Entwicklung und Zusammenhang von konditionellen Leistungsfaktoren und Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball

Konditionelle Leistungsfaktoren und ihr Einfluss auf die Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball EINLEITUNG: Durch das komplexe Anforderungsprofil des professionellen Basketballs ist die Spielleistung auch von der athletischen Leistungsfähigkeit der Spieler bestimmt. Denn...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Latzel, Richard S.
Contributors: Beneke, Ralph (Prof. Dr.) (Thesis advisor)
Format: Dissertation
Language:German
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2017
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Table of Contents: Development and interrelation of physical fitness and game performance in elite junior and senior basketball INTRODUCTION: A high physiological and physical fitness seems essential for being successful in the complex, fast, and highly demanding nature of professional basketball. However, to date, only few studies were able to establish a connection between physical fitness and game performance (McGill et al., 2012). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the interrelation of physical fitness scores with game performance measures in German elite junior and senior basketball. METHODS: 89 players of the highest German basketball leagues ( JBBL: n=37, age: 14.8 ± 0.6 y, Height: 182.8 ± 7.6 cm, Weight: 67.6 ± 12.7 kg; NBBL: n=27, age: 17.0 ± 0.8 y, Height: 192.3 ± 7.8 cm, Weight: 80 ± 10.2 kg) as well as senior first league (BBL: n=25, age: 26.3 ± 3.6 y, Height: 196.0 ± 9.5 cm, Weight: 101.3 ± 9.8 kg) were recruited for the study. Pre-Seasonal fitness scores were obtained for speed (3/4-Court-Sprint (23m, s), 10x15m repeated sprint (RST, s)), jumping ability (no step vertical jump (NSVJ, cm), maximal vertical jump (MVJ, cm), 30s continuous jump (30s, W/kg)), agility (Lane Agility (LA, s), T-Test (MAT, s)) and endurance (YoYo IR1, m). In the following season, measures of game performance were obtained (games played, minutes per game, points scored, assists, rebounds, steals, blocks, and a compound score for effectiveness of minutes played (EFF)). RESULTS: In JBBL players, almost all fitness scores correlated significantly with one or more measures of game performance (p<0.05), with LAT having the highest influence on games played (r=-0.64), points scored (r=-0.66), assists (r=-0.63) and EFF (r=-0.64). For NBBL players, NSVJ, MVJ, RST, 23m, as well as LAT seem to be most important fitness qualities for minutes played, assists, and steals. In professional senior players, only NSVJ and MVJ correlated significantly with Rebounds, as well as LAT with steals. Furthermore, positional differences were found: in all age groups, LAT seemed to be the most important fitness quality for players of positions 1-3, and reach height in NSVJ for players of positions 4 and 5 for the most important measures of game performance for their respective positions. A comparison of this study's cohort's fitness scores with the fitness scores of international elite basketball players revealed a lower physical fitness of this study's cohort in all age groups. DISCUSSION: The findings of this study suggest the need of a high general physiological fitness for elite junior basketball, while a high general, and even higher specific physical fitness seems to be related to higher game performance in elite senior basketball. Hence, conditioning and athletic development should be more emphasized in German junior and senior elite basketball.