Marburg Journal of Religion 2017-11-06T14:48:47+00:00 Maike Wachs Open Journal Systems <p>The purpose of <strong>Marburg Journal of Religion</strong> is to publish articles on empirical and theoretical studies of religion.</p> Weibliche Politik im Frühislam am Beispiel von Muḥammads Frau Umm Salama 2017-11-06T14:38:47+00:00 Doris Decker The question of the legitimacy of female leadership and authority in Islam arouses heated discussions. Even the interpretations of female figures’ actions in the earliest traditions about the Prophet Muhammad are highly disputed. For example, Aisha's political failure after Muhammad’s death is often used as an argument against female political leadership. Nevertheless, the sources represent women in many different ways, including as authorities or policymakers. This paper sheds light on hardly noted traditions about Muhammad’s wife Umm Salama in order to demonstrate – with reference to the written records – that some women played an intervening role as political advisors and mediators and were widely involved in socio-political affairs during the early Islamic period. Consequently, I would like to put forward the thesis that narrators of the early Islamic traditions took female participation and intervention in socio-political decisions for granted, which will be supported by an analysis of texts by Islamic scholars up to the 9<sup>th</sup> century. 2017-11-01T11:03:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Open Space: Pluriforme Aneignung eines Schweizer Wallfahrtsortes 2017-11-06T14:41:59+00:00 Simon Foppa Eva Baumann-Neuhaus <p><span style="font-size: medium;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">For centuries, people from Switzerland, Germany and France have been embarking on pilgrimages to the Catholic holy site of Mariastein. In recent decades, however, the streams of visitors have mirrored the religious and social change in Swiss society. The public are becoming increasingly pluralistic and individualised. In the present article, with the help of the concept of "cultural appropriation" by Hans Peter Hahn, the authors demonstrate how it is possible for this new diverse range of visitors to appropriate one and the same place of pilgrimage for themselves.</span></span></p> 2017-11-01T11:03:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Narconon, Scientology, and the Battle for Legitimacy 2017-11-06T14:43:25+00:00 Stephen A. Kent <p>This article provides an historical description and analysis of Scientology’s controversial drug treatment program, Narconon. Following scholarship by sociologist Terra Manca on Scientology’s pseudo-medicine, I argue that Scientology initially claimed its program to be part of its religion, but eventually dropped this claim as it attempted to get Narconon programs and teachings established in communities. I show, however, the intimate association between Scientology and Narconon courses, and present some of the evidence that the program lacks scientific validity—especially its Purification Rundown.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p> 2017-11-01T11:03:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Between Religions. Baptist Converts in Sierra Leone and their Islamic and African Traditional Religious Past 2017-11-06T14:46:46+00:00 Jari Portaankorva <p class="Standard">This article focuses on Baptist converts in Sierra Leone and how they live between religions in an African multi-religious context. When converts looked back on their lives, they reconstruct their memories to fit their present religious convictions. Baptist churches teach their members to leave traditional practices and Islam. Converts break with the past and leave their former religious community. Converts´ experiences and memories of Islamic homes were often positive, but memories of African traditional religion (ATR) were more complex. However, Church members sometimes go to ATR herbalists and healers when they have severe health problems.</p><p class="Standard">Baptist churches compete with ATR and teach that power of Christian God is real, and healing is often part of the Church services. After conversion Baptist converts are members of their Churches with different degree of commitment. Converts often had difficulties in maintaining good relationships with their Muslim relatives. However, Christians and Muslims see that they have more in common with each other than they do with African Traditional Religion (ATR).  Extended families and intermarriages helped to build better relations between Muslims and Christians.</p><p class="NoSpacing">Keywords: Muslims, Baptist, Sierra Leone, African Traditional Religion, Conversion.</p> 2017-11-01T11:03:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Jan Stievermann, Philip Goff and Detlef Junker (eds.): Religion and the Marketplace in the United States 2017-11-06T14:48:08+00:00 Hacer Bahar <em>Religion and the Marketplace in the United States<strong> </strong></em>is a collection of eleven essays covering a wide array of marketplace theories within the context of American religiosity from leading experts and scholars. The book touches upon a broad range of academic fields including history, literature, sports, politics and media to demonstrate how religion and the marketplace are intertwined 2017-11-01T11:03:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Anna Lydia Svalastog and Gunlög Fur (eds.): Visions of Sápmi 2017-11-06T14:48:47+00:00 Maths Bertell <p>To approach Sápmi is not an easy task. To try to grasp a part of Sápmi and make it into a comprehensible text in a relatively short book is even more challenging. Svalastog and Fur have gathered six articles in this volume, with six quite different perspectives. The purpose of the book is somewhat vague: ‘to generate further interest on the Sami presence, both in the past and in the present.’ So that will be my perspective for this review, as a historian of religion, a senior lecturer at Mid Sweden University in the Study of Religion. One of my focuses when teaching about Sami religion and culture is to generate further interest in this in my students, especially the students aiming to become Middle School teachers. In the latest curriculum for Swedish 10 to 12 year olds, Sami religion is one of the subjects to teach. Could Svalastog and Fur’s collection possibly be something to use? To be honest, I’m thrown between hope and despair. The book has its origin in academic discussion at Umeå University, but the contributions that surface in it are not always academic, and sometimes over-academic, if there is such a thing. This creates differences between texts, but it also makes it obvious that each writer seems to have had different groups of audiences in mind when writing. Two general approaches can be seen and may be characterized as descriptive and analytic. But for my purposes, maybe both can be of use. </p> 2017-11-01T11:03:31+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##