Democracy and Good Governance in a multi-ethnic society: Nigeria as a Case Study. A grassroot study of Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa-Fulani in Nigeria 1999-2011

The “ethnic contraption of Nigerian state” was a natural creation, but exploited by the British through colonisation, and then propagated by the ethnic nationalities therein through the internally entrenched mindsets. The divergence in political mindset derives from her multi-ethnic composition, whi...

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Gespeichert in:
1. Verfasser: Okoro, Cyprian Friday
Beteiligte: Berg-Schlosser, Dirk (Prof. Dr.) (BetreuerIn (Doktorarbeit))
Format: Dissertation
Sprache:Englisch
Veröffentlicht: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2012
Politikwissenschaft
Ausgabe:http://dx.doi.org/10.17192/z2014.0436
Schlagworte:
Online Zugang:PDF-Volltext
Tags: Tag hinzufügen
Keine Tags, Fügen Sie den ersten Tag hinzu!

1. Forde, Daryll and G. I. Jones. (1950). The Ibo and Ibibio-Speaking Peoples of South- Eastern Nigeria. London: Oxford University Press.


2. Lewis, Arthur W. (1965). Politics in West Africa: Toronto and New York: Oxford University Press.


3. Kirk-Green, A. H. M. (1968). Lugard and The Amalgamation of Nigeria: A Documentary Record. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.


4. Gbadamosi, T. G. O. (1978). The Growth of Islam Among the Yoruba, 1841 – 1908.


5. Isichei, Elizabeth. (1983). A History of Nigeria. London, Lagos, New York: Longman.


6. Paden, John. N. (1986). Ahmadu Bello Sardauna of Sokoto: Values and Leadership in Nigeria. London, Sydney, Auckland, Toronto: Hodder and Stoughton.


7. http://archiv.ub.uni-marburg.de/diss/z2014/0436


8. Huntington, Samuel P. (1968), Political order in changing societies, New Haven, CT, Yale University Press.


9. Akalazu Nwachuku, Levi; Uzoigwe, G.N (2004), Trouble Journey: Nigeria since the civil war, Lanham, Md: University Press of America.


10. Lijphart, Arend. (1997), Democracy in Plural Societies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


11. Gurr, Ted. (2002), Robert. Peoples Versus States; Minorities at Risk in the New Century, Washington, United States Institute of Peace Press.


12. Huntington, Samuel P. (1993a), The Third Wave: Democratization in the late Twentieth Century, Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.


13. Lijphart, Arend. (1999), Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


14. Beetham, D. (1994), Defining and Measuring Democracy. London, Sage.


15. Alexander, G. (2002), The Sources of Democratic Consolidation, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.


16. Norberto, Bobbio. (1987), The Future of Democracy. Cambridge, Polity Press.


17. Falola, Toyin. (1985). " From Hospitality to Hostility: Ibadan and Strangers, 1830 – 1904. " The Journal of African History 26(1): 51 – 68.


18. Sklar, Richard L. (1965). " Contradictions in the Nigerian Political System. " Journal of Modern African Studies 3(2): 201 – 213.


19. Osaghae, Eghosa. E. (2003). Explaining the Changing Patterns of Ethnic Politics in Nigeria. " Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 9(3): 54 -73


20. Dudley, B. J. (1966). " Federalism and the Balance of Political Power in Nigeria " Journal of Commonwealth Studies 4:16 – 29.


21. Ottenberg, Simon. (1958). " Ibo Oracles and Intergroup Relations. " Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 14: 295 – 317.


22. Coleman, James. S. (1955). " The Problem of Political Integration in Emergent Africa. " The Western Political Quarterly 8(1):44 – 57.


23. Ottenberg, Simon. (1955). " Improvement Associations among the Afikpo Igbo. " Africa XXV:1-27.


24. Crowder, Michael and Obaro Ikime (1970), " Introduction " West African Chiefs: Their Changing Status under Colonial Rule and Independence, eds. Michael Crowder and


25. Nzimiro, Ikenna. (1972). Studies in Ibo Political Systems: Chieftaincy and Politics in Four Niger States. London: Frank Cass.


26. Coleman, James S. (1958). Nigeria: Background to Nationalism. Berkeley: University of California Press.


27. Greenberg, Joseph H. (1949). " Studies in African Linguistic Classification. " Southwest Journal of Anthropology 5


28. Tsurutani, Taketsugu. (1968). " Stability and Instability: A Note in Comparative Political Analysis. " The Journal of Politics 30(4): 910 – 933.


29. Anene, J. C. (1970). The International Boundaries of Nigeria 1885 – 1960. New York: The Humanities Press.


30. Ottenberg, Simon. (1971). Leadership and Authority in an African Society: The Afikpo Village-Group. Seattle and London: University of Seattle Press.


31. Yeld, E. R. (1960) " Islam and Social Stratification in Northern Nigeria " The British Journal of Sociology 11(2): 112 – 128


32. Geertz, C. (1973), The Interpretation of Cultures: Selected Essays, New York, Basic Books.


33. Johnson, Samuel. (1921). The History of the Yorubas: From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the British Protectorate. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.


34. Powell, G. Binghan, Jr. (1982), Contemporary Democracies: Participation, Stability and Violence. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.


35. Ekechi, F. K. (1971). " Colonialism and Christianity in West Africa: The Igbo Case, 1900 -1915. " The Journal of African History 12(1): 103 -115


36. Adewoye, O. (1971). " The Judicial Agreements in Yorubaland 1904-1908. " The Journal of African History 12(4):607 627.


37. Almond, Gabriel. A. (1965). " A Development Approach to Political Systems. " World Politics 7: 183 – 214


38. Van Dyke, Vermon. (1977) " The Individual, the State, and the Ethnic Communities in Political Theory " World Politics 29(3): 343 – 369.


39. Uchendu, Victor C. (1965). The Igbo of Southeast Nigeria. USA, Canada and UK: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.


40. Abigail Olakitan Senior civil servant, Ogun State 16.10.2010


41. Ademola Philip Senior Staff, Ministry of Education, Ogun state 15.10.2010


42. Dike, O. K. (1953). " African History and Self Government " London


43. Albert Udensi Non-affiliated, Enugu 24.05.2009


44. Alhaji Alhassan Modibo Senior civil Servant, Kano 15.06.2009


45. Alhaji Mahmud Bashir Senior Offcial, ACN, Abuja 30.09.2011 Bibliography:


46. Alhaji Usman Dambatta Non-affiliated 18.06.2009


47. Alhaji Yinusa Abdullahi Senior civil Servant, Abuja 05.06.2009


48. Animashaun Okenla Senior Staff, Ministry of Education, Ogub state 23.10.2010


49. Anonymous Ministry of Finance, Enugu 10.10.2010


50. Alhaji Umaru Gwarzo Member, ANPP, kano state 16.06.2009


51. Anselm Udenkwo Non-affiliated, Enugu 08.10.2011


52. Paden, John. N. (1970). " Aspects of Emirship in Kano. " Pp. 162 – 186: in West African Chiefs: The Changing Status Under Colonial Rule and Independence, eds.


53. Chazan, Naomi. (1993). " Between Liberalism and Statism: African Political Cultures and Democracy. " Political Culture and Democracy in Developing Countries, ed. Larry Diamond. Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.


54. Ayandele, E. A. (1970). " Changing Position of the Awujales of Ijebuland Under Colonial Rule. " Pp. 231 – 254: in West African Chiefs: Their Changing Status Under Colonial Rule and Independence, eds. Michael Crowder and Obaro Ikime. Ile-Ife and New York: Africana Publishing Corp. and University of Ife Press.


55. Chief Odumasu Abiodun Senior member, ACN, Ogun state 23.10.2010


56. Jones, G. I. (1970). " Chieftaincy in the Former Eastern Region of Nigeria. " Pp. 312 – 324: in West African Chiefs: Their Changing Status Under Colonial Rule and Independence, eds. Michael Crowder and Ikime Obaro. Ile-Ife and New York: Africana Publishing Corp and University of Ife Press.


57. Zolberg, Aristide R. (1966) Creating Political Order: The Party-States of West Africa. " The American Political Science Review 62(1): 70 -87


58. Kirk-Green, A. H. M. (1971). Crises and Conflict in Nigeria: A Documentary Sourcebook 1966 – 1969. London: Oxford University Press.


59. Dauda Idowu Senior Staff, Ministry of Education, Ogun State. 23.10.2010


60. Przeworski, Adam, Alvarez Michael E, Cheibub, Jose Antonio, and Limongi, Fernando (2000), Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-Being in the World, 1950-1990, New York, Cambridge University Press.


61. Sartori, Giovanni. (1962) Democratic Theory, Frederick . A. Praeger Publishers, New York. Washington. London.


62. Grugel, Jean (2002). Democratization: A Critical Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, New York.


63. Whitehead. Laurence (2002), Democratization: Theory and Experience, Oxford, Oxford University Press


64. Berg-Schlosser, D. (2007). Democratization: The State of the Art, 2 nd revised edition, Barbara Budrich Publishers, Leverkusen Opladen.


65. Diamond, Larry. (1999), Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press.


66. Dahl, Robert A. (1982) Dilemma of Pluralist Democracy: Autonomy vs. Control, Yale University Press, New Haven and London.


67. Horowitz, Donald. L. (1985), Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkley, CA: University of California Press.


68. Nnoli, Okwudiba, (1995). Ethnicity and Development in Nigeria, Aldershot Brookfield USA, Hong Kong, Singapore Sydney: Avebury.


69. Nnoli, Okwudiba. (1979) Ethnic Politics in Nigeria, Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishing Company.


70. Afigbo, A. E. (1989). " Federal Character: Its Meaning and History. " Federal Character and Federalism in Nigeria, eds. Peter P. Ekeh and E. E. Osaghae. Ibadan: Heinemann.


71. Istifanus, J. J; Kajang, T. J. (2006), Government and Governance in Nigeria, Sabon Gari (Nigeria), Saad De'en Press Ita, Nduntuei O. (1971). Bibliography of Nigeria: A Survey of Anthropological and Linguistics Writings from the Earliest Times to 1966. London: Frank Cass.


72. Atanda, J. A. (1973). " Government of Yorubaland in the Pre-Colonial Period. " Tarikh IV(2): 1 – 9.


73. Isichei, Elizabeth. (1969). " Historical Change in an Igbo Polity: Asaba to 1885. " Journal of African History X (3): 321 – 438.


74. O'Donnell, Guillermo. (1999), " Horizontal Accountability in New Democracies. " In the Self-Restraining State: Power and Accountability in Democracies, ed. Andreas Schedler, Larry. Diamond, and Marc. F. Plattner. Boulder, Connecticut: Lynne Rienner.


75. Ibadan Expansion and the Rise of the Ekitiparapo. New York: Humanities Press.


76. Ottenberg, Simon. (1962). " Ibo Receptivity to Change. " Community and Change in African Cultures, eds. William J. Boscom and M. J. Herskovits. Chigago: University of Chicago Press.


77. Izu, Marcel O. (1994), Idealism, Politics and Nation Building, The Nigerian Experience. Owerri, Assumpta Press, Owerri.


78. Badru, Pade. (1998). Imperialism and Ethnic Politics in Nigeria. Trenton, New Jersey and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press.


79. Afigbo, A. E. (1974). " Indirect Rule in Southeastern Nigeria: The Era of the Warrant Chiefs, 1891 – 1929. " Tarikh IV (4).


80. Hochschule Fulda. Intercultural Communication and European Studies. 2007. Thesis: " European Union Common Foreign Policy and its effect on Nigeria-European Union diplomatic relations. " B.A. (Hons). University of Ibadan, Ibadan 2001 European Studies (German).


81. Malam Ilyasu Maina Senior civil servant, Kano. 04.10.2010


82. Alhaji Inuwa Gusau Staff, Ministry of Education, Kano state 18.06.2009


83. Tamuno, Tekena N. (1966). Nigeria and Elective Representation 1923 – 1947.


84. Akintoye, S. A. (1970). " Obas of the Ekiti Confederacy since the Advent of the British. " Pp. 255 – 270: in West African Chiefs: Their Changing Status under Colonial Rule and Independence, eds. Michael Crowder and Obaro Ikime. Ile Ife: Africana Publishing Corp and University of Ife Press.


85. Obioha Nwankwo Non-affiliated, Abuja 09.06.2009


86. Nsugbe, Philip O. (1974). Ohafia: A Matrilineal Ibo People. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.


87. Olagunju Bamidele Retired Staff, Ministry of Education, Ogun state 16.10.2010


88. Osnabrueck Germany E-mail: cokoro@uni-Marburg.de Cyfry2001@yahoo.com (0049) 15211787681 (+234) 07035941837


89. Asiwaju, A. I. (1985), Partitioned Africans: Ethnic Relations across Africa's Boundaries 1884-1984, Lagos, Lagos University Press


90. Thesis: " Political parties in a presidential democracy: Nigeria as a Case Study, Democracy without Democrats (Working Topic).


91. Dahl, Robert. A. (1971), Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


92. B.A Project Work: The Role of Diplomacy in the National Unification of Germany under the Era of Otto Von Bismarck 1862 – 1890.


93. Akintoye, S. A. (1971). Revolution and Power Politics in Yorubaland, 1840 – 1893:


94. Alhaji Mahmud Abdullahi Businessman, Sabon gari market, Kano. 04.10.2010


95. Samson Akpan Senior Civil servant, Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Ogun state 23.10.2010


96. Samson Okonkwo Non-affiliated 16.10.2010


97. Sobayo Shobande Non-affiliated, Abeokuta 16.10.2010


98. Solomon Adebiyi Senior Staff, Ministry of Education, Ogun state 24.10.2010


99. Anene, J. C. (1966). Southern Nigeria in Transition, 1885 – 1906. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


100. Migdal, Joel. (1988). Strong Societies and Weak States: Power and Domination in the Third World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.


101. Aborigade, Oladimeji and Mundt, Robert J (1998), Politics in Nigeria, Harlow, Longman Adekanye, J. Bayo (1995), " Structural Adjustment, Democratization and the rising ethnic tensions in Africa. " Development and Change, 26, 355 – 374.


102. Atanda, J. A. (1970). " The Changing Status of the Alafin of Oyo under Colonial Rule and Independence. " Pp. 212 – 230: in West African Chiefs: Their Changing Status Under Colonial Rule and Independence, eds. Michael Crowder and Obaro Ikime. Ile- Ife and New York: Africana Publishing Corp and University of Ife Press.


103. Anthony H Birch (2007), The Concepts, and Theories of Modern Democracy, Routledge Publication New York.


104. Afigbo, A. E. (1971a) " The Eclipse of the Aro Slaving Oligarchy of South-Eastern Nigeria 1901 – 1927. " Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria VI (1): 3 – 242.


105. Tamuno, Tekena N. (1972). The Evolution of Nigerian State: the Southern Phase, 1898 – 1914. NY: Humanities Press.


106. Fadipe, N. A. (1970). " The History of the Yoruba. " Ibadan: Ibadan University Press.


107. Isichei, Elizabeth. (1973). The Igbo People and Europeans: The Genesis of a Revolution: New York: St Martins Press.


108. Geertz, C. (1963) " The integrative Revolution: Primordial Sentiments and Civil Politics in the New States; " in Old societies and New States: The Quest for Modernity in Asia and Africa, ed. Clifford Geertz, New York: Free Press.


109. Hoffman, C. (1974). The Languages of Nigeria by Language Families. Mimeograph, Department of Linguistics and Nigerian Languages: University of Ibadan.


110. Fisher. Glen. (1998), The Mindsets Factor in Ethnic Conflict; A Cross-Cultural Agenda, Yarmouth, Intercultural Press.


111. Biobaku, S. O. (1955). The Origin of the Yoruba. Lagos: Government Printer. Birch, A. H. (1967), Representative and Responsible Government, London, Allen & Unwin.


112. Goodin, Robert E and Tilly Charles (2006). The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis, Oxford University Press, Oxford Green, M. M. (1947). Ibo Village Affairs. London. Heinemann.


113. Afigbo, A. E. (1973). " The Political Systems of the Igbo. " Tarikh IV(2):13 – 23.


114. Nwankwo, A. A. (1988), The Power dynamics of the Nigerian Society: People, Politics, and Power. Enugu, (Nigeria), Fourth Foundation Nwoga, D. I. (1971). " The Chi " , Individualism and Igbo Religion: A Comment. " Igbo Traditional Life, Culture and Literature, vol. III, eds M. J. C. Echeruo and E. N Obiechina. Owerri, Nigeria: The Conch Magazine Limited.


115. Bouma, Gary. D. (1996). The Research Process. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press.


116. Falola, Toyin and Julius Ihonvbere. (1985). The Rise and Fall of Nigeria's Second Republic, 1979 – 84. London: Zed Books Ltd.


117. A grassroot study of Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa-Fulani Co-Supervised by: Professors Dirk Berg-Schlosser, and Claudia Derichs M.A. (in view) University of Osnabrueck, Democratic Governance and Civil Society, 2013


118. Huntington, Samuel P. (1965), " Political development and political decay, " World Politics, 17, 3, 386 – 430


119. Broder, David. (2000), Democracy Derailed. New York, Harcourt.


120. Forde, Daryll . (1951). The Yoruba Speaking Peoples of South-Western Nigeria.


121. Gbadamosi, T. G. O. (1972). " The Imamate Question Among Yoruba Muslims. " The Journal of Historical Society of Nigeria VI(2): 229 – 237.


122. Oguntomisin, G. O. (1981). " Political Change and Adaptation in Yorubaland in the Nineteenth Century. " Canadian Journal of African Studies 15(2): 223 – 237.


123. Beetham, David (1994), " Conditions for Democratic Consolidation. " Review of African Political Economy, 60, 157 – 172.