Verändert sich das gesundheits- und krankheitsbezogene Wissen von Vorschulkindern durch einen Besuch der "Teddyklinik Marburg"?

Die Relevanz des krankheits- und gesundheitsbezogenen Wissens von Kindern wird besonders im Hinblick auf die Gesundheitsförderung und Krankheitsprävention deutlich. Ein erweitertes Wissen über Krankheit, Gesundheit und den eigenen Körper führt zu vermehrt gesundheitsförderndem Verhalten. Vorhandene...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Kurtz, Larissa (geb. Badners)
Contributors: Maier, Rolf Felix (Prof. Dr.) (Thesis advisor)
Format: Doctoral Thesis
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Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2014
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Objective The “Teddy Bear Hospital” (TBH) is a medical students’ project, which has been established meanwhile in a number of countries. To evaluate the benefits of this concept, we have examined the effects of a German TBH on children’s knowledge about their body, health and disease. Methods Using a quasi-experimental pre-post design, we have examined 131 preschool children (study group: n = 79, control group: n = 52) aged 4.5 – 5.5 years from 14 German kindergartens with pictorial interview-based scales. The TBH-effectiveness was statistically tested by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: The ANCOVA revealed that the children who had attended the TBH had a significantly better knowledge concerning their body, health and disease than children from the control group. Conclusion: This German TBH is a good health education instrument for preschool children. Long-lasting effects and impact on the medical students who act as “teddy doctors” should be explored in further studies. Practice Implication: Attending the TBH can have a significant and relevant effect on the children’s knowledge and understanding of their body, health and disease. The findings of our study should be replicated in a larger multi-centre study, in which individual interviews with the children and a randomized design can be realized.