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The objective for this dissertation was to understand the development of German-Russian film relations in different historical phases, to analyse the effects of political and economic changes to the film relations and to determine the importance for the process of globalization with it’s various forms of cultural transfer. For this purpose the thesis was divided into three main chapters that correspond to particular historical phases in regards to the development of film relations. It turned out that the development of German-Russian film relations was strongly influenced by politico-cultural events, which at times had an inhibiting effect (e.g. the Cold War and the construction of the Berlin Wall), at other times gave impulses for developing film relations (e.g. the German reunification and the perestroika in Russia). The German-Russian film relations were significantly formed by technical, political, economic and ideological moments. With begin of the 20th century, the film relations were mainly based on the transfer of technologies, whereas the economic targets in the early 20th century also included the incentive to strengthen the European film industry against the American.
After the Second World War and during the time of the Cold War the motivation for cooperation and for film export between Germany and Russia was mostly of political nature. After 1990, the German-Russian cultural relations have been put on a completely new level. In the era of globalization, Internet, international division of labour, the technical capabilities and goals of cooperation are very different to the ones during the Cold War. On the other hand, the initial euphoria, which was associated with the transformation processes in Russia, was rapidly disenchanted. The Analysis of audience ratings and box-office takings unfolded that films from Russia where hardly present in German cinemas. The same accounts for German films in Russia. Since 1990 the German-Russian film relations are facing a great many of financial and technical difficulties: transportation and customs, high loan fees and synchronization costs. To solve all these challenges and to further develop cooperation, it is important to continue the dialogue between both partners.