICC Disclosure Regime, 19 Criminal Law Forum 3-4 (2008), 449-472.