Scott Redford: A New Approach to the Permeability of Political Symbolism in Rum Seljuk Turkey


  • Philip Bockholt Freie Universität Berlin



Seljuks of Rum, 13th century, Symbolism


As his work transcends what is seen as iconography, from a strictly art history perspective, the choice of Scott Redford for portrayal in this rubric may seem surprising. However, regarding the applicability of iconographical approaches to the wider domain of cultural studies, precisely his adaptation of art history methods, which integrate disparate source material in a quest for meaning, sparked the interest of this issue of META.

For most scholars in the field of Islamic history, researching premodern times normally involves reading narrative sources, that is, chronicles. Despite the so-called "documentary turn" taking place in Mamluk and Ottoman Syria, scholars of the Middle East lack the vast array of archival material that is available to their colleagues working on Medieval Europe. Thus, taking into account other types of material generally neglected by historians might be useful (more in the tradition of archaeologists and art historians who do include material culture in general). This article discusses Scott Redford's approach to combining written sources, epigraphy, and archaeological findings of the Seljuks of Rum in 13th century Anatolia in order to gain more insight into the iconography of power in a remote Islamic past.


Philip Bockholt, Freie Universität Berlin

is a doctoral candidate in Islamic Studies at the Berlin Graduate School Muslim Cultures and Societies, Freie Universität Berlin. For his dissertation project, he is working on Khvandamir’s Persian universal history "Ḥabīb al-siyar" (early 16th century Iran). His main research interests are Islamic history of the premodern period, manuscript studies, and intellectual history of the Islamic world. 






Bockholt, P. „Scott Redford: A New Approach to the Permeability of Political Symbolism in Rum Seljuk Turkey“. Middle East - Topics & Arguments, Bd. 8, Mai 2017, S. 25-29, doi:10.17192/meta.2017.8.6213.



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