Wachstum, thermische Entwicklung und Phasentransformationen von NTCDA und Tetracen auf der Ag(111)-Oberfläche

In der vorliegenden Dissertation wurden das Wachstum und die thermische Entwicklung der organischen Moleküle 1,4,5,8-Naphthalin-Tetracarbonsäure-Dianhydrid (NTCDA) und Tetracen (Tc) auf einer Ag(111)-Oberfläche im Bereich ultradünner Schichten untersucht. Die Präparation der Schichten erfolgte dafür...

Ausführliche Beschreibung

Gespeichert in:
1. Verfasser: Braatz, Carolin
Beteiligte: Jakob, Peter (Prof. Dr.) (BetreuerIn (Doktorarbeit))
Format: Dissertation
Veröffentlicht: Philipps-Universität Marburg 2014
Online Zugang:PDF-Volltext
Tags: Tag hinzufügen
Keine Tags, Fügen Sie den ersten Tag hinzu!

1. http://archiv.ub.uni-marburg.de/diss/z2012/0047

2. [Hau05] A. Hauschild, K. Karki, B. C. C. Cowie, M. Rohlfing, F. S. Tautz, and M. Soko- lowski, Molecular Distortions and Chemical Bonding of a Large π-Conjugated Molecule on a Metal Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(3), 036106 (2005).

3. [Per87] B. N. J. Persson, Vibrational energy relaxation at surfaces: O 2 chemisorbed on Pt(111), Chem. Phys. Lett. 139(5), 457 (1987).

4. [Jak88] P. Jakob and D. Menzel, The adsorption of benzene on Ru(001), Surf. Sci. 201(3), 503 (1988).

5. [Dus00] R. Duschek, F. Mittendorfer, R.I.R. Blyth, F.P. Netzer, J. Hafner, and M.G. Ramsey, The adsorption of aromatics on sp-metals: benzene on Al(111), Chem. Phys. Lett. 318(1–3), 43 (2000).

6. [Sta98] U. Stahl, D. Gador, A. Soukopp, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, Coverage-dependent superstructures in chemisorbed NTCDA monolayers: a combined LEED and STM study, Surf. Sci. 414(3), 423 (1998).

7. [Tau00b] F.S. Tautz, S. Sloboshanin, V. Shklover, R. Scholz, M. Sokolowski, J.A. Schae- fer, and E. Umbach, Substrate influence on the ordering of organic submono- layers: a comparative study of PTCDA on Ag(110) and Ag(111) using HREELS, Appl. Surf. Sci. 166, 363 (2000).

8. [Est86] P. J. Estrup, E. F. Greene, M. J. Cardillo, and J. C. Tully, Influence of sur- face phase transitions on desorption kinetics: the compensation effect, J. Phys. Chem. 90(17), 4099 (1986).

9. G. Gonella, H.-L. Dai, and T. J. Rockey, Tetracene Monolayer and Multi- layer Thin Films on Ag(111): Substrate-Adsorbate Charge-Transfer Bonding and Inter-Adsorbate Interaction, J. Phys. Chem. C 112(12), 4696 (2008).

10. [Ere03] M. Eremtchenko, J. A. Schaefer, and F. S. Tautz, Understanding and tuning the epitaxy of large aromatic adsorbates by molecular design, Nature 425(6958), 602 (2003).

11. Carolin R. Braatz, GregorGregor¨ Gregor¨Ohl, and Peter Jakob, Vibrational properties of the compressed and the relaxed 1,4,5,8-naphthalene-tetracarboxylic dianhydride mo- nolayer on Ag(111), J. Chem. Phys. 136(13), 134706 (2012).

12. [Jak96] P. Jakob and D. Menzel, Initial stages of multilayer growth and structural phase transitions of physisorbed benzene on Ru(001), J. Chem. Phys. 105(9), 3838 (1996).

13. [Fin99] R. Fink, D. Gador, U. Stahl, Y. Zou, and E. Umbach, Substrate-dependent lateral order in naphthalene-tetracarboxylic-dianhydride monolayers, Phys. Rev. B 60(4), 2818 (1999).

14. [Kra06] A. Kraft, R. Temirov, S. K. M. Henze, S. Soubatch, M. Rohlfing, and F. S. Tautz, Lateral adsorption geometry and site-specific electronic structure of a large organic chemisorbate on a metal surface, Phys. Rev. B 74(4), 041402(R) (2006).

15. [Yam07] H. Yamane, D. Yoshimura, E. Kawabe, R. Sumii, K. Kanai, Y. Ouchi, N. Ueno, and K. Seki, Electronic structure at highly ordered organic/metal interfaces: Pentacene on Cu(110), Phys. Rev. B 76(16), 165436 (2007).

16. [Kil08a] L. Kilian, A. Hauschild, R. Temirov, S. Soubatch, A. Schöll, A. Bendounan, F. Reinert, T.-L. Lee, F. S. Tautz, M. Sokolowski, and E. Umbach, Role of In- termolecular Interactions on the Electronic and Geometric Structure of a Large π-Conjugated Molecule Adsorbed on a Metal Surface, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(13), 136103 (2008).

17. [Cam62] R. B. Campbell, J. M. Robertson, and J. Trotter, The crystal structure of hexacene, and a revision of the crystallographic data for tetracene, Acta Cryst. 15(3), 289 (1962).

18. [Bor90] L. Born and G. Heywang, Crystal structure of 1,4,5,8-naphthalene- tetracarboxylic-dianhydride (NTDA, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 190(1-2), 147 (1990), c 1990 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag GmbH.

19. [Hoe99] M. Horn von Hoegen, Growth of semiconductor layers studied by spot profi- le analysing low energy electron diffraction -Part I, Z. Kristallogr. 214, 591 (1999).

20. [Lan05] A. Langner, A. Hauschild, S. Fahrenholz, and M. Sokolowski, Structural proper- ties of tetracene films on Ag(111) investigated by SPA-LEED and TPD, Surf. Sci. 574(2-3), 153 (2005).

21. [Tem08] R Temirov, S Soubatch, A Lassise, and F S Tautz, Bonding and vibrational dy- namics of a large π-conjugated molecule on a metal surface, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20(22), 224010 (2008).

22. [Ere04] M. Eremtchenko, D. Bauer, J. A. Schaefer, and F. S. Tautz, Polycyclic aromates on close-packed metal surfaces: functionalization, molecular chemisorption and organic epitaxy, New J. Phys. 6(4) (2004).

23. [Sta07] C. Stadler, S. Hansen, A. Schöll, T.-L. Lee, J Zegenhagen, C. Kumpf, and E. Umbach, Molecular distortion of NTCDA upon adsorption on Ag(111): a normal incidence x-ray standing wave study, New J. Phys. 9(50), 50 (2007).

24. [Wag10] C. Wagner, D. Kasemann, C. Golnik, R. Forker, M. Esslinger, K. Müllen, and T. Fritz, Repulsion between molecules on a metal: Monolayers and submono- layers of hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene on Au(111), Phys. Rev. B 81(3), 035423 (2010).

25. [Sou09] S. Soubatch, C. Weiss, R. Temirov, and F. S. Tautz, Site-Specific Polarization Screening in Organic Thin Films, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(17), 177405 (2009).

26. [Roh07] M. Rohlfing, R. Temirov, and F. S. Tautz, Adsorption structure and scanning tunneling data of a prototype organic-inorganic interface: PTCDA on Ag(111), Phys. Rev. B 76(11), 115421 (2007).

27. [Tau07] F.S. Tautz, Structure and bonding of large aromatic molecules on noble metal surfaces: The example of PTCDA, Prog. Surf. Sci. 82(9-12), 479 (2007).

28. [Tem06] R. Temirov, S. Soubatch, A. Luican, and F. S. Tautz, Free-electron-like disper- sion in an organic monolayer film on a metal substrate, Nature 444(7117), 350 (2006).

29. [Sou11] S. Soubatch, I. Kröger, C. Kumpf, and F. S. Tautz, Structure and growth of tetracene on Ag(111), Phys. Rev. B 84(19), 195440 (2011), http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.84.195440, Copyright 2011 by the American Physical Society.

30. [Bra88] A.M. Bradshaw and E. Schweizer, Advances in Spectroscopy: Spectroscopy of Surfaces, chap. 8, pp. 413–483, John Wiley & Sons Ltd (1988).

31. [Hir96] Y. Hirose, A. Kahn, V. Aristov, P. Soukiassian, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, Chemistry and electronic properties of metal-organic semiconductor interfaces: Al, Ti, In, Sn, Ag, and Au on PTCDA, Phys. Rev. B 54(19), 13748 (1996).

32. LITERATURVERZEICHNIS [Sch04a] A. Schöll, Y. Zou, L. Kilian, D. Hübner, D. Gador, C. Jung, S. G. Urquhart, Th. Schmidt, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, Electron-Vibron Coupling in High-Resolution X-Ray Absorption Spectra of Organic Materials: NTCDA on Ag(111), Phys. Rev. Lett. 93(14), 146406 (2004).

33. [Bau11] B. Baumeier and D. Andrienko, Forschungsbericht: Organische Elektronik: um- weltverträglicher, kostengünstiger und bald auch effizienter, Forschungsbericht, Max-Planck-Institut für Polymerforschung, Mainz (2011).

34. GregorGregor¨ Gregor¨Ohl, in preparation, Ph.D. thesis, Universität Marburg (2014).

35. [Sch04b] A. Schöll, Y. Zou, T. Schmidt, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, High-Resolution Pho- toemission Study of Different NTCDA Monolayers on Ag(111): Bonding and Screening Influences on the Line Shapes, J. Phys. Chem. B 108(38), 14741 (2004).

36. Stephen R. Forrest and Mark E. Thompson, Introduction: Organic Electronics and Optoelectronics, Chemical Reviews 107(4), 923 (2007).

37. LITERATURVERZEICHNIS [Her13] K. Hermann and M. A. Van Hove, LEEDpat 3.0, PC-based software tool to visualize and analyze LEED patterns of substrates and overlayers (2013).

38. [Gad98b] D. Gador, C. Buchberger, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, " Manipulation " of molecu- lar orientation in ultrathin organic films: NTCDA on Ag(111), Europhys. Lett. 41(2), 231 (1998).

39. [Hay87] B. Hayden, Methods of Surface Characterization, chap. 7, pp. 267–343, Plenum (1987).

40. [Sue13] T. Sueyoshi, M. Willenbockel, M. Naboka, A. Nefedov, S. Soubatch, C. Wöll, and F. S. Tautz, Spontaneous Change in Molecular Orientation at Order- LITERATURVERZEICHNIS Disorder Transition of Tetracene on Ag(111), J. Phys. Chem. C 117(18), 9212 (2013).

41. [Umb96] E. Umbach, M. Sokolowski, and R. Fink, Substrate-interaction, long-range or- der, and epitaxy of large organic adsorbates, Appl. Phys. A 63(6), 565 (1996).

42. [Cha88] Y. J. Chabal, Surface infrared spectroscopy, Surf. Sci. Rep. 8(5-7), 211 (1988).

43. [Kil08b] L. Kilian, U. Stahl, I. Kossev, M. Sokolowski, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, The commensurate-to-incommensurate phase transition of an organic monolayer: A LITERATURVERZEICHNIS high resolution LEED analysis of the superstructures of NTCDA on Ag(111), Surf. Sci. 602(14), 2427 (2008).

44. TPD und IR-Spektren zumzum¨ zum¨Ubergang von α-zu δ-Phase Tc/Ag(111) . . . 84

45. [Fra88] K. H. Frank, P. Yannoulis, R. Dudde, and E. E. Koch, Unoccupied molecular orbitals of aromatic hydrocarbons adsorbed on Ag(111), J. Chem. Phys. 89(12), 7569 (1988).

46. [For97] S. R. Forrest, Ultrathin Organic Films Grown by Organic Molecular Beam De- position and Related Techniques, Chem. Revi. 97(6), 1793 (1997).

47. [Bru10] F. G. Brunetti, R. Kumar, and F. Wudl, Organic electronics from perylene to organic photovoltaics: painting a brief history with a broad brush, J. Mater. Chem. 20(15), 2934 (2010).

48. [Joh09] E. R. Johnson, I. D. Mackie, and G. A. DiLabio, Dispersion interactions in density-functional theory, J. Phys. Org. Chem. 22(12), 1127 (2009).

49. Literaturverzeichnis [Bar03] S. M. Barlow and R. Raval, Complex organic molecules at metal surfaces: bon- ding, organisation and chirality, Surf. Sci. Rep. 50(6-8), 201 (2003).

50. [Pfn83] H. Pfnur and D. Menzel, The influence of adsorbate interactions on kinetics and equilibrium for CO on Ru(001). I. Adsorption kinetics, J. Chem. Phys. 79(5), 2400 (1983).

51. [Rob61] J. M. Robertson, V. C. Sinclair, and J. Trotter, The crystal and molecular structure of tetracene, Acta Cryst. 14(7), 697 (1961).

52. [Sch10] A. Schöll, L. Kilian, Y. Zou, J. Ziroff, S. Hame, F. Reinert, E. Umbach, and R. H. Fink, Disordering of an Organic Overlayer on a Metal Surface Upon Cooling, Science 329(5989), 303 (2010).

53. [Red62] P.A. Redhead, Thermal desorption of gases, Vacuum 12(4), 203 (1962).

54. [Kin75] David A. King, Thermal desorption from metal surfaces: A review, Surf. Sci. 47(1), 384 (1975).

55. [Jak89] P. Jakob and D. Menzel, Benzene multilayers: A model for their anisotropic growth from vibrational spectroscopy and thermal desorption, Surf. Sci. 220(1), 70 (1989).

56. LITERATURVERZEICHNIS [Can83] N.D.S. Canning and M.A. Chesters, The reflection-absorption infrared spectrum of the dioxygen species adsorbed on platinum recorded by FT-IR spectroscopy, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 29(1), 69 (1983).

57. [Sta04] J. Stanzel, W. Weigand, L. Kilian, H.L. Meyerheim, C. Kumpf, and E. Umbach, Chemisorption of NTCDA on Ag(111): a NIXSW study including non-dipolar and electron-stimulated effects, Surf. Sci. 571(1-3), L311 (2004).

58. LITERATURVERZEICHNIS [Gad98a] D. Gador, C. Buchberger, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, Characterization of high- quality NTCDA films on metal substrates, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 96(1-3), 11 (1998).

59. D. Gador, Y. Zou, C. Buchberger, M. Bertram, R. Fink, and E. Umbach, NEXAFS investigations of NTCDA monolayers on different metal substrates, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101-103, 523 (1999).

60. [Our03] K. Oura, Surface Science: An Introduction, Springer (2003).