Evoked Potentials during Language Processing as Neurophysiological Phenomena

The evoked, event-related potential of the EEG has been extensively employed to study language processing. But what is the ERP? An extensive discussion of contemporary theories about the neurophysiology underlying late ERPs is given. Then, in a series of experiments, domain-general perspectives on E...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Sassenhagen, Jona
Contributors: Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina (Prof. Dr.) (Thesis advisor)
Format: Dissertation
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2014
Germanistische Sprachwissenschaft
Online Access:PDF Full Text
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!



3. Michel, C. M., & Murray, M. M. (2012). Towards the utilization of EEG as a brain imaging tool. Neuroimage, 61(2), 371–385.

4. J., Fink, G. R., et al. (2012). Nicotine effects on brain function during a visual oddball task: a comparison between conventional and EEG-informed fMRI analysis. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(8), 1682–1694.

5. Tian, B. (2001). Functional Specialization in Rhesus Monkey Auditory Cor- tex. Science, 292(5515), 290–293.

6. Busch, N. A., Dubois, J., & VanRullen, R. (2009). The phase of ongoing EEG oscillations predicts visual perception. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(24), 7869–7876.

7. Payzan-LeNestour, E., Dunne, S., Bossaerts, P., & O'Doherty, J. P. (2013). The Neural Representation of Unexpected Uncertainty during Value-Based De- cision Making. Neuron, 79(1), 191–201.

8. Johnson (Eds.), The mind as a scientific object: Between brain and culture (pp. 293–316). New York: Oxford University Press.

9. Kutas, M. M., & Dale, A. (1997). Electrical and magnetic readings of mental functions. In M. D. Rugg (Ed.), Cognitive Neuroscience (pp. 197–242). Hove East Sussex, UK: Psychology Press.

10. Lajtha, A., & Vizi, E. S. (2008). Handbook of neurochemistry and molecular neu- robiology: Neurotransmitter systems. (L. Abel, Ed.). Springer.

11. Servan-Schreiber, D., Printz, H., & Cohen, J. D. (1990). A network model of catecholamine effects: gain, signal-to-noise ratio, and behavior. Science, 249(4971), 892–895.

12. Michel, C. M., Murray, M. M., Lantz, G. o ran, Gonzalez, S., Spinelli, L., & Grave de Peralta, R. (2004). EEG source imaging. Clinical Neurophysiology: Of- ficial Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 115(10), 2195–2222.

13. Schweighofer, N., Tanaka, S. C., & Doya, K. (2007). Serotonin and the Evalu- ation of Future Rewards: Theory, Experiments, and Possible Neural Mecha- nisms. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1104(1), 289–300.

14. Kim, A. A., & Osterhout, L. (2005). The independence of combinatory seman- tic processing: Evidence from event-related potentials. Journal of Memory and Language, 52(2), 205–225.

15. Halgren, E., Dhond, R. P., Christensen, N., Van Petten, C., Marinkovic, K., Lewine, J. D., & Dale, A. M. (2002). N400-like Magnetoencephalography Responses Modulated by Semantic Context, Word Frequency, and Lexical Class in Sentences. Neuroimage, 17(3), 1101–1116.

16. Schultz, W., Dayan, P., & Montague, P. R. (1997). A neural substrate of pre- diction and reward. Science, 275(5306), 1593–1599.

17. Makeig, S., Westerfield, M., Jung, T.-P., Covington, J., Townsend, J., Sejnowski, T. J., & Courchesne, E. (1999). Functionally independent com- ponents of the late positive event-related potential during visual spatial attention. The Journal of Neuroscience, 19(7), 2665–2680.

18. Nieuwenhuis, S., Yeung, N., & Cohen, J. D. (2004). Stimulus modality, per- ceptual overlap, and the go/no-go N2. Psychophysiology, 41(1), 157–160.

19. Poli, R., Cinel, C., Citi, L., & Sepulveda, F. (2010). Reaction-time binning: a simple method for increasing the resolving power of ERP averages. Psy- chophysiology, 47(3), 467–485.

20. Ramachandran, V. S., & Hubbard, E. M. (2001). Synaesthesia–a window into perception, thought and language. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 8(12), 3– 34.

21. Bell, A. J., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1995). An information-maximization approach to blind separation and blind deconvolution. Neural computation, 7(6), 1129– 1159.

22. Kim, A. A., & Lai, V. V. (2012). Rapid interactions between lexical semantic and word form analysis during word recognition in context: evidence from ERPs. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(5), 1104–1112.

23. Palmer, J. A., Kreutz-Delgado, K., & Makeig, S. (2006). An Independent Com- ponent Analysis Mixture Model with Adaptive Source Densities. San Diego.

24. Sadaghiani, S., Scheeringa, R., Lehongre, K., Morillon, B., Giraud, A. L., & Kleinschmidt, A. (2010). Intrinsic Connectivity Networks, Alpha Oscillations, and Tonic Alertness: A Simultaneous Electroencephalog- raphy/Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(30), 10243–10250.

25. Moruzzi, G. G., & Magoun, H. W. (1949). Brain stem reticular formation and activation of the EEG. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 1(4), 455–473.

26. Rajkowski, J. (2004). Activation of Monkey Locus Coeruleus Neurons Varies With Difficulty and Performance in a Target Detection Task. Journal of neuro- physiology, 92(1), 361–371.

27. Gray, H. M., Ambady, N., Lowenthal, W. T., & Deldin, P. (2004). P300 as an index of attention to self-relevant stimuli. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40(2), 216–224.

28. Oliveira, F. T., McDonald, J. J., & Goodman, D. (2007). Performance moni- toring in the anterior cingulate is not all error related: expectancy deviation and the representation of action-outcome associations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(12), 1994–2004.

29. Marrocco, R. T., & Field, B. A. (2002). Arousal. In V. S. Ramachandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Human Brain (p. 235). USA: Elsevier Science.

30. Thurley, K., Senn, W., & Luscher, H. R. (2008). Dopamine Increases the Gain of the Input-Output Response of Rat Prefrontal Pyramidal Neurons. Journal of neurophysiology, 99(6), 2985–2997.

31. Botvinick, M. M., Cohen, J. D., & Carter, C. S. (2004). Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update. Trends in Cognitive Science, 8(12), 539–546.

32. Jung, T.-P., Makeig, S., Westerfield, M., Townsend, J., Courchesne, E., & Se- jnowski, T. J. (1999). Analyzing and visualizing single-trial event-related po- tentials. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 11, 118–124.

33. Potts, G. F., & Tucker, D. M. (2001). Frontal evaluation and posterior repre- sentation in target detection. Cognitive Brain Research, 11(1), 147–156.

34. Onton, J., Delorme, A., & Makeig, S. (2005). Frontal midline EEG dynamics during working memory. Neuroimage, 27(2), 341–356.

35. Schultz, W. (2002). Getting formal with dopamine and reward. Neuron, 36(2), 241–263.

36. Nigam, A., Hoffman, J. E., & Simons, R. F. (1992). N400 to semantically anomalous pictures and words. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 4(1), 15–22.

37. Krichmar, J. L. (2008). The Neuromodulatory System: A Framework for Survival and Adaptive Behavior in a Challenging World. Adaptive Behavior, 16(6), 385–399.

38. Jung, T.-P., Makeig, S., Humphries, C., Lee, T. W., McKeown, M. J., Iragui, V., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2000). Removing electroencephalographic artifacts by blind source separation. Psychophysiology, 37(2), 163–178.

39. Saxe, R. (2010). The right temporo-parietal junction: a specific brain region for thinking about thoughts. In A. M. Leslie (Ed.), Handbook of Theory of Mind (pp. 1–35). Taylor & Francis.

40. Burle, B., Roger, C., Allain, S., Vidal, F., & Hasbroucq, T. (2008). Error neg- ativity does not reflect conflict: a reappraisal of conflict monitoring and an- terior cingulate cortex activity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(9), 1637– 1655.

41. Rosnow, R. L., & Rosenthal, R. (1989). Statistical procedures and the justifi- cation of knowledge in psychological science. American Psychologist, 44(10), 1276. references Rouder, J. N., Speckman, P. L., Sun, D., Morey, R. D., & Iverson, G. (2009).

42. Holcomb, P. J., & Neville, H. J. (1990). Auditory and Visual Semantic Prim- ing in Lexical Decision: A Comparison Using Event-related Brain Potentials. Language and Cognitive Processes, 5(4), 281–312.

43. Norris, D., & McQueen, J. M. (2008). Shortlist B: A Bayesian model of con- tinuous speech recognition. Psychological review, 115(2), 357–395.

44. J. (2010). Monitoring in language perception: mild and strong conflicts elicit different ERP patterns. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(1), 67–82.

45. Yu, A. J., & Dayan, P. (2003). Expected and unexpected uncertainty: ACh and NE in the neocortex. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 173–180.

46. Song, S., Miller, K. D., & Abbott, L. F. (2000). Competitive Hebbian learn- ing through spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity. Nature Neuroscience, 3(9), 919–926.

47. Norris, D. (2006). The Bayesian reader: explaining word recognition as an optimal Bayesian decision process. Psychological review, 113(2), 327–357.

48. Oades, R. D., Zerbin, D., & Dittmann-Balcar, A. (1995). The topography of event-related potentials in passive and active conditions of a 3-tone auditory oddball test. International journal of neuroscience, 81(1-2), 249–264.

49. Yordanova, J., & Kolev, V. (1998). Event-related alpha oscillations are func- tionally associated with P300 during information processing. Neuroreport, 9(14), 3159–3164.

50. Bell, A. J. (2007). Towards a cross-level theory of neural learning. In 27th international workshop on Bayesian inference and maximum entropy methods in science and engineering, AIP Conference Proceedings (pp. 56–73).

51. Knight, R. T., Scabini, D., Woods, D. L., & Clayworth, C. C. (1989). Contri- butions of temporal-parietal junction lesions to the human auditory P300. Brain Research, 502(1), 109–116.

52. Potter, D. D., Pickles, C. D., Roberts, R. C., & Rugg, M. D. (1992). The ef- fects of scopolamine on event-related potentials in a continuous recognition memory task. Psychophysiology, 29(1), 29–37.

53. Macaluso, E., Driver, J., & Frith, C. D. (2003). Multimodal Spatial Representa- tions Engaged in Human Parietal Cortex during Both Saccadic and Manual Spatial Orienting. Current Biology, 13(12), 990–999.

54. McQuade, R., & Stanford, S. C. (2000). A microdialysis study of the no- radrenergic response in rat frontal cortex and hypothalamus to a condi- tioned cue for aversive, naturalistic environmental stimuli. Psychopharmacol- ogy, 148(2), 201–208.

55. Grodzinsky, Y., & Santi, A. (2008). The battle for Broca's region. Trends in Cognitive Science, 12(12), 474–480.

56. Carandini, T. S. I. N. M., Nauhaus, I., & Carandini, M. (2012). Traveling Waves in Visual Cortex. Neuron, 75(2), 218–229.

57. Macaluso, E., & Driver, J. (2005). Multisensory spatial interactions: a window onto functional integration in the human brain. Trends in Neurosciences, 28(5), 264–271.

58. Potter, D. D., Pickles, C. D., Roberts, R. C., & Rugg, M. D. (2000a). Scopo- lamine impairs memory performance and reduces frontal but not parietal visual P3 amplitude. Biological psychology, 52(1), 37–52.

59. Rugg, M. D., & Allan, K. (2000). Event-related potential studies of memory.

60. Husain, M., & Rorden, C. (2003). Non-spatially lateralized mechanisms in hemispatial neglect. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 4(1), 26–36.

61. Potter, D. D., Pickles, C. D., Roberts, R. C., & Rugg, M. D. (2000b). The effect of cholinergic receptor blockade by scopolamine on memory performance and the auditory P3. Journal of Psychophysiology, 14(1), 11–23.

62. Walton, M. E., Devlin, J. T., & Rushworth, M. F. S. (2004). Interactions be- tween decision making and performance monitoring within prefrontal cor- tex. Nature Neuroscience, 7(11), 1259–1265.

63. Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I., Kretzschmar, F., Tune, S., Wang, L., Gen\c c, S., Philipp, M., Roehm, D., et al. (2011). Think globally: cross-linguistic varia- tion in electrophysiological activity during sentence comprehension. Brain and language, 117(3), 133–152.

64. Rauschecker, J. P., & Scott, S. K. (2009). Maps and streams in the auditory cor- tex: nonhuman primates illuminate human speech processing. Nature Neu- roscience, 12(6), 718–724.

65. Parafoveal versus foveal N400s dissociate spreading activation from contextual fit. Neuroreport, 20(18), 1613–1618.

66. Schneider, G. E. (1969). Two visual systems. Science, 163(3870), 895–902.

67. Poggio, T. (2012). The Levels of Understanding framework, revised. Percep- tion, 41(9), 1017–1023.

68. Morrison, J. H., & Foote, S. L. (1986). Noradrenergic and serotoninergic in- nervation of cortical, thalamic, and tectal visual structures in Old and New World monkeys. The Journal of comparative neurology, 243(1), 117–138.

69. Mesulam, M.-M., & Geula, C. (1988). Nucleus basalis (Ch4) and cortical cholinergic innervation in the human brain: observations based on the dis- tribution of acetylcholinesterase and choline acetyltransferase. The Journal of comparative neurology, 275(2), 216–240.

70. Yerkes, R. M., & Dodson, J. D. (1908). The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habitformation. Journal of comparative neurology and psychology, 18(5), 459–482.

71. Oostenveld, R., & Oostendorp, T. F. (2002). Validating the boundary element method for forward and inverse EEG computations in the presence of a hole in the skull. Human brain mapping, 17(3), 179–192.

72. Hoffmann, S., & Falkenstein, M. (2010). Independent component analysis of erroneous and correct responses suggests online response control. Human brain mapping, 31(9), 1305–1315.

73. Kasamatsu, T., & Heggelund, P. (1982). Single cell responses in cat visual cortex to visual stimulation during iontophoresis of noradrenaline. Experi- mental brain research, 45(3), 317–327.

74. Jervis, B. W., Coelho, M., & Morgan, G. W. (1989). Spectral analysis of EEG responses. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 27(3), 230–238.

75. Effects of the noradrenergic agonist clonidine on temporal and spatial atten- tion. Psychopharmacology, 193(2), 261–269.

76. Conscious perception of errors and its relation to the anterior insula. Brain Struct Funct, 214(5-6), 629–643.

77. Nunez, P. L., & Srinivasan, R. (2010). Scale and frequency chauvinism in brain dynamics: too much emphasis on band oscillations. Brain Struct Funct, 215(2), 67–71.

78. Kutas, M. M., & Van Petten, C. (1988). Event-related brain potential studies of language. Advances in psychophysiology, 3, 139–187.

79. Miyazaki, K., Miyazaki, K. W., & Doya, K. (2012). The Role of Serotonin in the Regulation of Patience and Impulsivity. Molecular Neurobiology, 45(2), 213–224.

80. Yamamoto, K., Arai, H., & Nakayama, S. (1990). Skin conductance response after 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of central noradrenaline system in cats. Bi- ological psychiatry, 28(2), 151–160.

81. Limbic and sensory connections of the inferior parietal lobule (area PG) in the rhesus monkey: a study with a new method for horseradish peroxidase histochemistry. Brain Research, 136(3), 393–414.

82. Price, J. L., & Stern, R. (1983). Individual cells in the nucleus basalis-diagonal band complex have restricted axonal projections to the cerebral cortex in the rat. Brain Research, 269(2), 352–356.

83. Steinfels, G. F., Heym, J., Strecker, R. E., & Jacobs, B. L. (1983). Behavioral correlates of dopaminergic unit activity in freely moving cats. Brain Research, 258(2), 217–228.

84. Rasmussen, K., Strecker, R. E., & Jacobs, B. L. (1986). Single unit response of noradrenergic, serotonergic and dopaminergic neurons in freely moving cats to simple sensory stimuli. Brain Research, 369(1-2), 336–340.

85. Beck, E. C. (1965). Phase of Alpha Brain Waves, Reaction Time, and Visu- ally Evoked Potentials. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 18, 433–440.

86. Spehlmann, R. (1965). The averaged electrical responses to diffuse and to patterned light in the human. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysi- ology, 19(6), 560–569.

87. Squires, N. K., Squires, K. C., & Hillyard, S. A. (1975). Two varieties of long- latency positive waves evoked by unpredictable auditory stimuli in man. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 38(4), 387–401.

88. Pfurtscheller, G. (1992). Event-related synchronization (ERS): an electrophys- iological correlate of cortical areas at rest. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 83(1), 62–69.

89. Mecklinger, A. A., & Ullsperger, P. (1993). P3 varies with stimulus categoriza- tion rather than probability. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiol- ogy, 86(6), 395–407.

90. Halgren, E., Baudena, P., Clarke, J. M., Heit, G., Marinkovic, K., Devaux, B., Vignal, J.-P., et al. (1995). Intracerebral potentials to rare target and distractor auditory and visual stimuli. II. Medial, lateral and posterior temporal lobe. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 94(4), 229–250.

91. Johnson, S. W., Palmer, M. R., & Freedman, R. (1983). Effects of dopamine on spontaneous and evoked activity of caudate neurons. Neuropharmacology, 22(7), 843–851. 6.2 bibliography 231

92. Wesensten, N. J., & Badia, P. (1988). The P300 component in sleep. Physiology & Behavior, 44(2), 215–220.

93. Kutas, M. M., & Hillyard, S. A. (1980a). Reading between the lines: Event- related brain potentials during natural sentence processing. Brain and lan- guage, 11(2), 354–373.

94. Polich, J. (1985). Semantic categorization and event-related potentials. Brain and language, 26(2), 304–321.

95. Joseph, K. C., & Sitaram, N. (1989). The effect of clonidine on auditory P300. Psychiatry research, 28(3), 255–262.

96. Van Essen, D. C., & Maunsell, J. H. (1983). Hierarchical organization and functional streams in the visual cortex. Trends in Neurosciences, 6, 370–375.

97. Mishkin, M., Ungerleider, L. G., & Macko, K. A. (1983). Object vision and spatial vision: two cortical pathways. Trends in Neurosciences, 6, 414–417.

98. McCormick, D. A. (2002). Cholinergic and noradrenergic modulation of tha- lamocortical processing. Trends in Neurosciences, 12(6), 215–221.

99. Takeshita, S., & Ogura, C. (1994). Effect of the dopamine D2 antagonist sulpiride on event-related potentials and its relation to the law of initial value. Int J Psychophysiol, 16(1), 99–106.

100. Kutas, M. M., & Hillyard, S. A. (1980c). Event-related brain potentials to se- mantically inappropriate and surprisingly large words. Biological psychology, 11(2), 99–116.

101. Kok, A., & De Jong, H. L. (1980). Components of the event-related poten- tial following degraded and undegraded visual stimuli. Biological psychology, 11(2), 117–133.

102. Breton, F., Ritter, W., Simson, R., & Vaughan, H. G. (1988). The N2 compo- nent elicited by stimulus matches and multiple targets. Biological psychology, 27(1), 23–44.

103. Bigl, V., Woolf, N. J., & Butcher, L. L. (1982). Cholinergic projections from the basal forebrain to frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, and cingulate cor- tices: a combined fluorescent tracer and acetylcholinesterase analysis. Brain Research Bulletin, 8(6), 727–749.

104. Pineda, J. A., & Swick, D. (1992). Visual P3-like potentials in squirrel mon- key: effects of a noradrenergic agonist. Brain Research Bulletin, 28(3), 485–491.

105. Pineda, J. A., & Westerfield, M. (1993). Monkey P3 in an " oddball " paradigm: pharmacological support for multiple neural sources. Brain Research Bulletin, 31(6), 689–696.

106. Swick, D., Pineda, J. A., & Foote, S. L. (1994). Effects of systemic clonidine on auditory event-related potentials in squirrel monkeys. Brain Research Bulletin, 33(1), 79–86.

107. Sara, S. J., Vankov, A., & Hervé, A. (1994). Locus coeruleus-evoked responses in behaving rats: a clue to the role of noradrenaline in memory. Brain Re- search Bulletin, 35(5), 457–465.

108. Osterhout, L., & Holcomb, P. J. (1992). Event-related brain potentials elicited by syntactic anomaly. Journal of Memory and Language, 31(6), 785–806.

109. Verleger, R., Heide, W., Butt, C., & Kömpf, D. (1994). Reduction of P3b in patients with temporo-parietal lesions. Cognitive Brain Research, 2(2), 103– 116.

110. McCormick, D. A., & Bal, T. (1994). Sensory gating mechanisms of the tha- lamus. Current opinion in neurobiology, 4(4), 550–556.

111. Hillyard, S. A. (2009). Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) and Cognitive Pro- cessing. In L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 13–18). Oxford: Academic Press.

112. Van Petten, C., & Luka, B. J. (2006). Neural localization of semantic con- text effects in electromagnetic and hemodynamic studies. Brain and language, 97(3), 279–293.

113. Steinhauer, K., & Drury, J. E. (2012). On the early left-anterior negativity (ELAN) in syntax studies. Brain and language, 120(2), 135–162.

114. Uylings, H. B. M., Groenewegen, H. J., & Kolb, B. (2003). Do rats have a prefrontal cortex? Behavioural Brain Research, 146(1-2), 3–17.

115. Klinkenberg, I., Sambeth, A., & Blokland, A. (2011). Acetylcholine and atten- tion. Behavioural Brain Research, 221(2), 430–442.

116. Osinsky, R., Hewig, J., Alexander, N., & Hennig, J. u rgen. (2012). COMT Val158Met genotype and the common basis of error and conflict monitoring. Brain Research, 1452, 108–118.

117. Sarter, M., Hasselmo, M. E., Bruno, J. P., & Givens, B. (2005). Unraveling the attentional functions of cortical cholinergic inputs: interactions between signal-driven and cognitive modulation of signal detection. Brain research reviews, 48(1), 98–111.

118. Pineda, J. A. (2005). The functional significance of mu rhythms: translating " seeing " and " hearing " into " doing " . Brain research reviews, 50(1), 57–68.

119. Sarter, M., Gehring, W. J., & Kozak, R. (2006). More attention must be paid: The neurobiology of attentional effort. Brain research reviews, 51(2), 145–160.

120. Sawaki, R., & Katayama, J. (2008). Distractor P3 is associated with attentional capture by stimulus deviance. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 119(6), 1300–1309.

121. Viola, F. C., Thorne, J., Edmonds, B., Schneider, T., Eichele, T., & Debener, S. (2009). Semi-automatic identification of independent components represent- ing EEG artifact. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 120(5), 868–877.

122. Verleger, R. (2010). Popper and P300: Can the view ever be falsified that P3 latency is a specific indicator of stimulus evaluation? Clinical Neurophysiol- ogy: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 121(8), 1371–1372.

123. Spronk, D. B., Veth, C. P. M., Arns, M., Schofield, P. R., Dobson-Stone, C., Ramaekers, J. G., Franke, B., et al. (2013). DBH -1021C>T and COMT Val108/158Met genotype are not associated with the P300 ERP in an audi- tory oddball task. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(5), 909–915.

124. Hoeks, J. C. J., Stowe, L. A., & Doedens, G. (2004). Seeing words in context: the interaction of lexical and sentence level information during reading. Cog- nitive Brain Research, 19(1), 59–73.

125. Bornkessel, I. D., Fiebach, C. J., & Friederici, A. D. (2004). On the cost of syntactic ambiguity in human language comprehension: an individual dif- ferences approach. Cognitive Brain Research, 21(1), 11–21.

126. Jackendoff, & Pinker. (2005). The nature of the language faculty and its im- plications for evolution of language (Reply to Fitch, Hauser, and Chomsky). Cognition, 97(2), 15–15.

127. Jepma, M., Wagenmakers, E. J., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2012). Temporal expecta- tion and information processing: a model-based analysis. Cognition, 122(3), 426–441.

128. Hurley, L. M., Devilbiss, D. M., & Waterhouse, B. D. (2004). A matter of fo- cus: monoaminergic modulation of stimulus coding in mammalian sensory networks. Current opinion in neurobiology, 14(4), 488–495.

129. Beauchamp, M. S. (2005). See me, hear me, touch me: multisensory integra- tion in lateral occipital-temporal cortex. Current opinion in neurobiology, 15(2), 145–153.

130. L. (2004). The effects of covert attention and stimulus complexity on the P3 response during an auditory continuous performance task. Int J Psychophys- iol, 54(3), 221–230.

131. Bladin, P. F. (2006). W. Grey Walter, pioneer in the electroencephalogram, robotics, cybernetics, artificial intelligence. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 13(2), 170–177.

132. Kotchoubey, B. (2006). Event-related potentials, cognition, and behavior: a biological approach. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 30(1), 42–65.

133. Klimesch, W., Sauseng, P., Hanslmayr, S., Gruber, W., & Freunberger, R. (2007). Event-related phase reorganization may explain evoked neural dy- namics. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 31(7), 1003–1016.

134. Mäkinen, V., Tiitinen, H., & May, P. (2005). Auditory event-related responses are generated independently of ongoing brain activity. Neuroimage, 24(4), 961–968.

135. Klimesch, W., Hanslmayr, S., Sauseng, P., & Gruber, W. R. (2006). Distin- guishing the evoked response from phase reset: A comment to Mäkinen et al. Neuroimage, 29(3), 808–811.

136. Risner, M. L., Aura, C. J., Black, J. E., & Gawne, T. J. (2009). The Visual Evoked Potential is independent of surface alpha rhythm phase. Neuroimage, 45(2), 463–469.

137. Klimesch, W., Sauseng, P., & Gruber, W. (2009). The functional relevance of phase reset. Neuroimage, 47(1), 5–7.

138. Risner, M., Aura, C., Black, J., & Gawne, T. (2009). Phase-sorting of evoked potentials: Pitfalls but potential. Neuroimage, 47(4), 1830–1831.

139. Swick, D., Ashley, V., & Turken, U. (2011). Are the neural correlates of stop- ping and not going identical? Quantitative meta-analysis of two response inhibition tasks. Neuroimage, 56(3), 1655–1665.

140. Saxe, R., & Wexler, A. (2005). Making sense of another mind: The role of the right temporo-parietal junction. Neuropsychologia, 43(10), 1391–1399.

141. McIntosh, R. D., & Schenk, T. (2009). Two visual streams for perception and action: Current trends. Neuropsychologia, 47(6), 1391–1396.

142. Zaborszky, L., Buhl, D. L., Pobalashingham, S., Bjaalie, J. G., & Nadasdy, Z. (2005). Three-dimensional chemoarchitecture of the basal forebrain: Spatially specific association of cholinergic and calcium binding protein- containing neurons. Neuroscience, 136(3), 697–713.

143. Sauseng, P., Klimesch, W., Gruber, W. R., Hanslmayr, S., Freunberger, R., & Doppelmayr, M. (2007). Are event-related potential components generated by phase resetting of brain oscillations? A critical discussion. Neuroscience, 146(4), 1435–1444.

144. Schweimer, J. V., & Ungless, M. A. (2010). Phasic responses in dorsal raphe serotonin neurons to noxious stimuli. Neuroscience, 171(4), 1209–1215.

145. Perner, J., & Aichhorn, M. (2008). Theory of mind, language and the tem- poroparietal junction mystery. Trends in Cognitive Science, 12(4), 123–126.

146. Holroyd, C. B., & Yeung, N. (2012). Motivation of extended behaviors by anterior cingulate cortex. Trends in Cognitive Science, 16(2), 122–128.

147. Ungless, M. A. (2004). Dopamine: the salient issue. Trends in Neurosciences, 27(12), 702–706.

148. Sarter, M., & Bruno, J. P. (1997). Cognitive functions of cortical acetylcholine: toward a unifying hypothesis. Brain research reviews, 23(1-2), 28–46.

149. Pan, J., Takeshita, T., & Morimoto, K. (2000). P300 habituation from auditory single-stimulus and oddball paradigms. Int J Psychophysiol, 37(2), 149–153.

150. Polich, J., & Margala, C. (1997). P300 and probability: comparison of oddball and single-stimulus paradigms. Int J Psychophysiol, 25(2), 169–176.

151. Lange, J. J., Wijers, A. A., Mulder, L. J., & Mulder, G. (1998). Color selection and location selection in ERPs: differences, similarities and 'neural speci- ficity'. Biological psychology, 48(2), 153–182.

152. Gu, Q. (2002). Neuromodulatory transmitter systems in the cortex and their role in cortical plasticity. Neuroscience, 111(4), 815–835.

153. Van Berkum, J. A., Zwitserlood, P., Hagoort, P., & Brown, C. M. (2003). When and how do listeners relate a sentence to the wider discourse? Evidence from the N400 effect. Cognitive Brain Research, 17(3), 701–718.

154. Olivares, E. I., Iglesias, J., & Antonieta Bobes, M. (1999). Searching for face- specific long latency ERPs: a topographic study of effects associated with mismatching features. Cognitive Brain Research, 7(3), 343–356. 6.2 bibliography 245

155. Sabatino, M., Cromwell, H. C., Cepeda, C., Levine, M. S., & La Grutta, V. ( 1999). Acetylcholine receptor activation enhances NMDA-mediated re- sponses in the rat neostriatum. Neurophysiologie clinique = Clinical neurophys- iology, 29(6), 482–489.

156. Bruin, K. J., & Wijers, A. A. (2002). Inhibition, response mode, and stimulus probability: a comparative event-related potential study. Clinical Neurophysi- ology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 113(7), 1172–1182.

157. Kähkönen, S., Ahveninen, J., Pekkonen, E., Kaakkola, S., Huttunen, J., Il- moniemi, R. J., & Jääskeläinen, I. P. (2002). Dopamine modulates involun- tary attention shifting and reorienting: an electromagnetic study. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neuro- physiology, 113(12), 1894–1902.

158. Perrin, F., García-Larrea, L., Mauguière, F., & Bastuji, H. (1999). A differen- tial brain response to the subject's own name persists during sleep. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neuro- physiology, 110(12), 2153–2164.

159. Sutoh, T., Yabe, H., Sato, Y., Hiruma, T., & Kaneko, S. (2000). Event-related desynchronization during an auditory oddball task. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 111(5), 858–862.

160. Dissociable Components of Error Processing. Journal of Psychophysiology, 19(4), 319–329.

161. Bernstein, P. S., Scheffers, M. K., & Coles, M. G. (1995). " Where did I go wrong? " A psychophysiological analysis of error detection. Journal of Exper- imental Psychology: Human perception and performance, 21(6), 1312.

162. Besson, M. M., & Kutas, M. M. (1993). The many facets of repetition: A cued-recall and event-related potential analysis of repeating words in same versus different sentence contexts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learn- ing, Memory, and Cognition, 19(5), 1115.

163. Rösler, F. (2005). From single-channel recordings to brain-mapping devices: The impact of electroencephalography on experimental psychology. History of psychology, 8(1), 95–117.

164. Makeig, S. (1993). Auditory event-related dynamics of the EEG spectrum and effects of exposure to tones. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neuro- physiology, 86(4), 283–293.

165. Ullman, M. T. (2001). A neurocognitive perspective on language: the declar- ative/procedural model. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 2(10), 717–726.

166. Markson, L., & Bloom, P. A. (1997). Evidence against a dedicated system for word learning in children. Nature, 385(6619), 813–815.

167. Electrocorticography linkshuman temporoparietal junctionto visual percep- tion. Nature Neuroscience, 15(7), 957–959.

168. Canli, T., & Lesch, K.-P. (2007). Long story short: the serotonin transporter in emotion regulation and social cognition. Nature Neuroscience, 10(9), 1103– 1109.

169. Ranganath, C., & Rainer, G. (2003). Cognitive neuroscience: Neural mecha- nisms for detecting and remembering novel events. Nature Reviews. Neuro- science, 4(3), 193–202.

170. Brown, R. E., & Milner, P. M. (2003). The legacy of Donald O. Hebb: more than the Hebb synapse. (Vol. 4). Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada. rebrown@dal.ca. 6.2 bibliography 213

171. Redgrave, P., & Gurney, K. (2006). The short-latency dopamine signal: a role in discovering novel actions? Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 7(12), 967–975.

172. Stein, B. E., & Stanford, T. R. (2008). Multisensory integration: current issues from the perspective of the single neuron. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 9(4), 255–266.

173. Cabeza, R., Ciaramelli, E., Olson, I. R., & Moscovitch, M. (2008). The parietal cortex and episodic memory: an attentional account. Nature Reviews. Neuro- science, 9(8), 613–625.

174. Button, K. S., Ioannidis, J. P. A., Mokrysz, C., Nosek, B. A., Flint, J., Robinson, E. S. J., & Munafò, M. R. (2013). Power failure: why small sample size un- dermines the reliability of neuroscience. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 14(5), 365–376.

175. Weinshenker, D., & Schroeder, J. P. (2006). There and back again: a tale of norepinephrine and drug addiction. Neuropsychopharmacology, 32(7), 1433– 1451.

176. Kimura, F., Fukuda, M., & Tsumoto, T. (1999). Acetylcholine suppresses the spread of excitation in the visual cortex revealed by optical recording: possi- ble differential effect depending on the source of input. The European journal of neuroscience, 11(10), 3597–3609.

177. Kobayashi, M., Imamura, K., Sugai, T., Onoda, N., Yamamoto, M., Komai, S., & Watanabe, Y. (2000). Selective suppression of horizontal propagation in rat visual cortex by norepinephrine. The European journal of neuroscience, 12(1), 264–272.

178. Berger, H. (1929). Über das Elektrenkephalogramm des Menschen. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 87, 527–570.

179. Rauschecker, J. P., & Tian, B. (2000). Mechanisms and streams for process- ing of " what " and " where " in auditory cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97(22), 11800–11806.

180. Wetzels, R., Grasman, R. P. P. P., & Wagenmakers, E. J. (2012). A Default Bayesian Hypothesis Test for ANOVA Designs. The American Statistician, 66(2), 104–111.

181. Hagoort, P., Brown, C. M., & Groothusen, J. (1993). The syntactic positive shift (sps) as an erp measure of syntactic processing. Language and Cognitive Processes, 8(4), 439–483.

182. Kutas, M. M., Delong, K. A., & Smith, N. J. (2011). A look around at what lies ahead: Prediction and predictability in language processing. In M. Bar (Ed.), Predictions in the brain: Using our past to generate a future (pp. 190–207).

183. Klein, C. (2010). Images are not the evidence in neuroimaging. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 61(2), 265–278.

184. Selden, N. R., Gitelman, D. R., Salamon-Murayama, N., Parrish, T. B., & Mesulam, M.-M. (1998). Trajectories of cholinergic pathways within the cere- bral hemispheres of the human brain. Brain, 121 ( Pt 12), 2249–2257.

185. Buxhoeveden, D. P. (2002). The minicolumn hypothesis in neuroscience. Brain, 125(5), 935–951.

186. Picard, N., & Strick, P. L. (1996). Motor areas of the medial wall: a review of their location and functional activation. Cerebral Cortex, 6(3), 342–353.

187. McCarthy, G., Puce, A., Belger, A., & Allison, T. (1999). Electrophysiological studies of human face perception. II: Response properties of face-specific potentials generated in occipitotemporal cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 9(5), 431– 444.

188. Shah, A. S. (2004). Neural Dynamics and the Fundamental Mechanisms of Event-related Brain Potentials. Cerebral Cortex, 14(5), 476–483. 6.2 bibliography 255

189. Benavides-Piccione, R. (2005). Catecholaminergic Innervation of Pyramidal Neurons in the Human Temporal Cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 15(10), 1584–1591.

190. Mitchell, J. P. (2007). Activity in Right Temporo-Parietal Junction is Not Se- lective for Theory-of-Mind. Cerebral Cortex, 18(2), 262–271.

191. Binder, J. R., Desai, R. H., Graves, W. W., & Conant, L. L. (2009). Where is the semantic system? A critical review and meta-analysis of 120 functional neuroimaging studies. Cerebral Cortex, 19(12), 2767–2796.

192. Salgado, H., Garcia-Oscos, F., Patel, A., Martinolich, L., Nichols, J. A., Dinh, L., Roychowdhury, S., et al. (2010). Layer-Specific Noradrenergic Modulation of Inhibition in Cortical Layer II/III. Cerebral Cortex, 21(1), 212–221.

193. Majerus, S., Attout, L., D'Argembeau, A., Degueldre, C., Fias, W., Maquet, P., Martinez Perez, T., et al. (2012). Attention Supports Verbal Short-Term Memory via Competition between Dorsal and Ventral Attention Networks. Cerebral Cortex, 22(5), 1086–1097.

194. Mars, R. B., Sallet, J., Schuffelgen, U., Jbabdi, S., Toni, I., & Rushworth, M. F. S. (2012). Connectivity-Based Subdivisions of the Human Right " Tem- poroparietal Junction Area " : Evidence for Different Areas Participating in Different Cortical Networks. Cerebral Cortex, 22(8), 1894–1903.

195. Functional organization of the neural language system: dorsal and ventral pathways are critical for syntax. Cerebral Cortex, 23(1), 139–147.

196. Zaborszky, L., Csordas, A., Mosca, K., Kim, J., Gielow, M. R., Vadasz, C., & Nadasdy, Z. (2013). Neurons in the Basal Forebrain Project to the Cortex in a Complex Topographic Organization that Reflects Corticocortical Connectiv- ity Patterns: An Experimental Study Based on Retrograde Tracing and 3D Reconstruction. Cerebral Cortex.

197. Jones, J. A., & Callan, D. E. (2003). Brain activity during audiovisual speech perception: an fMRI study of the McGurk effect. Neuroreport, 14(8), 1129– 1133.

198. Rugg, M. D., & Coles, M. G. (1995). Electrophysiology of mind: Event-related brain potentials and cognition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

199. Pederzolli, A. S., Tivarus, M. E., Agrawal, P., Kostyk, S. K., Thomas, M., Beversdorf, D. Q., & Thomas, K. M. (2008). Dopaminergic modulation of semantic priming in Parkinson disease. Cogn Behav Neurol, 21(3), 134–137.

200. Burkhardt, P. (2007). The P600 reflects cost of new information in discourse memory. Neuroreport, 18(17), 1851–1854.

201. Holroyd, C. B., Krigolson, O. E., & Lee, S. (2011). Reward positivity elicited by predictive cues. Neuroreport, 22(5), 249–252.

202. Warren, C. M., Tanaka, J. W., & Holroyd, C. B. (2011). What can topology changes in the oddball N2 reveal about underlying processes? Neuroreport, 22(17), 870–874.

203. Sherrington, C. (1929). Ferrier Lecture: Some Functional Problems Attaching to Convergence. Proc Biol Sci, 105(737), 332–362.

204. Yeung, N., & Summerfield, C. (2012). Metacognition in human decision- making: confidence and error monitoring. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 367(1594), 1310–1321.

205. Hajcak, G., McDonald, N., & Simons, R. F. (2003). To err is autonomic: Error- related brain potentials, ANS activity, and post-error compensatory behav- ior. Psychophysiology, 40(6), 895–903.

206. Yordanova, J., Kolev, V., & Polich, J. (2001). P300 and alpha event-related desynchronization (ERD). Psychophysiology, 38(1), 143–152.

207. Ulrich, R. R., & Miller, J. J. (2001). Using the jackknife-based scoring method for measuring LRP onset effects in factorial designs. Psychophysiology, 38(5), 816–827.

208. Nikulin, V. V., Linkenkaer-Hansen, K., Nolte, G., Lemm, S., M u ller, K. R., Il- moniemi, R. J., & Curio, G. (2007). A novel mechanism for evoked responses in the human brain. European Journal of Neuroscience, 25(10), 3146–3154.

209. Shalgi, S., Barkan, I., & Deouell, L. Y. (2009). On the positive side of error pro- cessing: error-awareness positivity revisited. European Journal of Neuroscience, 29(7), 1522–1532.

210. Besson, M. M., & Macar, F. (1987). An Event-Related Potential Analysis of Incongruity in Music and Other Non-Linguistic Contexts. Psychophysiology, 24(1), 14–25.

211. Nasman, V. T., & Rosenfeld, J. P. (1990). Parietal P3 response as an indicator of stimulus categorization: increased P3 amplitude to categorically deviant target and nontarget stimuli. Psychophysiology, 27(3), 338–350.

212. Guillem, F., N'Kaoua, B., Rougier, A., & Claverie, B. (1995). Intracranial to- pography of event-related potentials (N400/P600) elicited during a continu- ous recognition memory task. Psychophysiology, 32(4), 382–392.

213. Kopp, B., Rist, F., & Mattler, U. (1996). N200 in the flanker task as a neu- robehavioral tool for investigating executive control. Psychophysiology, 33(3), 282–294.

214. Yeung, N., Bogacz, R., Holroyd, C. B., & Cohen, J. D. (2004). Detection of syn- chronized oscillations in the electroencephalogram: An evaluation of meth- ods. Psychophysiology, 41(6), 822–832.

215. Yeung, N., Bogacz, R., Holroyd, C. B., Nieuwenhuis, S., & Cohen, J. D. (2007). Theta phase resetting and the error-related negativity. Psychophysi- ology, 44(1), 39–49.

216. Holroyd, C. B., Pakzad-Vaezi, K. L., & Krigolson, O. E. (2008). The feedback correct-related positivity: Sensitivity of the event-related brain potential to unexpected positive feedback. Psychophysiology, 45(5), 688–697.

217. Ridderinkhof, R. K., Ramautar, J. R., & Wijnen, J. G. (2009). To PE or not to PE: A P3-like ERP component reflecting the processing of response errors. Psychophysiology, 46(3), 531–538.

218. Potts, G. F., Martin, L. E., Kamp, S.-M., & Donchin, E. E. (2010). Neural re- sponse to action and reward prediction errors: Comparing the error-related negativity to behavioral errors and the feedback-related negativity to reward prediction violations. Psychophysiology, 48(2), 218–228.

219. Murphy, P. R., Robertson, I. H., Balsters, J. H., & O'connell, R. G. (2011). Pupillometry and P3 index the locus coeruleus-noradrenergic arousal func- tion in humans. Psychophysiology, 48(11), 1532–1543.

220. Yarkoni, T. (2009). Big correlations in little studies: Inflated fMRI correlations reflect low statistical power—Commentary on Vul et al.(2009). Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(3), 294–298.

221. Ritter, W., & Ruchkin, D. S. (1992). A review of event-related potential com- ponents discovered in the context of studying P3. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 658, 1–32.

222. HajiHosseini, A., & Holroyd, C. B. (2013). Frontal midline theta and N200 amplitude reflect complementary information about expectancy and out- come evaluation. Psychophysiology, 50(6), 550–562.

223. Entrainment of neuronal oscillations as a mechanism of attentional selection. Science, 320(5872), 110–113.

224. Bonini, F., Burle, B., Liegeois-Chauvel, C., Régis, J., Chauvel, P., & Vidal, F. (2014). Action monitoring and medial frontal cortex: leading role of supple- mentary motor area. Science, 343(6173), 888–891.

225. Sutton, S., Tueting, P., & John, E. R. (1967). Information delivery and the sensory evoked potential. Science, 155(3768), 1436–1439.

226. Holroyd, C. B., Coles, M. G. H., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2002). Medial prefrontal cortex and error potentials. Science, 296(5573), 1610–1611.

227. Yildirim, F. B., & Sarikcioglu, L. (2007). Marie Jean Pierre Flourens (1794 1867): an extraordinary scientist of his time. Journal of Neurology, Neuro- surgery & Psychiatry, 78(8), 852–852.

228. Soma, S., Shimegi, S., Osaki, H., & Sato, H. (2011). Cholinergic modulation of response gain in the primary visual cortex of the macaque. Journal of neurophysiology, 107(1), 283–291.

229. Kucyi, A., Hodaie, M., & Davis, K. D. (2012). Lateralization in intrinsic functional connectivity of the temporoparietal junction with salience-and attention-related brain networks. Journal of neurophysiology, 108(12), 3382– 3392.

230. Klimesch, W., Hanslmayr, S., Sauseng, P., Gruber, W. R., & Doppelmayr, M. (2006). P1 and Traveling Alpha Waves: Evidence for Evoked Oscillations. Journal of neurophysiology, 97(2), 1311–1318.

231. Olivares, E. I., Iglesias, J., & Rodriguez-Holguin, S. (2003). Long-latency ERPs and recognition of facial identity. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15(1), 136–151.

232. Kuperberg, G. R., Holcomb, P. J., Sitnikova, T., Greve, D., Dale, A. M., & Ca- plan, D. (2003). Distinct patterns of neural modulation during the process- ing of conceptual and syntactic anomalies. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 15(2), 272–293.

233. Brass, M., Ullsperger, M., Knoesche, T. R., Cramon, D. Y. V., & Phillips, N. A. (2005). Who comes first? The role of the prefrontal and parietal cortex in cognitive control. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(9), 1367–1375.

234. Besson, M. M., Kutas, M. M., & Van Petten, C. (1992). An Event-Related Potential (ERP) Analysis of Semantic Congruity and Repetition Effects in Sentences. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 4(2), 132–149.

235. Osterhout, L., McKinnon, R., Bersick, M., & Corey, V. (1996). On the lan- guage specificity of the brain response to syntactic anomalies: Is the syntac- tic positive shift a member of the P300 family? Journal of Cognitive Neuro- science, 8(6), 507–526.

236. Mathewson, K. E., Prudhomme, C., Fabiani, M., Beck, D. M., Lleras, A., & Gratton, G. (2012). Making waves in the stream of consciousness: entraining oscillations in EEG alpha and fluctuations in visual awareness with rhyth- mic visual stimulation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(12), 2321–2333.

237. Szabadi, E. (2013). Functional neuroanatomy of the central noradrenergic system. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 27(8), 659–693.

238. Brais, B. (1992). The third left frontal convolution plays no role in language: Pierre Marie and the Paris debate on aphasia (1906-1908). Neurology, 42(3 Pt 1), 690–695.

239. Millett, D. (2001). Hans Berger: From Psychic Energy to the EEG. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 44(4), 522–542.

240. Mueller, E. M., Makeig, S., Stemmler, G., Hennig, J. u rgen, & Wacker, J. (2011). Dopamine effects on human error processing depend on catechol-O- methyltransferase VAL158MET genotype. The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(44), 15818–15825.

241. Winters, B. D. (2006). Paradoxical Facilitation of Object Recognition Mem- ory after Infusion of Scopolamine into Perirhinal Cortex: Implications for Cholinergic System Function. The Journal of Neuroscience, 26(37), 9520–9529.

242. Beste, C., Kolev, V., Yordanova, J., Domschke, K., Falkenstein, M., Baune, B. T., & Konrad, C. (2010). The role of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism for the synchronization of error-specific neural networks. The Journal of Neuro- science, 30(32), 10727–10733.

243. Wen, X., Yao, L., Liu, Y., & Ding, M. (2012). Causal Interactions in Attention Networks Predict Behavioral Performance. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(4), 1284–1292.

244. Swann, N., Tandon, N., Canolty, R., Ellmore, T. M., McEvoy, L. K., Dreyer, S., DiSano, M., et al. (2009). Intracranial EEG reveals a time-and frequency- specific role for the right inferior frontal gyrus and primary motor cortex in stopping initiated responses. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(40), 12675–12685.

245. Miyazaki, K., Miyazaki, K. W., & Doya, K. (2011). Activation of Dorsal Raphe Serotonin Neurons Underlies Waiting for Delayed Rewards. The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(2), 469–479.

246. Raichle, M. E. (2009). A Paradigm Shift in Functional Brain Imaging. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(41), 12729–12734.

247. Hirata, A. (2006). Noradrenergic Activation Amplifies Bottom-Up and Top- Down Signal-to-Noise Ratios in Sensory Thalamus. The Journal of Neuro- science, 26(16), 4426–4436.

248. Krashen, S. D. (1985). The input hypothesis: Issues and implications (Vol. 1).

249. Meador, K. J., Loring, D. W., Adams, R. J., Patel, B. R., Davis, H. C., & Ham- mond, E. J. (1987). Central cholinergic systems and the P3 evoked potential. International journal of neuroscience, 33(3-4), 199–205.

250. Shomstein, S. (2012). Cognitive functions of the posterior parietal cortex: top- down and bottom-up attentional control. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience, 6, 38.

251. Mathewson, K. E., Lleras, A., Beck, D. M., Fabiani, M., Ro, T., & Gratton, G. (2011). Pulsed out of awareness: EEG alpha oscillations represent a pulsed- inhibition of ongoing cortical processing. Frontiers in psychology, 2(May), 99.

252. Kutas, M. M., & Hillyard, S. A. (1983). Event-related brain potentials to gram- matical errors and semantic anomalies. Memory & Cognition, 11(5), 539–550.

253. Towey, J., Rist, F., Hakerem, G., Ruchkin, D. S., & Sutton, S. (1980). N250 latency and decision time. Bull. Psychon. Soc, 15, 365–368.

254. K. (2003a). Electrophysiological correlates of anterior cingulate function in a go/no-go task: effects of response conflict and trial type frequency. Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience, 3(1), 17–26.

255. Posner, M. I., Rothbart, M. K., Sheese, B. E., & Tang, Y. (2007). The anterior cingulate gyrus and the mechanism of self-regulation. Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience, 7(4), 391–395.

256. Yarkoni, T., Balota, D. a, & Yap, M. (2008). Moving beyond Coltheart's N: A new measure of orthographic similarity. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 15(5), 971–979.

257. Nieuwenhuis, S. (2011). Learning, the P3, and the locus coeruleus- norepinephrine system. In R. B. Mars (Ed.), Neural basis of motivational and cognitive control (pp. 209–222). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

258. Holroyd, C. B., & Yeung, N. (2011). An integrative theory of anterior cingu- late cortex function: option selection in hierarchical reinforcement learning.

259. Verleger, R., Jakowski, P., & Wascher, E. (2005). Evidence for an integrative role of P3b in linking reaction to perception. Journal of Psychophysiology, 19(3), 165–181.

260. Botvinick, M. M., Braver, T. S., Barch, D. M., Carter, C. S., & Cohen, J. D. (2001). Conflict monitoring and cognitive control. Psychological review, 108(3), 624.

261. Ranade, S. P., & Mainen, Z. F. (2009). Transient Firing of Dorsal Raphe Neu- rons Encodes Diverse and Specific Sensory, Motor, and Reward Events. Jour- nal of neurophysiology, 102(5), 3026–3037.

262. Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I., & Schlesewsky, M. (2008). An alternative per- spective on " semantic P600 " effects in language comprehension. Brain re- search reviews, 59(1), 55–73.

263. Hahne, A., & Friederici, A. D. (2002). Differential task effects on semantic and syntactic processes as revealed by ERPs. Cognitive Brain Research, 13(3), 339–356.

264. Hahne, & Friederici, A. D. (1999). Electrophysiological evidence for two steps in syntactic analysis. Early automatic and late controlled processes. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 11(2), 194–205.

265. Mueller, J. L., Hahne, A., Fujii, Y., & Friederici, A. D. (2005). Native and non- native speakers' processing of a miniature version of Japanese as revealed by ERPs. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(8), 1229–1244.

266. Ullsperger, M., & von Cramon, D. Y. (2001). Subprocesses of Performance Monitoring: A Dissociation of Error Processing and Response Competition Revealed by Event-Related fMRI and ERPs. Neuroimage, 14(6), 1387–1401. 6.2 bibliography 259

267. Bornkessel, I. D., & Schlesewsky, M. (2006). The extended argument depen- dency model: a neurocognitive approach to sentence comprehension across languages. Psychological review, 113(4), 787–821.

268. The role of the medial frontal cortex in cognitive control. Science, 306(5695), 443–447.

269. To predict or not to predict: influences of task and strategy on the processing of semantic relations. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(8), 1259–1274.

270. Roehm, D., Bornkessel, I. D., Haider, H., & Schlesewsky, M. (2005). When case meets agreement: event-related potential effects for morphology-based conflict resolution in human language comprehension. Neuroreport, 16(8), 875–878.

271. Gunter, T. C., Stowe, L. a, & Mulder, G. (1997). When syntax meets semantics. Psychophysiology, 34(6), 660–676.

272. Ritter, P., & Becker, R. (2009). Detecting alpha rhythm phase reset by phase sorting: Caveats to consider. Neuroimage, 47(1), 1–4.

273. Brouwer, H., Fitz, H., & Hoeks, J. (2012). Getting real about semantic illu- sions: rethinking the functional role of the P600 in language comprehension. Brain Research, 1446, 127–143.

274. Hagoort, P., & Brown, C. M. (1999). Gender electrified: ERP evidence on the syntactic nature of gender processing. Journal of psycholinguistic research, 28(6), 715–728.

275. Bzdok, D., Langner, R., Schilbach, L., Jakobs, O., Roski, C., Caspers, S., Laird, A. R., et al. (2013). Characterization of the temporo-parietal junction by com- bining data-driven parcellation, complementary connectivity analyses, and functional decoding. Neuroimage, 81, 1–12.

276. Nieuwenhuis, S., Aston-Jones, G., & Cohen, J. D. (2005). Decision making, the P3, and the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system. Psychological bulletin, 131(4), 510–532.

277. Nieuwenhuis, S., Gilzenrat, M. S., Holmes, B. D., & Cohen, J. D. (2005). The Role of the Locus Coeruleus in Mediating the Attentional Blink: A Neu- rocomputational Theory. Journal of experimental psychology. General, 134(3), 291–307.

278. Holroyd, C. B., Nieuwenhuis, S., Yeung, N., & Cohen, J. D. (2003). Errors in reward prediction are reflected in the event-related brain potential. Neurore- port, 14(18), 2481–2484.

279. Gulledge, A. T. (2005). Cholinergic Inhibition of Neocortical Pyramidal Neu- rons. The Journal of Neuroscience, 25(44), 10308–10320.

280. Smith, J. L., Smith, E. a, Provost, A. L., & Heathcote, A. (2010). Sequence effects support the conflict theory of N2 and P3 in the Go/NoGo task. Int J Psychophysiol, 75(3), 217–226.

281. Nunez, P. L. (2000). Toward a quantitative description of large-scale neocor- tical dynamic function and EEG. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23(3), 371– 98;discussion399–437.

282. Parikh, V., & Sarter, M. (2008). Cholinergic Mediation of Attention. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1129(1), 225–235.

283. James, W. (1890). The Principles of Psychology (Vol. 1). New York: Henry Holt and Company.

284. Wronka, E., Kaiser, J., & Coenen, A. M. L. (2012). Neural generators of the auditory evoked potential components P3a and P3b. Acta neurobiologiae ex- perimentalis, 72(1), 51–64.

285. Wessel, J. R., Danielmeier, C., Morton, J. B., & Ullsperger, M. (2012). Surprise and error: common neuronal architecture for the processing of errors and novelty. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(22), 7528–7537.

286. Ullsperger, M., Danielmeier, C., & Jocham, G. (2014). Neurophysiology of Performance Monitoring and Adaptive Behavior. Physiological reviews, 94(1), 35–79.

287. When Errors Are Rewarding. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(39), 12183–12186.

288. Hagoort, P., & Brown, C. M. (2000). ERP effects of listening to speech com- pared to reading: the P600/SPS to syntactic violations in spoken sentences and rapid serial visual presentation. Neuropsychologia, 38(11), 1531–1549.

289. Osterhout, L. (1999). A superficial resemblance does not necessarily mean you are part of the family: Counterarguments to Coulson, King and Kutas (1998) in the P600/SPS-P300 debate. Language and Cognitive Processes, 14(1), 1–14.

290. Brown, C. M., & Hagoort, P. (1993). The processing nature of the N400: Evi- dence from masked priming. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 5(1), 34–44.

291. Structure and limited capacity in verbal working memory: A study with event-related potentials. Brain and language, 85(1), 1–36.

292. Hagoort, P., Hald, L., Bastiaansen, M. C. M., & Petersson, K.-M. (2004). Inte- gration of word meaning and world knowledge in language comprehension. Science, 304(5669), 438–441.

293. Mazaheri, A., & Jensen, O. (2008). Asymmetric Amplitude Modulations of Brain Oscillations Generate Slow Evoked Responses. The Journal of Neuro- science, 28(31), 7781–7787.

294. Jocham, G., & Ullsperger, M. (2009). Neuropharmacology of performance monitoring. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 33(1), 48–60.

295. Ullsperger, M. (2010). Genetic association studies of performance monitor- ing and learning from feedback: the role of dopamine and serotonin. Neuro- science and biobehavioral reviews, 34(5), 649–659.

296. Wessel, J. R., Danielmeier, C., & Ullsperger, M. (2011). Error awareness re- visited: accumulation of multimodal evidence from central and autonomic nervous systems. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(10), 3021–3036.

297. Ullsperger, M., & Debener, S. (2010). Simultaneous EEG and fMRI. Recording, Analysis, and Application. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

298. Jepma, M., Deinum, J., Asplund, C. L., Rombouts, S. A., Tamsma, J. T., Tjeerdema, N., Spapé, M. M., et al. (2011). Neurocognitive function in dopamine--hydroxylase deficiency. Neuropsychopharmacology, 36(8), 1608–1619.

299. Torta, D. M., & Cauda, F. (2011). Different functions in the cingulate cortex, a meta-analytic connectivity modeling study. Neuroimage, 56(4), 2157–2172.

300. Matsuhashi, M., Ikeda, A., Ohara, S., Matsumoto, R., Yamamoto, J., Takayama, M., Satow, T., et al. (2004). Multisensory convergence at human temporo-parietal junction – epicortical recording of evoked responses.

301. Rugg, M. D., & Doyle, M. C. (1992). Event-related potentials and recognition memory for low-and high-frequency words. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 4(1), 69–79.

302. Carlsson, A. (2001). A Paradigm Shift in Brain Research. Science, 294(5544), 1021–1024.

303. Schofield, B. R., Motts, S. D., & Mellott, J. G. (2011). Hearing Research. Hear- ing research, 279(1-2), 85–95.

304. Smith, J. L., & Douglas, K. M. (2011). Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 193(3), 177–181.

305. Roehm, D., Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I., & Schlesewsky, M. (2007). The inter- nal structure of the N400: frequency characteristics of a language-related ERP component. Chaos and Complexity Letters, 2(2), 365–395.

306. Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I., & Schlesewsky, M. (2013). Reconciling time, space and function: A new dorsal–ventral stream model of sentence comprehension. Brain and language, 125(1), 60–76.

307. Kuipers, J. R., & Thierry, G. (2011). N400 amplitude reduction correlates with an increase in pupil size. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5(June), 61. Kummerer, D., Hartwigsen, G., Kellmeyer, P., Glauche, V., Mader, I., Kloppel, S., Suchan, J., et al. (2013). Damage to ventral and dorsal language pathways in acute aphasia. Brain, 136(2), 619–629.

308. Urbach, T. P., & Kutas, M. M. (2002). The intractability of scaling scalp dis- tributions to infer neuroelectric sources. Psychophysiology, 39(6), 791–808.

309. Knight, R. T., & Scabini, D. (1998). Anatomic bases of event-related poten- tials and their relationship to novelty detection in humans. Journal of clinical neurophysiology: official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Soci- ety, 15(1), 3–13.

310. Stone, J. L., & Hughes, J. R. (2013). Early history of electroencephalography and establishment of the american clinical neurophysiology society. Journal of clinical neurophysiology: official publication of the American Electroencephalo- graphic Society, 30(1), 28–44.

311. Menon, V. V., Ford, J. M., Lim, K. O. K. O., Glover, G. H. G. H., & Pfef- ferbaum, A. (1997). Combined event-related fMRI and EEG evidence for temporal-parietal cortex activation during target detection. Neuroreport, 8(14), 3029–3037.

312. Langmoen, I. A., & Apuzzo, M. L. (2007). The brain on itself: Nobel laureates and the history of fundamental nervous system function. Neurosurgery, 61(5), 891–908.

313. Savli, M., Bauer, A., Mitterhauser, M., Ding, Y.-S., Hahn, A., Kroll, T., Neumeister, A., et al. (2012). Normative database of the serotonergic system in healthy subjects using multi-tracer PET. Neuroimage, 63(1), 447–459.

314. van der Stelt, O., & van Boxtel, G. J. M. (2008). Auditory P300 and mismatch negativity in comatose states. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 119(10), 2172–2174.

315. Sergeant, J., Geuze, R., & Winsum, W. (1987). Event-Related Desynchroniza- tion and P300. Psychophysiology, 24(3), 272–277.

316. Papeo, L., Longo, M. R., Feurra, M., & Haggard, P. (2010). The role of the right temporoparietal junction in intersensory conflict: detection or resolu- tion? Experimental brain research, 206(2), 129–139.

317. Mundale, J. (2002). Concepts of localization: Balkanization in the brain. Brain and Mind, 3(3), 313–330.

318. Marr, D. (1980). Visual information processing: the structure and creation of visual representations. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 290(1038), 199–218.

319. Lakatos, I. (1970). History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, 1970, 91–136.

320. Yu, A. J. (2005). ACh and NE: Bayes, Uncertainty, Attention, and Learning (Ph.D. thesis). University of London, London.

321. Ullman, M. T. (2005). A cognitive neuroscience perspective on second lan- guage acquisition: The declarative/procedural model. In C. Sanz (Ed.), Mind and context in adult second language acquisition (pp. 141–178). Georgetown Uni- versity Press.

322. Riese, W., & Hoff, E. C. (1951). A history of the doctrine of cerebral localiza- tion. II. Methods and main results. Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences, 6(4), 439–470.

323. Klimesch, W. (2012). Alpha-band oscillations, attention, and controlled ac- cess to stored information. Trends in Cognitive Science, 16(12), 606–617. Klimesch, W., Doppelmayr, M., Schwaiger, J., Winkler, T., & Gruber, W. (2000). Theta oscillations and the ERP old/new effect: independent phenom- ena? Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 111(5), 781–793.

324. Wolpert, D. M., Ghahramani, Z., & Jordan, M. I. (1995). An internal model for sensorimotor integration. Science, 269(5232), 1880–1882.

325. Yamaguchi, S., & Knight, R. T. (1991). Anterior and posterior association cortex contributions to the somatosensory P300. The Journal of Neuroscience, 11(7), 2039–2054.

326. Kutas, M. M., Neville, H. J., & Holcomb, P. J. (1987). A preliminary compar- ison of the N400 response to semantic anomalies during reading, listening and signing. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 39, 325–330.

327. Tiesinga, P. H., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2009). Attention: Models. In L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of neuroscience (pp. 849–855). Elsevier.

328. Körding, K. P., & Wolpert, D. M. (2006). Bayesian decision theory in sensori- motor control. Trends in Cognitive Science, 10(7), 319–326. references Krashen, S. D. (1981). Second language acquisition and second language learning. Oxford University Press.

329. Berger, P. D. H. (1913). Über die körperlichen Äuerungen psychischer Zustände. Naturwissenschaften, 1(36), 849–855.

330. Katz, P. S. (1999). Beyond neurotransmission: neuromodulation and its importance for information processing. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

331. Woody, C. D. (1967). Characterization of an adaptive filter for the analysis of variable latency neuroelectric signals. Medical and biological engineering, 5(6), 539–554.

332. Vogt, B. A., & Palomero-Gallagher, N. (2011). Cingulate Cortex. In J. K. Mai & G. Paxinos (Eds.), The Human Nervous System (pp. 943–987). Elsevier Inc. Wagenmakers, E. J., Wetzels, R., Borsboom, D., van der Maas, H. L. J., & Kievit, R. A. (2012). An agenda for purely confirmatory research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(6), 632–638.

333. Walter, W., Cooper, R., Aldridge, V. J., McCallum, W. C., & Winter, A. L. (1964). Contingent negative variation: an electric sign of sensori-motor asso- ciation and expectancy in the human brain. Nature, 203, 380–384.

334. Knight, R. T. (1996). Contribution of human hippocampal region to novelty detection. Nature, 383(6597), 256–259.

335. Berger, H. (1935a). Das Elektrenkephalogramm des Menschen. Die Naturwis- senschaften, 23(121-124), 1–4. references Berger, H. (1935b). Über das Elektrenkephalogramm des Menschen. X. Mit- teilung. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience,( 103), 443– 454.

336. Jiménez Capdeville, M. E., Dykes, R. W., & Myasnikov, A. A. (1997). Dif- ferential control of cortical activity by the basal forebrain in rats: a role for both cholinergic and inhibitory influences. Journal of comparative neurology and psychology, 381(1), 53–67.

337. Rousselet, G. A. (2012). Does Filtering Preclude Us from Studying ERP Time- Courses? Frontiers in psychology, 3.

338. Wijnants, M. L., Cox, R. F. A., Hasselman, F., Bosman, A. M. T., & Van Or- den, G. (2013). Does sample rate introduce an artifact in spectral analysis of continuous processes? Frontiers in physiology, 3.

339. Kruschke, J. K. (2010). Doing Bayesian Data Analysis: A Tutorial Introduction with R. Academic Press.

340. Molina-Luna, K., Pekanovic, A., Röhrich, S., Hertler, B., Schubring-Giese, M., Rioult-Pedotti, M.-S., & Luft, A. R. (2009). Dopamine in Motor Cortex Is Necessary for Skill Learning and Synaptic Plasticity. PloS one, 4(9), e7082. Molinaro, N., Barber, H. a, & Carreiras, M. (2011). Grammatical agreement processing in reading: ERP findings and future directions. Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, 47(8), 908–930.

341. Hollerman, J. R., & Schultz, W. (1998). Dopamine neurons report an error in the temporal prediction of reward during learning. Nature Neuroscience, 1(4), 304–309.

342. Gross, C. G. (1987). Early history of neuroscience. Encyclopedia of neuroscience, 2, 843–846.

343. Pineda, J. A., Foote, S. L., & Neville, H. J. (1989). Effects of locus coeruleus lesions on auditory, long-latency, event-related potentials in monkey. The Journal of Neuroscience, 9(1), 81–93.

344. Jasper, H. H., & Carmichael, L. (1935). Electrical potentials from the intact human brain. Science, 81(2089), 51–53.

345. Makeig, S., & Onton, J. (2012). ERP Features ad EEG Dynamics: An ICA Perspective. In S. J. Luck & E. S. Kappenman (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potential Components. Cambridge: Oxford University Press.

346. Tenke, C. E., & Kayser, J. (2008). ERP generators within the longitudinal fis- sure: Are putative inverses flawed? Program No. 872.28. In 2008 Neuroscience Meeting Planner, Washington, Soc Neurosci.

347. Kotchoubey, B. I., Jordan, J. S., Grözinger, B., Westphal, K. P., & Kornhuber, H. H. (1996). Eventrelated brain potentials in a variedset memory search task: A reconsideration. Psychophysiology, 33(5), 530–540.

348. Pfurtscheller, G., Lopes da Silva, F. H., & da Silva, F. L. (1999). Event-related EEG/MEG synchronization and desynchronization: basic principles. Clin- ical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 110(11), 1842–1857.

349. Sentences in the brain: Event-related potentials as real-time reflections of sentence comprehension and language learning. In M. Carreiras, C. Clifton, & C. E (Eds.), The on-line study of sentence comprehension: Eyetracking, ERPs, and beyond (pp. 271–308). New York: Psychology Press.

350. Bentin, S., McCarthy, G., & Wood, C. C. (1985). Event-related potentials, lex- ical decision and semantic priming. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neu- rophysiology, 60(4), 343–355.

351. Callejas, A., Shulman, G. L., & Corbetta, M. (2011). False Belief vs. False Photographs: A Test of Theory of Mind or Working Memory? Frontiers in psychology, 2, 316.

352. Pinto, L., Goard, M. J., Estandian, D., Xu, M., Kwan, A. C., Lee, S.-H., Har- rison, T. C., et al. (2013). Fast modulation of visual perception by basal fore- brain cholinergic neurons. Nature Neuroscience.

353. Roerig, B., Nelson, D. A., & Katz, L. C. (1997). Fast synaptic signaling by nicotinic acetylcholine and serotonin 5-HT3 receptors in developing visual cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 17(21), 8353–8362.

354. Widmann, A., & Schröger, E. (2012). Filter Effects and Filter Artifacts in the Analysis of Electrophysiological Data. Frontiers in psychology, 3(July), 233. Wiesenfeld, K., & Moss, F. (1995). Stochastic resonance and the benefits of noise: from ice ages to crayfish and SQUIDs. Nature, 373(6509), 33–36.

355. Schack, B., & Klimesch, W. (2002). Frequency characteristics of evoked and oscillatory electroencephalic activity in a human memory scanning task. Neuroscience Letters, 331(2), 107–110. references Schiff, N. D. (2008). Central Thalamic Contributions to Arousal Regula- tion and Neurological Disorders of Consciousness. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1129(1), 105–118.

356. Yarkoni, T. (2011). Functional MRI in Health Psychology and beyond: A call for caution. European Health Psychologist, 13, 61–64.

357. Samuels, E. R., & Szabadi, E. (2008). Functional neuroanatomy of the no- radrenergic locus coeruleus: its roles in the regulation of arousal and au- tonomic function part I: principles of functional organisation. Current neu- ropharmacology, 6(3), 235.

358. Tan, K. R., Yvon, C., Turiault, M., Mirzabekov, J. J., Doehner, J., Labouèbe, G., Deisseroth, K., et al. (2012). GABA Neurons of the VTADrive Conditioned Place Aversion. Neuron, 73(6), 1173–1183.

359. Salinas, E., & Thier, P. (2000). Gain modulation: A major computational prin- ciple of the central nervous system. Neuron, 27, 15–21.

360. Zawidzki, T., & Bechtel, W. (2004). $_Gall's Legacy Revisited. Decomposi- tion and Localization in Cognitive Neuroscience$. In C. E. Erneling & D. M.

361. glossary 6.2 bibliography 209

362. Haas, L. F. (2003). Hans Berger (1873-1941), Richard Caton (1842-1926), and electroencephalography. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 74(1), 9. references Hagoort, P. (2003). How the brain solves the binding problem for language: a neurocomputational model of syntactic processing. Neuroimage, 20,S18–S29.

363. Nitz, D. A., & McNaughton, B. L. (1999). Hippocampal EEG and unit activity responses to modulation of serotonergic median raphe neurons in the freely behaving rat. Learning & Memory, 6(2), 153–167.

364. Haas, H. L., Sergeeva, O. A., & Selbach, O. (2008). Histamine in the nervous system. Physiological reviews, 88(3), 1183–1241.

365. Tatum, W. O., Benbadis, S. R., Hussain, A., Al-Saadi, S., Kaminski, B., Heri- aud, L. S., & Vale, F. L. (2008). Ictal EEG remains the prominent predictor of seizure-free outcome after temporal lobectomy in epileptic patients with normal brain MRI. Seizure, 17(7), 631–636. references Tecuapetla, F., Patel, J. C., Xenias, H., English, D., Tadros, I., Shah, F., Berlin, J., et al. (2010). Glutamatergic Signaling by Mesolimbic Dopamine Neurons in the Nucleus Accumbens. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(20), 7105–7110.

366. Rousselet, G. A., & Pernet, C. R. (2012). Improving standards in brain- behavior correlation analyses. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 119. de Rover, M., Brown, S. B. R. E., Boot, N., Hajcak, G., van Noorden, M. S., van der Wee, N. J. a, & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2011). Beta receptor-mediated mod- ulation of the late positive potential in humans. Psychopharmacology, 219(4), 971–979.

367. Rasmusson, D. D., Smith, S. A., & Semba, K. (2007). Inactivation of pre- frontal cortex abolishes cortical acetylcholine release evoked by sensory or sensory pathway stimulation in the rat. Neuroscience, 149(1), 232–241. references Rauschecker, J. P. (1998). Cortical processing of complex sounds. Current opinion in neurobiology, 8(4), 516–521.

368. Knecht, S., Breitenstein, C., Bushuven, S., Wailke, S., Kamping, S., Fl o el, A., Zwitserlood, P., et al. (2004). Levodopa: faster and better word learning in normal humans. Annals of neurology, 56(1), 20–26. 6.2 bibliography 233

369. Cahill, L., & McGaugh, J. L. (1996). Modulation of memory storage. Current opinion in neurobiology, 6(2), 237–242. references Cahill, L., & McGaugh, J. L. (1998). Mechanisms of emotional arousal and lasting declarative memory. Trends in Neurosciences, 21(7), 294–299.

370. Schultz, W. (2007). Multiple Dopamine Functions at Different Time Courses. Annual review of neuroscience, 30(1), 259–288.

371. Palva, S., & Palva, J. M. (2007). New vistas for -frequency band oscillations. Trends in Neurosciences, 30(4), 150–158.

372. Kawaguchi, Y., & Shindou, T. (1998). Noradrenergic excitation and inhibition of GABAergic cell types in rat frontal cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 18(17), 6963–6976.

373. Kok, A. (1988). Overlap between P300 and movement-related-potentials: a response to Verleger. Biological psychology, 27(1), 51–58.

374. Miltner, W. H., Brauer, J., Hecht, H., Trippe, R., & Coles, M. G. (2004). Parallel brain activity for self-generated and observed errors. In Errors, conflicts, and the brain. Current opinions on performance monitoring (pp. 124–129). Dortmund. references Mirenowicz, J., & Schultz, W. (1996). Preferential activation of midbrain dopamine neurons by appetitive rather than aversive stimuli. Nature, 379(6564), 449–451.

375. Pritchard, W. S., Shappell, S. A., & Brandt, M. E. (1991). Psychophysiology of N200/N400: A review and classification scheme. Advances in psychophysi- ology, 4, 43–106.

376. Bucci, D. J., Holland, P. C., & Gallagher, M. (1998). Removal of cholinergic input to rat posterior parietal cortex disrupts incremental processing of con- ditioned stimuli. The Journal of Neuroscience, 18(19), 8038–8046.

377. Wang, C. (2005). Responses of Human Anterior Cingulate Cortex Mi- crodomains to Error Detection, Conflict Monitoring, Stimulus-Response 6.2 bibliography 261

378. Kawaguchi, Y. (1997). Selective cholinergic modulation of cortical GABAer- gic cell subtypes. Journal of neurophysiology, 78(3), 1743–1747.

379. Walz, J. M., Goldman, R. I., Carapezza, M., Muraskin, J., Brown, T. R., & Sajda, P. (2013). Simultaneous EEG-fMRI Reveals Temporal Evolution of Coupling between Supramodal Cortical Attention Networks and the Brain- stem. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(49), 19212–19222.

380. Rasmussen, K., Morilak, D. A., & Jacobs, B. L. (1986). Single unit activity of locus coeruleus neurons in the freely moving cat. I. During naturalistic behaviors and in response to simple and complex stimuli. Brain Research, 371(2), 324–334.

381. Roberts, M. J., & Thiele, A. (2008). Spatial integration and its moderation by attention and acetylcholine. Frontiers in bioscience: a journal and virtual library, 13, 3742–3759.

382. West, R., & Bell, M. a. (1997). Stroop color-word interference and electroen- cephalogram activation: evidence for age-related decline of the anterior at- tention system. Neuropsychology, 11(3), 421–427. references Wester, J. C., & Contreras, D. (2013). Differential Modulation of Spontaneous and Evoked Thalamocortical Network Activity by Acetylcholine Level In Vitro. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(45), 17951–17966.

383. Grant, G. (2006). The 1932 and 1944 Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine: Rewards for Ground-Breaking Studies in Neurophysiology. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 15(4), 341–357.

384. The ability of the mesocortical dopamine system to operate in distinct tem- poral modes. Psychopharmacology, 191(3), 609–625. references Luu, P., Tucker, D. M., Derryberry, D., Reed, M., & Poulsen, C. (2003). Elec- trophysiological Responses to Errors and Feedback in the Process of Action Regulation. Psychological science, 14(1), 47–53.

385. Petersen, S. E., & Posner, M. I. (2012). The Attention System of the Human Brain: 20 Years After. Annual review of neuroscience, 35(1), 73–89.

386. Sejnowski, T. J. (1999). The Book of Hebb Minireview. Neuron, 24, 773–776.

387. Halliday, R., Naylor, H., Brandeis, D., Callaway, E., Yano, L., & Herzig, K. (1994). The effect of D-amphetamine, clonidine, and yohimbine on human information processing. Psychophysiology, 31(4), 331–337.

388. Schroeder, C. E., & Lakatos, P. (2009). The gamma oscillation: master or slave? Brain topography, 22(1), 24–26.

389. Walter, W. G. (1936). The location of cerebral tumours by electro- encephalography. The Lancet, 228(5893), 305–308.

390. Poeppel, D. (2012). The maps problem and the mapping problem: Two chal- lenges for a cognitive neuroscience of speech and language. Cognitive neu- ropsychology, 29(1-2), 34–55. references Poeppel, D., & Embick, D. (2004). Defining the relation between linguis- tics and neuroscience. Twenty-first century psycholinguistics: Four cornerstones, 103–118.

391. Jonides, J., Lewis, R. L., Nee, D. E., Lustig, C. a, Berman, M. G., & Moore, K. S. (2008). The mind and brain of short-term memory. Annual review of psychology, 59(August), 193–224.

392. In R. B. Mars (Ed.), The Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

393. Niedermeyer, E. (1999). The Normal EEG of the Waking Adult. In E. Nie- dermeyer & F. Lopes da Silva (Eds.), Electroencephal-ography: Basic Principles, Clinical Applications and Related Fields. (pp. 149–173). Baltimore MD: Lippin- cott Williams & Wilkins.

394. Hubbard, E., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2003). The phenomenology of synaes- thesia. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(8), 49–57. references Hubel, D. H., & Wiesel, T. N. (1962). Receptive fields, binocular interaction and functional architecture in the cat's visual cortex. The Journal of Physiology, 160(1), 106.

395. Simson, R., Vaughan, H. G., & Ritter, W. (1977). The scalp topography of potentials in auditory and visual discrimination tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 42(4), 528–535.

396. Dopamine modulates persistent synaptic activity and enhances the signal-to-noise ratio in the prefrontal cortex. PloS one, 4(8), e6507. Krummenacher, P., Mohr, C., Haker, H., & Brugger, P. (2010). Dopamine, paranormal belief, and the detection of meaningful stimuli. Journal of Cogni- tive Neuroscience, 22(8), 1670–1681.

397. Van Valin, R. D. (2005). The Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface: An Intro- duction to Role and Reference Grammar. Cambridge University Press.

398. van Veen, V., & Carter, C. S. (2002). The timing of action-monitoring pro- cesses in the anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14(4), 593–602. references Verleger, R. (1988). Event-related potentials and cognition: A critique of the context updating hypothesis and an alternative interpretation of P3. Behav- ioral and Brain Sciences, 11(3), 343–356.

399. Kutas, M. M., & Federmeier, K. D. (2011). Thirty years and counting: finding meaning in the N400 component of the event-related brain potential (ERP).

400. Sherman, S. M. (2001). Tonic and burst firing: dual modes of thalamocortical relay. Trends in Neurosciences, 24(2), 122–126.

401. Ozaki, T. J., Sato, N., Kitajo, K., Someya, Y., Anami, K., Mizuhara, H., Ogawa, S., et al. (2012). Traveling EEG slow oscillation along the dorsal attention network initiates spontaneous perceptual switching. Cognitive neurodynam- ics, 6(2), 185–198. references Pa, J., & Hickok, G. (2008). A parietal–temporal sensory–motor integration area for the human vocal tract: Evidence from an fMRI study of skilled musicians. Neuropsychologia, 46(1), 362–368.

402. Milner, A. D., & Goodale, M. A. (2008). Two visual systems re-viewed. Neu- ropsychologia, 46(3), 774–785.

403. From N400 to N300: Variations in the timing of semantic processing with repetition. Neuroimage, 61(1), 206–215.

404. Marr, D. (1982). Vision: A computational investigation in the human repre- sentation of visual information.

405. Madison, D. V., Lancaster, B., & Nicoll, R. A. (1987). Voltage clamp analysis of cholinergic action in the hippocampus. The Journal of Neuroscience, 7(3), 733–741.

406. Bogen, J. E., & Bogen, G. M. (1975). Wernicke's region–Where is it? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 280, 834–843.

407. Redgrave, P., Gurney, K., & Reynolds, J. (2008). What is reinforced by phasic dopamine signals? Brain research reviews, 58(2), 322–339.

408. Kirschstein, T., & Köhling, R. (2009). What is the Source of the EEG? Clinical EEG and Neuroscience, 40(3), 146–149.

409. Nieuwland, M. S., & Van Berkum, J. A. (2006). When peanuts fall in love: N400 evidence for the power of discourse. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(7), 1098–1111. references Nieuwland, M. S., Martin, A. E., & Carreiras, M. (2013). Event-related brain potential evidence for animacy processing asymmetries during sentence comprehension. Brain and language, 126(2), 151–158.

410. Knott, V. J., Harr, A., & Ilivitsky, V. (1999). Separate and combined effects of scopolamine and mecamylamine on human eventrelated brain potentials.

411. Meador, K. J., Nichols, M. E., Franke, P., Durkin, M. W., Oberzan, R. L., Moore, E. E., & Loring, D. W. (1993). Evidence for a central cholinergic effect of highdose thiamine. Annals of neurology, 34(5), 724–726. 6.2 bibliography 241

412. Topographical distribution of dorsal and median raphe neurons projecting to motor, sensorimotor, and visual cortical areas in the rat. The Journal of comparative neurology, 249(4), 460–76–478–81.

413. Mesulam, M.-M., Hersh, L. B., Mash, D. C., & Geula, C. (1992). Differential cholinergic innervation within functional subdivisions of the human cere- bral cortex: a choline acetyltransferase study. The Journal of comparative neu- rology, 318(3), 316–328.

414. Huster, R. J., Westerhausen, R., Pantev, C., & Konrad, C. (2010). The role of the cingulate cortex as neural generator of the N200 and P300 in a tactile response inhibition task. Human brain mapping, 31(8), 1260–1271.

415. Boullin, D. J., Adams, C. B., & Boulay, G. H. (1978). Human behavioural arousal induced by dopamine. British journal of clinical pharmacology, 6(4), 369–370. references Bouret, S., & Richmond, B. J. (2009). Relation of locus coeruleus neurons in monkeys to Pavlovian and operant behaviors. Journal of neurophysiology, 101(2), 898–911.

416. Simpson, D. (2005). Phrenology and the neurosciences: contributions of F. J.

417. Vankov, A., Hervé-Minvielle, A., & Sara, S. J. (1995). Response to novelty and its rapid habituation in locus coeruleus neurons of the freely exploring rat. The European journal of neuroscience, 7(6), 1180–1187.

418. Verleger, R. (1997). On the utility of P3 latency as an index of mental chronometry. Psychophysiology, 34(2), 131–156.

419. May, P. J. C., & Tiitinen, H. (2010). Mismatch negativity (MMN), the deviance-elicited auditory deflection, explained. Psychophysiology, 47(1), 66–122. references Mazaheri, A. (2006). Posterior activity is not phase-reset by visual stimuli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 103(8), 2948–2952.

420. McClelland, J. L. (1998). Complementary learning systems in the brain. A connectionist approach to explicit and implicit cognition and memory. An- nals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 843, 153–169.

421. Matsuda, I., Nittono, H., & Ogawa, T. (2013). Identifying concealment- related responses in the concealed information test. Psychophysiology, 50(7), 617–626.

422. Perrin, F., Maquet, P., Peigneux, P., Ruby, P., Degueldre, C., Balteau, E., Del Fiore, G., et al. (2005). Neural mechanisms involved in the detection of our first name: a combined ERPs and PET study. Neuropsychologia, 43(1), 12–19. 6.2 bibliography 247

423. Perrin, F., Schnakers, C., Schabus, M., Degueldre, C., Goldman, S., Brédart, S., Faymonville, M.-E., et al. (2006). Brain response to one's own name in veg- etative state, minimally conscious state, and locked-in syndrome. Archives of neurology, 63(4), 562–569.

424. Bledowski, C., Prvulovic, D., Hoechstetter, K., Scherg, M., Wibral, M., Goebel, R., & Linden, D. E. J. (2004). Localizing P300 generators in visual target and distractor processing: a combined event-related potential and functional magnetic resonance imaging study. The Journal of Neuroscience, 24(42), 9353–9360.

425. Bayesian t tests for accepting and rejecting the null hypothesis. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 16(2), 225–237.

426. Sayers, B. M., Beagley, H. A., & Henshall, W. R. (1974). The mechanism of auditory evoked EEG responses. Nature, 247, 481–483.

427. Kutas, M. M. (1988). Review of event-related potential studies of memory.

428. Bilder, R. M., Volavka, J., Lachman, H. M., & Grace, A. A. (2004). The Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Polymorphism: Relations to the Tonic–Phasic Dopamine Hypothesis and Neuropsychiatric Phenotypes. Neuropsychophar- macology, 29(11), 1943–1961.

429. Straube, B., Green, A., Jansen, A., Chatterjee, A., & Kircher, T. (2010). So- cial cues, mentalizing and the neural processing of speech accompanied by gestures. Neuropsychologia, 48(2), 382–393.

430. Palomero-Gallagher, N., Vogt, B. A., Schleicher, A., Mayberg, H. S., & Zilles, K. (2009). Receptor architecture of human cingulate cortex: Evaluation of the four-region neurobiological model. Human brain mapping, 30(8), 2336–2355.

431. Neural integration of speech and gesture in schizophrenia: Evidence for differential processing of metaphoric gestures. Human brain mapping, n/a– n/a.

432. Ullsperger, M., Fischer, A. G., Nigbur, R., & Endrass, T. (2014). Neural mech- anisms and temporal dynamics of performance monitoring. Trends in Cogni- tive Science.

433. Rushby, J. a, & Barry, R. J. (2007). Event-related potential correlates of phasic and tonic measures of the orienting reflex. Biological psychology, 75(3), 248– 259.

434. Kutas, M. M., & Donchin, E. E. (1978). Variations in the latency of P300 as a function of variations in semantic categorizations. Multidisciplinary perspec- tives in event-related brain potential research, 600, 9–77. 6.2 bibliography 235

435. Osterhout, L., Allen, M. D., McLaughlin, J., & Inoue, K. (2002). Brain poten- tials elicited by prose-embedded linguistic anomalies. Memory & Cognition, 30(8), 1304–1312.

436. Butler, R. A. (1968). Effect of changes in stimulus frequency and intensity on habituation of the human vertex potential. J Acoust Soc Am, 44(4), 945–950.

437. Ventral and dorsal pathways of speech perception: an intracerebral ERP study. Brain and language, 127(2), 273–283.

438. Koelsch, S., Kasper, E., Sammler, D., Schulze, K., Gunter, T., & Friederici, A. D. (2004). Music, language and meaning: brain signatures of semantic processing. Nature Neuroscience, 7(3), 302–307.

439. Shomstein, S., Lee, J., & Behrmann, M. (2010). Top-down and bottom-up attentional guidance: investigating the role of the dorsal and ventral parietal cortices. Experimental brain research, 206(2), 197–208.

440. Grunwald, T. (2008). Novelty detection and memory processes within the human hippocampus. Annals of General Psychiatry, 7(Suppl 1), S91.

441. Posner, M. I., & Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Research on Attention Networks as a Model for the Integration of Psychological Science. Annual review of psychology, 58(1), 1–23.

442. Schultz, W. (2010). Dopamine signals for reward value and risk: basic and recent data. Behavioral and Brain Functions, 6, 24.

443. Bhattacharyya, A., Veit, J., Kretz, R., Bondar, I., & Rainer, G. (2013). Basal forebrain activation controls contrast sensitivity in primary visual cortex. BMC neuroscience, 14(1), 1–1.

444. Holroyd, C. B., HajiHosseini, A., & Baker, T. E. (2012). ERPs and EEG os- cillations, best friends forever: comment on Cohen et al. Trends in Cognitive Science, 16(4), 192–authorreply193.

445. Kutas, M. M., & Hillyard, S. A. (1980b). Reading senseless sentences: brain potentials reflect semantic incongruity. Science, 207(4427), 203–205.

446. Holroyd, C. B. (2004). A note on the oddball N200 and the feedback ERN. Neurophysiology,(2001), 211–218.

447. Groppe, D. M. (2007). Common Independent Components of the P3b, N400, and P600 ERP Components to Deviant Linguistic Events (Ph.D. thesis). ProQuest, University of California, San Diego.

448. da Silva, F. L., & Gon\c calves, S. (2008). Electroencephalography (EEG). In L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 849–855). Elsevier.

449. McCarthy, G., Nobre, A. C., Bentin, S., & Spencer, D. D. (1995). Language- related field potentials in the anterior-medial temporal lobe: I. Intracranial distribution and neural generators. The Journal of Neuroscience, 15(2), 1080– 1089.

450. Tallon-Baudry, C., Bertrand, O., Delpuech, C., & Pernier, J. (1996). Stimulus specificity of phase-locked and non-phase-locked 40 Hz visual responses in human. The Journal of Neuroscience, 16(13), 4240–4249.

451. Burns, S. P., Xing, D., & Shapley, R. M. (2011). Is gamma-band activity in the local field potential of V1 cortex a " clock " or filtered noise? The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(26), 9658–9664.

452. Wassenaar, M., Brown, C. M., & Hagoort, P. (2004). ERP effects of subject- verb agreement violations in patients with Broca's aphasia. Journal of Cogni- tive Neuroscience, 16(4), 553–576.

453. Praamstra, P., Meyer, A. S., & Levelt, W. J. M. (1994). Neurophysiological manifestations of phonological processing: Latency variation of a negative 6.2 bibliography 249 ERP component timelocked to phonological mismatch. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 6(3), 204–219.

454. Rogalsky, C., & Hickok, G. (2011). The Role of Brocas Area in Sentence Comprehension, 1664–1680.

455. Tully, K., & Bolshakov, V. Y. (2010). Emotional enhancement of memory: how norepinephrine enables synaptic plasticity. Molecular Brain, 3(1), 15.

456. Kutas, M. M., & Hillyard, S. A. (1984). Brain potentials during reading reflect word expectancy and semantic association. Nature, 307(5947), 161–163.

457. Kenemans, J. L., & Kähkönen, S. (2011). How human electrophysiology informs psychopharmacology: from bottom-up driven processing to top- down control. Neuropsychopharmacology, 36(1), 26–51. references Kiesel, A., Miller, J., Jolic oe ur, P., & Brisson, B. (2008). Measurement of ERP latency differences: a comparison of single-participant and jackknife-based scoring methods. Psychophysiology, 45(2), 250–274.

458. Sara, S. J. (2009). The locus coeruleus and noradrenergic modulation of cog- nition. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 10(3), 211–223.

459. Karnath, H. O. (2001). New insights into the functions of the superior tem- poral cortex. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 2(8), 568–576.

460. Tune, S., Schlesewsky, M., Small, S. L., Sanford, A. J., Bohan, J., Sassenhagen, P. J., & Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, I. (n.d.). Cross-linguistic variation in the neurophysiological response to semantic processing: Evidence from anoma- lies at the borderline of awareness. Neuropsychologia.

461. Markram, H., & Segal, M. (1990). Long-lasting facilitation of excitatory post- synaptic potentials in the rat hippocampus by acetylcholine. The Journal of Physiology, 427, 381–393.

462. Madison, D. V., & Nicoll, R. A. (1986). Actions of noradrenaline recorded intracellularly in rat hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurones, in vitro. The Journal of Physiology, 372, 221–244.

463. Madison, D. V., & Nicoll, R. A. (1984). Control of the repetitive discharge of rat CA 1 pyramidal neurones in vitro. The Journal of Physiology, 354, 319–331.

464. Patel, S. H., & Azzam, P. N. (2005). Characterization of N200 and P300: se- lected studies of the Event-Related Potential. International journal of medical sciences, 2(4), 147–154.

465. Schiff, S. J. (2005). Dangerous phase. Neuroinformatics, 3(4), 315–318.

466. Bayer, H. M., & Glimcher, P. W. (2005). Midbrain Dopamine Neurons Encode a Quantitative Reward Prediction Error Signal. Neuron, 47(1), 129–141.

467. Rizzuto, D. S., Madsen, J. R., Bromfield, E. B., Schulze-Bonhage, A., Seelig, D., Aschenbrenner-Scheibe, R., & Kahana, M. J. (2003). Reset of human neo- cortical oscillations during a working memory task. Proceedings of the Na- tional Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(13), 7931–7936.

468. Grunwald, T., Beck, H., Lehnertz, K., Bl u mcke, I., Pezer, N., Kurthen, M., Fernandez, G., et al. (1999). Evidence relating human verbal memory to hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96(21), 12085–12089.

469. Grunwald, T., Lehnertz, K., Heinze, H. J., Helmstaedter, C., & Elger, C. E. (1998). Verbal novelty detection within the human hippocampus proper. Pro- ceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 95(6), 3193–3197.

470. Nunez, P. L., & Srinivasan, R. (2006). A theoretical basis for standing and traveling brain waves measured with human EEG with implications for an integrated consciousness. Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the Inter- national Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 117(11), 2424–2435.

471. Ramos, B. P., & Arnsten, A. F. T. (2007). Adrenergic pharmacology and cog- nition: Focus on the prefrontal cortex. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 113(3), 523–536.

472. Meyer, A. M., & Federmeier, K. D. (2007). The effects of context, meaning frequency, and associative strength on semantic selection: distinct contribu- tions from each cerebral hemisphere. Brain Research, 1183, 91–108.

473. Husain, M., & Nachev, P. (2007). Space and the parietal cortex. Trends in Cognitive Science, 11(1), 30–36.

474. Makeig, S., Jung, T.-P., Bell, A. J., Ghahremani, D., & Sejnowski, T. J. (1997). Blind separation of auditory event-related brain responses into independent components. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 94(20), 10979–10984. 6.2 bibliography 239

475. Bisley, J. W. (2006). Neural Correlates of Attention and Distractibility in the Lateral Intraparietal Area. Journal of neurophysiology, 95(3), 1696–1717. 6.2 bibliography 211

476. Berridge, C. W. (2008). Noradrenergic modulation of arousal. Brain research reviews, 58(1), 1–17.

477. Canolty, R. T., Soltani, M., Dalal, S. S., Edwards, E., Dronkers, N. F., Na- garajan, S. S., Kirsch, H. E., et al. (2007). Spatiotemporal dynamics of word processing in the human brain. Frontiers in neuroscience, 1(1), 185–196.

478. Hagoort, P. (2008). The fractionation of spoken language understanding by measuring electrical and magnetic brain signals. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 363(1493), 1055–1069.

479. Canolty, R. T., Edwards, E., Dalal, S. S., Soltani, M., Nagarajan, S. S., Kirsch, H. E., Berger, M. S., et al. (2006). High gamma power is phase-locked to theta oscillations in human neocortex. Science, 313(5793), 1626–1628.

480. Button-pressing affects P300 amplitude and scalp topography. Clinical Neu- rophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophys- iology, 112(9), 1676–1684. 6.2 bibliography 253

481. Scholz, J., Triantafyllou, C., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., Brown, E. N., & Saxe, R. (2009). Distinct Regions of Right Temporo-Parietal Junction Are Selective for Theory of Mind and Exogenous Attention. PloS one, 4(3), e4869.

482. Vogt, B. A. (2005). Pain and emotion interactions in subregions of the cingu- late gyrus. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 6(7), 533–544.

483. Brischoux, F., Chakraborty, S., Brierley, D. I., & Ungless, M. A. (2009). Phasic excitation of dopamine neurons in ventral VTA by noxious stimuli. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106(12), 4894–4899.

484. Two neurocognitive mechanisms of semantic integration during the compre- hension of visual real-world events. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(11), 2037–2057.

485. Singh-Curry, V., & Husain, M. (2009). The functional role of the inferior parietal lobe in the dorsal and ventral stream dichotomy. Neuropsychologia, 47(6), 1434–1448.

486. Sarter, M., Parikh, V., & Howe, W. M. (2009). Phasic acetylcholine release and the volume transmission hypothesis: time to move on. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience, 10(5), 383–390.

487. Polich, J. (2007). Updating P300: an integrative theory of P3a and P3b. Clin- ical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, 118(10), 2128–2148.

488. Schofield, B. R. (2010). Projections from auditory cortex to midbrain cholin- ergic neurons that project to the inferior colliculus. Neuroscience, 166(1), 231– 240.

489. McMenamin, B. W., Shackman, A. J., Maxwell, J. S., Bachhuber, D. R. W., Koppenhaver, A. M., Greischar, L. L., & Davidson, R. J. (2010). Validation of ICA-based myogenic artifact correction for scalp and source-localized EEG. Neuroimage, 49(3), 2416–2432.

490. Yeung, N., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2009). Dissociating response conflict and er- ror likelihood in anterior cingulate cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(46), 14506–14510. 6.2 bibliography 263

491. Jessup, R. K., Busemeyer, J. R., & Brown, J. W. (2010). Error effects in an- terior cingulate cortex reverse when error likelihood is high. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(9), 3467–3472.

492. Young, L., Camprodon, J. A., Hauser, M., Pascual-Leone, A., & Saxe, R. (2010). Disruption of the right temporoparietal junction with transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces the role of beliefs in moral judgments. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107(15), 6753–6758.

493. Watson, T. D., Petrakis, I. L., Edgecombe, J., Perrino, A., Krystal, J. H., & Mathalon, D. H. (2009). Modulation of the cortical processing of novel and target stimuli by drugs affecting glutamate and GABA neurotransmission.

494. Kappenman, E. S. E., & Luck, S. J. (2010). The effects of electrode impedance on data quality and statistical significance in ERP recordings. Psychophysiol- ogy, 47(5), 888–904.

495. Wang, X.-J. (2010). Neurophysiological and computational principles of cor- tical rhythms in cognition. Physiological reviews, 90(3), 1195–1268.

496. Vannemreddy, P., Stone, J., Vannemreddy, S., & Slavin, K. (2010). Psychomo- tor seizures, Penfield, Gibbs, Bailey and the development of anterior tempo- ral lobectomy: A historical vignette. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 13(2), 103.

497. Brennan, J. R., Nir, Y., Hasson, U., Malach, R., Heeger, D. J., & Pylkkänen, L. (2012). Syntactic structure building in the anterior temporal lobe during natural story listening. Brain and language, 120(2), 163–173.

498. Mazaheri, A., & Jensen, O. (2010). Rhythmic pulsing: linking ongoing brain activity with evoked responses. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4(October), 177.

499. Broussard, J. I., Karelina, K., Sarter, M., & Givens, B. (2009). Cholinergic optimization of cue-evoked parietal activity during challenged attentional performance. European Journal of Neuroscience, 29(8), 1711–1722.

500. Valenti, O., Lodge, D. J., & Grace, A. A. (2011). Aversive Stimuli Alter Ventral Tegmental Area Dopamine Neuron Activity via a Common Action in the Ventral Hippocampus. The Journal of Neuroscience, 31(11), 4280–4289.

501. Steinhauser, M., & Yeung, N. (2010). Decision processes in human perfor- mance monitoring. The Journal of Neuroscience, 30(46), 15643–15653.

502. Uddén, J., Folia, V. V., & Petersson, K.-M. (2010). The neuropharmacology of implicit learning. Current neuropharmacology, 8(4), 367–381.

503. VanRullen, R., Busch, N. a, Drewes, J., & Dubois, J. (2011). Ongoing EEG Phase as a Trial-by-Trial Predictor of Perceptual and Attentional Variability. Frontiers in psychology, 2(April), 60.

504. Hurley, L. M., & Hall, I. C. (2011). Context-dependent modulation of audi- tory processing by serotonin. Hearing research, 279(1-2), 74–84.

505. Hall, I. C., Sell, G. L., & Hurley, L. M. (2011). Social regulation of serotonin in the auditory midbrain. Behavioral neuroscience, 125(4), 501–511.

506. Kuo, S. P., & Trussell, L. O. (2011). Spontaneous Spiking and Synaptic De- pression Underlie Noradrenergic Control of Feed-Forward Inhibition. Neu- ron, 71(2), 306–318.

507. Carter, M. E., Yizhar, O., Chikahisa, S., Nguyen, H., Adamantidis, A., Nishino, S., Deisseroth, K., et al. (2010). Tuning arousal with optoge- netic modulation of locus coeruleus neurons. Nature Neuroscience, 13(12), 1526–1533.

508. Grandchamp, R. (2011). Single-trial normalization for event-related spectral decomposition reduces sensitivity to noisy trials, 1–14.

509. Okada, K.-i., Nakamura, K., & Kobayashi, Y. (2011). A neural correlate of predicted and actual reward-value information in monkey pedunculopon- tine tegmental and dorsal raphe nucleus during saccade tasks. Neural Plast, 2011, 579840.

510. Nath, A. R., & Beauchamp, M. S. (2012). A neural basis for interindividual differences in the McGurk effect, a multisensory speech illusion. Neuroimage, 59(1), 781–787.

511. Nalivaiko, E., Bondarenko, E., Lidström, A., & Barry, R. J. (2011). Respira- tory component of the orienting reflex: a novel sensitive index of sensory- induced arousal in rats. Frontiers in physiology, 2.

512. Brown, S. B. R. E., Van Steenbergen, H., Band, G. P. H., de Rover, M., & Nieuwenhuis, S. (2012). Functional significance of the emotion-related late positive potential. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 33.

513. Murphy, P. R., Robertson, I. H., Allen, D., Hester, R., & O'connell, R. G. (2012). An electrophysiological signal that precisely tracks the emergence of error awareness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 65.

514. Kim, K. M., Baratta, M. V., Yang, A., Lee, D., Boyden, E. S., & Fiorillo, C. D. (2012). Optogenetic Mimicry of the Transient Activation of Dopamine Neurons by Natural Reward Is Sufficient for Operant Reinforcement. PloS one, 7(4), e33612.

515. Roesch, M. R., Esber, G. R., Li, J., Daw, N. D., & Schoenbaum, G. (2012). Sur- prise! Neural correlates of Pearce-Hall and Rescorla-Wagner coexist within the brain. European Journal of Neuroscience, 35(7), 1190–1200.

516. Nakamura, K., Matsumoto, M., & Hikosaka, O. (2008). Reward-dependent modulation of neuronal activity in the primate dorsal raphe nucleus. The Journal of Neuroscience, 28(20), 5331–5343.

517. Kalmbach, A., Hedrick, T., & Waters, J. (2012). Selective optogenetic stim- ulation of cholinergic axons in neocortex. Journal of neurophysiology, 107(7), 2008–2019.

518. Rauschecker, J. P. (2012). Ventral and dorsal streams in the evolution of speech and language. Frontiers in evolutionary neuroscience, 4(May), 7.

519. Cabeza, R., Ciaramelli, E., & Moscovitch, M. (2012). Cognitive contributions of the ventral parietal cortex: an integrative theoretical account. Trends in Cognitive Science, 16(6), 338–352.

520. Wang, L., Zhu, Z., & Bastiaansen, M. C. M. (2012). Integration or predictabil- ity? A further specification of the functional role of gamma oscillations in language comprehension. Frontiers in psychology, 3, 187.

521. Broussard, J. I. (2012). Posterior parietal cortex dynamically ranks topo- graphic signals via cholinergic influence, 1–10.

522. Jones, E. G. (2000). Microcolumns in the cerebral cortex. In Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

523. Bouret, S., Ravel, S., & Richmond, B. J. (2012). Complementary neural corre- lates of motivation in dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurons of monkeys. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 6(July), 40.

524. Yu, A. J., Dayan, P., & Cohen, J. D. (2009). Dynamics of attentional selection under conflict: Toward a rational Bayesian account. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human perception and performance, 35(3), 700–717.

525. Burgess, A. P. (2012). Towards a Unified Understanding of Event-Related Changes in the EEG: The Firefly Model of Synchronization through Cross- Frequency Phase Modulation. PloS one, 7(9), e45630.

526. Picciotto, M. R., Higley, M. J., & Mineur, Y. S. (2012). Acetylcholine as a Neuromodulator: Cholinergic Signaling Shapes Nervous System Function and Behavior. Neuron, 76(1), 116–129.

527. Borovsky, A., Elman, J. L., & Kutas, M. M. (2012). Once is Enough: N400 Indexes Semantic Integration of Novel Word Meanings from a Single Expo- sure in Context. Language Learning and Development, 8(3), 278–302.

528. Vijayan, S., & Kopell, N. J. (2012). Thalamic model of awake alpha oscilla- tions and implications for stimulus processing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(45), 18553–18558.

529. Who needs a referee? How incorrect basketball actions are automatically detected by basketball players' brain. Scientific Reports, 2.

530. Rangel-Gomez, M., Hickey, C., van Amelsvoort, T., Bet, P., & Meeter, M. (2013). The Detection of Novelty Relies on Dopaminergic Signaling: Evi- dence from Apomorphine's Impact on the Novelty N2. PloS one, 8(6), e66469.

531. Steinberg, E. E., Keiflin, R., Boivin, J. R., Witten, I. B., Deisseroth, K., & Janak, P. H. (2013). A causal link between prediction errors, dopamine neurons and learning. Nature Neuroscience, 1–10.

532. Niziolek, C. A., Nagarajan, S. S., & Houde, J. F. (2013). What Does Motor Efference Copy Represent? Evidence from Speech Production. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(41), 16110–16116.

533. Nieuwenhuis, S., De Geus, E. J., & Aston-Jones, G. (2010). The anatomical and functional relationship between the P3 and autonomic components of the orienting response. Psychophysiology, 48, 162–175.

534. Norris, D. (2013). Models of visual word recognition. Trends in Cognitive Science, 17(10), 517–524.

535. Kobayashi, S., & Schultz, W. (2008). Influence of Reward Delays on Re- sponses of Dopamine Neurons. The Journal of Neuroscience, 28(31), 7837–7846.

536. Middleton, F. A., & Strick, P. L. (1996). The temporal lobe is a target of output from the basal ganglia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 93(16), 8683–8687.

537. Rostral Cingulate Zone and correct response monitoring: ICA and source localization evidences for the unicity of correct-and error-negativities. Neu- roimage, 51(1), 391–403.

538. Muñoz, W., & Rudy, B. (2014). Spatiotemporal specificity in cholinergic con- trol of neocortical function. Current opinion in neurobiology, 26C, 149–160.

539. Sara, S. J., & Hervé-Minvielle, A. (1995). Inhibitory influence of frontal cortex on locus coeruleus neurons. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 92(13), 6032–6036.

540. Makeig, S., Delorme, A., Westerfield, M., Jung, T.-P., Townsend, J., Courch- esne, E., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2004). Electroencephalographic brain dynamics following manually responded visual targets. PLoS Biol, 2(6), e176.

541. Palmer, J. A., Makeig, S., Delgado, K. K., & Rao, B. D. (2008). Newton method for the ICA mixture model. Proceedings of the 33rd IEEE International Conference on Acoustics and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2008), 1805–1808.

542. Berger, B., Thierry, a. M., Tassin, J. P., & Moyne, M. A. (1976). Dopaminergic innervation of the rat prefrontal cortex: a fluorescence histochemical study. Brain Research, 106(1), 133–145.

543. Koliatsos, V. E., Martin, L. J., Walker, L. C., Richardson, R. T., DeLong, M. R., & Price, D. L. (1988). Topographic, non-collateralized basal forebrain projec- tions to amygdala, hippocampus, and anterior cingulate cortex in the rhesus monkey. Brain Research, 463(1), 133–139.

544. Müller, C. M., & Singer, W. (1989). Acetylcholine-induced inhibition in the cat visual cortex is mediated by a GABAergic mechanism. Brain Research, 487(2), 335–342.

545. Ritter, W., Simson, R., & Vaughan, H. G. (1972). Association cortex poten- tials and reaction time in auditory discrimination. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 33(6), 547–555.

546. Smith, M. E., Halgren, E., Sokolik, M., Baudena, P., Musolino, Liegeois- Chauvel, C., & Chauvel, P. (1990). The intracranial topography of the P3 event-related potential elicited during auditory oddball. Electroencephalogra- phy and Clinical Neurophysiology, 76(3), 235–248. references Smith, P. L., & Ratcliff, R. (2004). Psychology and neurobiology of simple decisions. Trends in Neurosciences, 27(3), 161–168.

547. Kekoni, J., Hämäläinen, H., McCloud, V., Reinikainen, K., & Näätänen, R. (1996). Is the somatosensory N250 related to deviance discrimination or conscious target detection? Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiol- ogy/Evoked Potentials Section, 100(2), 115–125.

548. Walletschek, H., & Raab, A. (1982). Spontaneous activity of dorsal raphe neu- rons during defensive and offensive encounters in the tree-shrew. Physiology & Behavior, 28(4), 697–705.

549. Lammers, W. J., & Badia, P. (1989). Habituation of P300 to target stimuli. Physiology & Behavior, 45(3), 595–601.

550. Polich, J., & McIsaac, H. K. (1994). Comparison of auditory P300 habituation from active and passive conditions. Int J Psychophysiol, 17(1), 25–34.

551. Hirano, C., Russell, A. T., Ornitz, E. M., & Liu, M. (1996). Habituation of P300 and reflex motor (startle blink) responses to repetitive startling stimuli in children. Int J Psychophysiol, 22(1-2), 97–109.

552. Pfefferbaum, A., & Ford, J. M. (1988). ERPs to stimuli requiring response production and inhibition: effects of age, probability and visual noise. Elec- troencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/Evoked Potentials Section, 71(1), 55–63.

553. Intriligator, J., & Polich, J. (1994). On the relationship between background EEG and the P300 event-related potential. Biological psychology, 37(3), 207– 218.

554. Trulson, M. E., & Trulson, V. M. (1982). Differential effects of phasic auditory and visual stimuli on serotonergic neurons in the nucleus raphe dorsalis and nucleus raphe pallidus in freely moving cats. Neuroscience Letters, 32(2), 137–142.

555. Sakaguchi, T., & Nakamura, S. (1987). The mode of projections of single locus coeruleus neurons to the cerebral cortex in rats. Neuroscience, 20(1), 221–230.

556. Grace, A. A. (1991). Phasic versus tonic dopamine release and the modu- lation of dopamine system responsivity: a hypothesis for the etiology of schizophrenia. Neuroscience, 41(1), 1–24.

557. Hsieh, C. Y., Cruikshank, S. J., & Metherate, R. (2000). Differential modula- tion of auditory thalamocortical and intracortical synaptic transmission by cholinergic agonist. Brain Research, 880(1-2), 51–64.

558. Szewczyk, J. M., & Schriefers, H. (2011). Is animacy special? ERP correlates of semantic violations and animacy violations in sentence processing. Brain Research, 1368, 208–221.

559. Parmentier, F. B. R., Elsley, J. V., Andrés, P., & Barcelo, F. (2011). Why are auditory novels distracting? Contrasting the roles of novelty, violation of expectation and stimulus change. Cognition, 119(3), 374–380.

560. Macaluso, E. (2010). Orienting of spatial attention and the interplay between the senses. Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, 46(3), 282–297.

561. Shang, M., & Debruille, J. B. (2013). N400 processes inhibit inappropriately activated representations: adding a piece of evidence from a high-repetition design. Neuropsychologia, 51(10), 1989–1997.

562. Zaborszky, L. (2002). The modular organization of brain systems. Basal fore- brain: the last frontier. Progress in brain research, 136, 359–372.

563. Bland, B. H., & Oddie, S. D. (1998). Anatomical, Electrophysiological and Pharmacological Studies of Ascending Brainstem Hippocampal Synchroniz- ing Pathways. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 22(2), 259–273.

564. Michelsen, K. A., Schmitz, C., & Steinbusch, H. W. M. (2007). The dorsal raphe nucleus—From silver stainings to a role in depression. Brain research reviews, 55(2), 329–342.

565. Pfaff, D. W., Martin, E. M., & Faber, D. (2012). Origins of arousal: roles for medullary reticular neurons. Trends in Neurosciences, 35(8), 468–476.

566. Traynelis, S. F., & Jaramillo, F. (1998). Getting the most out of noise in the central nervous system. Trends in Neurosciences, 21(4), 137–145.

567. Redgrave, P., Prescott, T. J., & Gurney, K. (1999). Is the short-latency dopamine response too short to signal reward error? Trends in Neurosciences, 22(4), 146–151.

568. Micheau, J., & Marighetto, A. (2011). Acetylcholine and memory: a long, complex and chaotic but still living relationship. Behavioural Brain Research, 221(2), 424–429.

569. Schürmann, M., Baar-Erolu, E., & Kolev, V. (2001). Delta responses and cognitive processing: single-trial evaluations of human visual P300. Int J Psychophysiol, 39(2-3), 229–239.

570. Pineda, J. A., Westerfield, M., Kronenberg, B. M., & Kubrin, J. (1997). Human and monkey P3-like responses in a mixed modality paradigm: Effects of context and context-dependent noradrenergic influences. Int J Psychophysiol, 27(3), 223–240.

571. Ravden, D., & Polich, J. (1998). Habituation of P300 from visual stimuli. Int J Psychophysiol, 30(3), 359–365.

572. Knott, V. J., Millar, A. M., McIntosh, J. F., Shah, D. K., Fisher, D. J., Blais, C. M., Ilivitsky, V., et al. (2011). Separate and combined effects of low dose ketamine and nicotine on behavioural and neural correlates of sustained attention. Biol Psychol, 88(1), 83–93.

573. Marois, R., Leung, H.-C., & Gore, J. C. (2000). A stimulus-driven approach to object identity and location processing in the human brain. Neuron, 25(3), 717–728.

574. Sara, S. J., & Bouret, S. (2012). Orienting and Reorienting: The Locus Coeruleus Mediates Cognition through Arousal. Neuron, 76(1), 130–141.

575. Bramon, E., Dempster, E., Frangou, S., McDonald, C., Schoenberg, P., Mac- Cabe, J. H., Walshe, M., et al. (2006). Is there an association between the COMT gene and P300 endophenotypes? European Psychiatry, 21(1), 70–73.

576. Starr, A., Aguinaldo, T., Roe, M., & Michalewski, H. J. (2003). Sequential changes of auditory processing during target detection: motor responding versus mental counting. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 105(3), 201–212.

577. Mazaheri, A., & Picton, T. W. (2004). EEG spectral dynamics during discrim- ination of auditory and visual targets. Cognitive Brain Research, 24(1), 81–96.

578. Marco-Pallares, J., Nager, W., Krämer, U. M., Cunillera, T., Càmara, E., Cucurell, D., Schüle, R., et al. (2010). Neurophysiological markers of novelty processing are modulated by COMT and DRD4 genotypes. Neuroimage, 53(3), 962–969.

579. Makeig, S., Debener, S., Onton, J., & Delorme, A. (2004). Mining event- related brain dynamics. Trends in Cognitive Science, 8(5), 204–210.

580. Osterhout, L., McLaughlin, J., & Bersick, M. (2004). Event-related brain po- tentials and human language. Trends in Cognitive Science, 1(6), 203–209.

581. Hakosalo, H. (2006). The brain under the knife: serial sectioning and the development of late nineteenth-century neuroanatomy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 37(2), 172–202.

582. Borck, C. (2006). Between local cultures and national styles: Units of analysis in the history of electroencephalography. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 329(5-6), 450–459.

583. Sutton, S., Braren, M., Zubin, J., & John, E. R. (1965). Evoked-Potential Cor- relates of Stimulus Uncertainty. Science, 150(700), 1187.

584. Kutas, M. M., McCarthy, G., & Donchin, E. E. (1977). Augmenting Mental Chronometry: The P300 as a Measure of Stimulus Evaluation Time. Science, 197(4305), 792–795.

585. Ritter, W., Simson, R., Vaughan, H. G., & Friedman, D. (1979). A brain event related to the making of a sensory discrimination. Science, 203(4387), 1358– 1361.

586. Makeig, S., Westerfield, M., Jung, T.-P., Enghoff, S., Townsend, J., Courch- esne, E., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2002). Dynamic brain sources of visual evoked responses. Science, 295(5555), 690–694.

587. von Stein, A., & Sarnthein, J. (2000). Different frequencies for different scales of cortical integration: from local gamma to long range alpha/theta synchro- nization. Int J Psychophysiol.

588. Bouret, S., & Sara, S. J. (2005). Network reset: a simplified overarching theory of locus coeruleus noradrenaline function. Trends in Neurosciences, 28(11), 574–582.

589. MacWhinney, B., Bates, E. A., & Kliegl, R. (1984). Cue validity and sentence interpretation in English, German, and Italian. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 23(2), 127–150.

590. Penfield, W. M. (1959). The interpretive cortex; the stream of consciousness in the human brain can be electrically reactivated. Science, 129(3365), 1719– 1725.

591. Renoult, L., & Debruille, J. B. (2011). N400-like potentials and reaction times index semantic relations between highly repeated individual words. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(4), 905–922.

592. Wlotko, E. W., & Federmeier, K. D. (2013). Two sides of meaning: the scalp- recorded n400 reflects distinct contributions from the cerebral hemispheres. Frontiers in psychology, 4, 181.