Diaspora und Mythos der Religion im Transnationalismus : Eine Analyse der Neureligion Tenrikyō

Das Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist die Analyse einer Religion im Transnationalismus bei Zugrundelegung religionswissenschaftlicher Kriterien des Begriffes Diaspora. Der Transnationalismus erfasst die ganze Bandbreite der Gesellschaften mit kulturell übergrenzenden “zerstreuten” ethnischen und reli...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Shimizu, Yoshiro
Contributors: Pye, Michael (Prof. Dr.) (Thesis advisor)
Format: Doctoral Thesis
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2020
Online Access:PDF Full Text
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Table of Contents: The aim of this paper is to analyse a religion in transnationalism on the basis of scientific criteria of the term diaspora. Transnationalism covers the whole range of societies with culturally transcending "dispersed" ethnic and religious groups such as immigrants, refugees, workers or with people with a mission in "foreign culture", in culturally and geographically diverse areas. On the other hand, since the term diaspora is also used for transnational groups in the sense of "dispersed", there is much room for interpretation for the terms. The term diaspora is currently being researched in an emphatically interdisciplinary and multi-layered manner in various cultural-scientific fields: sociology, ethnology, Christian theology, history, etc.; and diaspora research is being established in each scientific field on the basis of corresponding research guidelines. In transnational societies, the term is used even more frequently. What research directions can be found in such societies? Is there a clear discipline in religious studies on the term diaspora? The word diaspora goes back to the situation in which the Hellenistic Jewish people had to live in "foreign culture". The "dispersion" (diaspora) was mythologically to be understood and accepted by the Jewish people as God's punishment, and the return of the return of the entire people to the "Holy City" of Jerusalem was to follow God's forgiveness and bring final redemption. Therefore, it follows that the cross-border collective consciousness of ethnic and religious groups based on this concept is based on a myth. Crucially, the collective consciousness (of believers) is evoked by a myth. The myth then leads the believers back to the "original land" . The dispersion and the return, in this sense, are considered mythological action and redemption of the believers. There is first a terminological discussion here of the history of the diaspora. The significance of the diaspora is questioned from the perspective of religious studies. The significance of the myth of the diaspora is repeatedly in focus. The structures of a diaspora religion are presented in this study on the basis of the new religion Tenrikyō.