Nuclear dipole interactions in solid Xe-129 measured with NMR

This thesis describes nuclear magnetic resonance experiments on hyperpolarized Xe-129. With spin exchange optical pumping on rubidium it is possible to enhance the Xe-129 spin polarization to five orders of magnitude above its thermal equilibrium. This allows for experiments on small samples, like f...

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Gespeichert in:
1. Verfasser: Potzuweit, Alexander
Beteiligte: Jänsch, Heinz (Prof. Dr.) (BetreuerIn (Doktorarbeit))
Format: Dissertation
Veröffentlicht: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2015
Online Zugang:PDF-Volltext
Tags: Tag hinzufügen
Keine Tags, Fügen Sie den ersten Tag hinzu!



3. J. Crank. The mathematics of diffusion. Oxford university press, 2nd edition (1979).

4. [Lid96] D. R. Lide. CRC handbook of chemistry and physics. CRC press, 77th edition (1996).

5. E. Fukushima and S. B. Roeder. Experimental pulse NMR: a nuts and bolts approach. Addison-Wesley Reading, MA: (1981).

6. [Akh65] N. I. Akhiezer and N. Kemmer. The classical moment problem: and some related questions in analysis, volume 5. Oliver & Boyd Edinburgh (1965).

7. [Cur91] R. E. Curto and L. A. Fialkow. Recursiveness, positivity, and truncated moment problems. Houston Journal of Mathematics, 17(4):603 (1991).

8. [Sch90] H. Schlichting. Methoden und Mechanismen der thermischen Desorption: Adsorptions-, Desorptions-Kinetik, Epitaxie und Ordnung von Edelgasschichten auf Ru(001). Ph.D. thesis, Technische Universität München (1990).

9. G. Hempel and U. Schmeißer. Moments of the Power Spectra of Dipolar In- teraction between Spin-1/2 Nuclei. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, Series A, 121(1):50 (1996).

10. [Iny98] A. V. Inyushkin, K. Leicht, and P. Esquinazi. Magnetic field dependence of the sensitivity of a type E (chromel-constantan) thermocouple. Cryogenics, 38(3):299 (1998).

11. [Ber04a] S. Berger and S. Braun. 200 and More NMR Experiments: A Practical Course. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA (2004).

12. [Don70] S. Doniach and M. Sunjic. Many-electron singularity in X-ray photoemission and X-ray line spectra from metals. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics, 3(2):285 (1970).

13. [Beg14] S. Beguš, J. Bojkovski, J. Drnovšek, and G. Geršak. Magnetic effects on ther- mocouples. Measurement Science and Technology, 25(3):035006 (2014).

14. [Blo46] F. Bloch, W. Hansen, and M. Packard. The Nuclear Induction Experiment. Phys. Rev., 70:474 (1946).

15. [Fit99] R. J. Fitzgerald, M. Gatzke, D. C. Fox, G. D. Cates, and W. Happer. 129 Xe spin relaxation in frozen xenon. Phys. Rev. B, 59:8795 (1999).

16. J. D. Walls, F. K. H. Phoa, and Y.-Y. Lin. Spin dynamics at very high spin polarization. Phys. Rev. B, 70:174410 (2004).

17. [Tot10] N. Totò, C. Schön, and M. Jansen. Atomistic study of xenon crystal growth via low-temperature atom beam deposition. Phys. Rev. B, 82:115401 (2010).

18. O. Tsyplyatyev and D. M. Whittaker. Dipolar broadening of nuclear spin reso- nance under dynamical pumping. Phys. Rev. B, 85:125123 (2012).

19. D. Candela, M. E. Hayden, and P. J. Nacher. Steady-State Production of High Nuclear Polarization in 3 He-4 He Mixtures. Phys. Rev. Lett., 73:2587 (1994).

20. [Wal97] T. G. Walker and W. Happer. Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei. Rev. Mod. Phys., 69:629 (1997).

21. [Ber04b] W. Berthold, F. Rebentrost, P. Feulner, and U. Höfer. Influence of Ar, Kr, and Xe layers on the energies and lifetimes of image-potential states on Cu(100). Applied Physics A, 78(2):131 (2004).

22. U. Ruth, T. Hof, J. Schmidt, D. Fick, and H. Jänsch. Production of nitrogen- free, hyperpolarized 129Xe gas. Applied Physics B, 68(1):93 (1999).

23. [Bru13] Bruker Almanac 2013 (2013). Accessed: 26.09.2014.

24. Dem Europäischen Graduiertenkolleg " Electron-Electron Interactions in Solids, Marburg – Budapest " verdanke ich finanzielle Unterstützung und einige schöne Workshops.

25. M. Gatzke, G. D. Cates, B. Driehuys, D. Fox, W. Happer, and B. Saam. Ex- traordinarily slow nuclear spin relaxation in frozen laser-polarized 129 Xe. Phys. Rev. Lett., 70:690 (1993).

26. [Ger03] P. B. Gerhard. Konventionelle Puls-NMR an Xe-129 auf Einkristalloberflächen. Ph.D. thesis, Philipps Universität Marburg (2003).

27. Diplomarbeit in der AG Quantenchaos (Prof. Dr. H.-J. Stöckmann) zum Thema: " Mikrowellenmessungen an n-Scheiben Streusystemen " 2010 -2015

28. [Har62] S. R. Hartmann and E. L. Hahn. Nuclear Double Resonance in the Rotating Frame. Phys. Rev., 128:2042 (1962).

29. [AL88] F. Agullö-Löpez, C. R. A. Catlow, and P. D. Townsend. Point defects in mate- rials, volume 149. Academic Press London (1988).

30. Kastler, Alfred. Quelques suggestions concernant la production optique et la détection optique d'une inégalité de population des niveaux de quantifigation spa- tiale des atomes. ApplicationApplication`Applicationà l'expérience de Stern et Gerlach etet`età la résonance magnétique. J. Phys. Radium, 11(6):255 (1950).

31. M. L. Klein and J. A. Venables. Rare gas solids, volume 2. Academic Press (1976).

32. E. Purcell, H. Torrey, and R. Pound. Resonance Absorption by Nuclear Magnetic Moments in a Solid. Phys. Rev., 69:37 (1946).

33. Philipps-Universität Marburg: Studium Diplom-Physik mit Nebenfach Informatik (Vordiplom) und Kernchemie (Diplom) 2004

34. [Sta02] D. Stahl, W. Mannstadt, P. Gerhard, M. Koch, and H. J. Jänsch. T 1 -relaxation of 129 Xe on metal single crystal surfaces – multilayer experiments on iridium and monolayer considerations. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 159(1):1 (2002).

35. [VV48] J. H. Van Vleck. The Dipolar Broadening of Magnetic Resonance Lines in Crystals. Phys. Rev., 74:1168 (1948).

36. [Abr61] A. Abragam. The principles of nuclear magnetism: the international series of monographs on physics. Clarendon Press, Oxford (1961). Reprinted 1986.

37. Xe-129 NMR an konzentrierten und verdünnten Xe- Isotopengemischen. Diploma thesis, Philipps Universität Marburg (2011).

38. [Sea62] D. R. Sears and H. P. Klug. Density and Expansivity of Solid Xenon. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 37(12):3002 (1962).

39. [Par73] G. W. Parker. Calculation of moments of NMR absorption lines from free- induction decay curves. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 58(8):3274 (1973).

40. [Kol77] T. G. Kollie, R. L. Anderson, J. L. Horton, and M. J. Roberts. Large ther- mocouple thermometry errors caused by magnetic fields. Review of Scientific Instruments, 48(5):501 (1977).

41. [Pot14] A. Potzuweit, A. Schaffner, and H. J. Jänsch. Mounting a thermocouple of type E onto a Cu single crystal for use in a magnetically sensitive environment below 77K. Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 32(5) (2014).

42. [Tas87] G. Tastevin. Hélium trois polarisé: ondes de spin et liquéfaction du gaz. Ph.D. thesis, Université Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris VI (1987).

43. [Jän04] H. J. Jänsch, P. Gerhard, and M. Koch. 129Xe on Ir(111): NMR study of xenon on a metal single crystal surface. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(38):13715 (2004).

44. M. Gatzke. Nuclear spin relaxation in polarized solid xenon. Ph.D. thesis, Princeton University (1992).

45. [Mor07] S. W. Morgan. Relaxation of solid hyperpolarized 129 Xe. Ph.D. thesis, University of Utah (2007).

46. BIBLIOGRAPHY [Sam05] G. L. Samuelson. Nuclear spin relaxation of polycrystaline 129 xenon. Ph.D. thesis, University of Utah (2005).

47. [Abr73] A. Abragam, M. Chapellier, J. Jacquinot, and M. Goldman. Absorption line- shape of highly polarized nuclear spin systems. Journal of Magnetic Resonance (1969), 10(3):322 (1973).

48. [Tur86] G. L. Turner, K. A. Smith, R. Kirkpatrick, and E. Oldfield. Boron-11 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic study of borate and borosilicate minerals and a borosilicate glass. Journal of Magnetic Resonance (1969), 67(3):544 (1986).

49. BIBLIOGRAPHY [dJ90] A. de Jong and J. Niemantsverdriet. Thermal desorption analysis: Comparative test of ten commonly applied procedures. Surface Science, 233(3):355 (1990).

50. [Ger87] I. Gerothanassis. Methods of avoiding the effects of acoustic ringing in pulsed fourier transform nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, 19(3):267 (1987).

51. R. Musket, W. McLean, C. Colmenares, D. Makowiecki, and W. Siekhaus. Preparation of atomically clean surfaces of selected elements: A review. Appli- cations of Surface Science, 10(2):143 (1982).

52. [Pit14] G. A. Pitz, A. J. Sandoval, T. B. Tafoya, W. L. Klennert, and D. A. Hostutler. Pressure broadening and shift of the rubidium D 1 transition and potassium D 2 transitions by various gases with comparison to other alkali rates. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 140:18 (2014).

53. M. D. Rotondaro and G. P. Perram. Collisional broadening and shift of the rubidium D 1 and D 2 lines (5 2 S 1/2 → 5 2 P 1/2 , 5 2 P 3/2 ) by rare gases, H 2 , D 2 , N 2 , CH 4 and CF 4 . Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, 57(4):497 (1997).