Unsupervised encoding selection through ensemble pruning for biomedical classification

Background: Owing to the rising levels of multi-resistant pathogens, antimicrobial peptides, an alternative strategy to classic antibiotics, got more attention. A crucial part is thereby the costly identification and validation. With the ever-growing amount of annotated peptides, researchers leve...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Spänig, Sebastian, Michel, Alexander, Heider, Dominik
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2023
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Summary:Background: Owing to the rising levels of multi-resistant pathogens, antimicrobial peptides, an alternative strategy to classic antibiotics, got more attention. A crucial part is thereby the costly identification and validation. With the ever-growing amount of annotated peptides, researchers leverage artificial intelligence to circumvent the cumbersome, wet-lab-based identification and automate the detection of promising candidates. However, the prediction of a peptide’s function is not limited to antimicrobial efficiency. To date, multiple studies successfully classified additional properties, e.g., antiviral or cell-penetrating effects. In this light, ensemble classifiers are employed aiming to further improve the prediction. Although we recently presented a workflow to significantly diminish the initial encoding choice, an entire unsupervised encoding selection, considering various machine learning models, is still lacking. Results: We developed a workflow, automatically selecting encodings and generating classifier ensembles by employing sophisticated pruning methods. We observed that the Pareto frontier pruning is a good method to create encoding ensembles for the datasets at hand. In addition, encodings combined with the Decision Tree classifier as the base model are often superior. However, our results also demonstrate that none of the ensemble building techniques is outstanding for all datasets. Conclusion: The workflow conducts multiple pruning methods to evaluate ensemble classifiers composed from a wide range of peptide encodings and base models. Consequently, researchers can use the workflow for unsupervised encoding selection and ensemble creation. Ultimately, the extensible workflow can be used as a plugin for the PEPTIDE REACToR, further establishing it as a versatile tool in the domain.
Item Description:Gefördert durch den Open-Access-Publikationsfonds der UB Marburg.
DOI:10.1186/s13040-022-00317-7