Goddesses in the Hindu Tradition

This article provides an overview and analysis of the two primary Hindu goddess traditions—the formal tradition (often called the Aryan, Pan-Indian or great) and the <em>gramadevata </em>tradition (also known as village goddesses, Dravidian, non-Aryan, folk or little). A broad sketch of...

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Bibliographic Details
Published in:Marburg Journal of Religion (Band 18)
Main Author: Lewis, Stephan
Format: Journal Articles
Language:English
Published: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2016
Institute for Comparative Cultural Research - Study of Religions and Anthropology
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Summary:This article provides an overview and analysis of the two primary Hindu goddess traditions—the formal tradition (often called the Aryan, Pan-Indian or great) and the <em>gramadevata </em>tradition (also known as village goddesses, Dravidian, non-Aryan, folk or little). A broad sketch of each tradition is followed by an in-depth description of a goddess from each tradition. The overview of the formal tradition looks at six major goddesses in the formal tradition: Kali, Durga, Parvati, Sarasvati, Radha, and Sita. The overview of the <em>gramadevata </em>tradition examines origin myths, typical functions, common forms, and characteristics of worship. For the in-depth description of a goddess from each tradition, Sri-Laksmi is examined from the formal tradition and Mathamma from the <em>gramadevata </em>tradtion. After examining the two traditions, I argue the two traditions are two separate traditions emerging from an ancient goddess tradition. Yet, these two traditions influence each other, resulting in significant similarities, with the <em>gramadevata </em>tradition exerting the most influence.
ISSN:1612-2941
DOI:https://doi.org/10.17192/mjr.2016.18.3528