Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Marburg

Titel: Entwicklung und Zusammenhang von konditionellen Leistungsfaktoren und Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball
Autor: Latzel, Richard S.
Weitere Beteiligte: Beneke, Ralph (Prof. Dr.)
Veröffentlicht: 2017
URI: https://archiv.ub.uni-marburg.de/diss/z2017/0661
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:04-z2017-06614
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17192/z2017.0661
DDC: Erziehung, Schul- und Bildungswesen
Titel(trans.): Development and interrelation of physical fitness and game performance in elite junior and senior basketball
Publikationsdatum: 2017-09-20
Lizenz: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Dokument

Schlagwörter:
Leistungssport, Spielleistung, fitness, Basketball, performance, high performance sports, conditioning, Athletik, Kinder- und Jugendleistungssport, basketball, Kondition

Zusammenfassung:
Konditionelle Leistungsfaktoren und ihr Einfluss auf die Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball EINLEITUNG: Durch das komplexe Anforderungsprofil des professionellen Basketballs ist die Spielleistung auch von der athletischen Leistungsfähigkeit der Spieler bestimmt. Dennoch konnten bis dato nur wenige Studien eine direkte Verbindung zwischen Athletik und Spielleistung aufzeigen (McGill et al., 2012). Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war es daher, den Einfluss von basketballrelevanten konditionellen Fähigkeiten auf Komponenten der Spielleistung im deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketball zu untersuchen. METHODIK: 89 Spieler der höchsten deutschen Basketball Jugendligen ( JBBL: n=37, Alter: 14,8 ± 0,6 Jahre, Größe: 182,8 ± 7,6 cm, Gewicht: 67,6 ± 12,7 kg; NBBL: n=27, Alter: 17,0 ± 0,8 Jahre, Größe: 192,3 ± 7,8 cm, Gewicht: 80 ± 10,2 kg) sowie der 1. Bundesliga (BBL: n=25, Alter: 26,3 ± 3,6 Jahre, Größe: 196,0 ± 9,5 cm, Gewicht: 101,3 ± 9,8 kg) nahmen jeweils vor einer Saison an einer basketballspezifischen Leistungsdiagnostik teil. Alle Spieler durchliefen Tests der Schnelligkeit (21m-Sprint (23m, s), 10x15m Wiederholungssprinttest (RST, s)), Sprungkraft (No step vertical jump (NSVJ, cm), Maximal- sprung mit Anlauf (MVJ, cm), 30s Wiederholungssprungtest (30s, W/kg)), Agilität (Lane Agility (LA, s), T-Test (MAT, s)) und Ausdauer (YoYo IR1-Test (YoYo-IR1, m)). In der anschließenden Saison wurden ausgesuchte Parameter der Spielleistung erhoben (Anzahl der Spiele und Einsatzzeit, Punkte, Assists, Rebounds, Steals, Blocks, Effektivitätswert). ERGEBNISSE: Bei den JBBL- Spielern korrelierten nahezu alle erhobenen Fitnessdaten signifikant mit einem oder mehreren Merkmalen der Spielleistung (p<0,05), wobei LAT den größten Einfluss auf Einsatzzeit (r=-0,64), Punkte (r=-0,66), Assists (r=-0,64), Steals (r=-0,63) und Effektivitätswert (r=-0,64) hatte. Bei den NBBL-Spielern wiesen NSVJ, MVJ, RST, 23m und LAT ebenfalls einen signifikanten Zusammenhang mit Einsatzzeit, Assists und Steals auf. Bei den Profispielern korrelierten nur noch NSVJ and MVJ signifikant mit Rebounds und LAT signifikant mit Steals. Zudem wurden positionsspezifische Unterschiede festgestellt: in allen untersuchten Altersklassen korrelierten bei den Spielern der Positionen 1-3 vor allem die Leistungen in den Agilitätstests, und bei den Spielern der Positionen 4 und 5 vor allem die Reichhöhen im Standsprung mit den für ihre Positionen wichtigsten Parametern der Spielleistung. Der Vergleich mit der internationalen Leistungsspitze ergab ein insgesamt niedrigeres konditionelles Leistungsniveau des deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketballs. DISKUSSION: Diese Ergebnisse zeigen, dass im Nachwuchsleistungsbasketball eine hohe allgemeine Fitness die Grundlage hoher Spielleistung bildet, während im Profibasketball vor allem positionsspezifische Aspekte der Fitness einen direkten Einfluss auf ausgesuchte Parameter der Spielleistung nehmen. Dies, und der im internationalen Vergleich niedrigere konditionelle Leistungsstand erweisen, dass das Konditionstraining in der Trainingspraxis des deutschen Nachwuchsleistungs- und Profibasketballs eine deutliche Aufwertung erfahren sollte.

Summary:
Development and interrelation of physical fitness and game performance in elite junior and senior basketball INTRODUCTION: A high physiological and physical fitness seems essential for being successful in the complex, fast, and highly demanding nature of professional basketball. However, to date, only few studies were able to establish a connection between physical fitness and game performance (McGill et al., 2012). Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the interrelation of physical fitness scores with game performance measures in German elite junior and senior basketball. METHODS: 89 players of the highest German basketball leagues ( JBBL: n=37, age: 14.8 ± 0.6 y, Height: 182.8 ± 7.6 cm, Weight: 67.6 ± 12.7 kg; NBBL: n=27, age: 17.0 ± 0.8 y, Height: 192.3 ± 7.8 cm, Weight: 80 ± 10.2 kg) as well as senior first league (BBL: n=25, age: 26.3 ± 3.6 y, Height: 196.0 ± 9.5 cm, Weight: 101.3 ± 9.8 kg) were recruited for the study. Pre-Seasonal fitness scores were obtained for speed (3/4-Court-Sprint (23m, s), 10x15m repeated sprint (RST, s)), jumping ability (no step vertical jump (NSVJ, cm), maximal vertical jump (MVJ, cm), 30s continuous jump (30s, W/kg)), agility (Lane Agility (LA, s), T-Test (MAT, s)) and endurance (YoYo IR1, m). In the following season, measures of game performance were obtained (games played, minutes per game, points scored, assists, rebounds, steals, blocks, and a compound score for effectiveness of minutes played (EFF)). RESULTS: In JBBL players, almost all fitness scores correlated significantly with one or more measures of game performance (p<0.05), with LAT having the highest influence on games played (r=-0.64), points scored (r=-0.66), assists (r=-0.63) and EFF (r=-0.64). For NBBL players, NSVJ, MVJ, RST, 23m, as well as LAT seem to be most important fitness qualities for minutes played, assists, and steals. In professional senior players, only NSVJ and MVJ correlated significantly with Rebounds, as well as LAT with steals. Furthermore, positional differences were found: in all age groups, LAT seemed to be the most important fitness quality for players of positions 1-3, and reach height in NSVJ for players of positions 4 and 5 for the most important measures of game performance for their respective positions. A comparison of this study's cohort's fitness scores with the fitness scores of international elite basketball players revealed a lower physical fitness of this study's cohort in all age groups. DISCUSSION: The findings of this study suggest the need of a high general physiological fitness for elite junior basketball, while a high general, and even higher specific physical fitness seems to be related to higher game performance in elite senior basketball. Hence, conditioning and athletic development should be more emphasized in German junior and senior elite basketball.

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